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14 - Intro To Eq Case Studies


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14 - Intro To Eq Case Studies

  1. 1. Earthquakes Case Studies <ul><li>Kobe </li></ul><ul><li>7.2 </li></ul><ul><li>6434 </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir </li></ul><ul><li>7.6 </li></ul><ul><li>80400 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Richter Scale <ul><li>A single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released. </li></ul><ul><li>It is on a logarithmic scale, thus an earthquake of magnitude 5.0 on the Richter scale is 10x stronger than one that measures 4.0. </li></ul><ul><li>An earthquake of 4.6 on the Richter scale can be recorded by any seismograph anywhere in the world. 4.6 would cause noticeable shaking and worldwide there are up 6200 per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Any earthquake above 6.5 is likely to cause major damage and destruction – there are probably less 100 of these each year. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Seismographs
  4. 4. We are focusing on…. <ul><li>Writing a detailed hazards case study that includes the causes, effects and management of the hazard. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing country case studies with an emphasis on the difference between LEDCs (Kashmir, Pakistan) and MEDCs (Kobe, Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>Answering 7 mark, level based exam questions using case studies effectively </li></ul>
  5. 5. Case Study Guidance <ul><li>Headline facts and figures </li></ul><ul><li>What? When? Where? </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation - Process </li></ul><ul><li>What were the reasons why the earthquake occurred? </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><li>What were the effects on people and the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>Human response </li></ul><ul><li>How have people tried to manage the issues or problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Future Management Issues </li></ul><ul><li>What are the hazard management challenges for the future? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Today’s Lesson <ul><li>25 minutes introduction and film </li></ul><ul><li>30 minutes – individual research time and completion of case study notes. Your deadline for these is 9.25 – the notes must be done by this time. </li></ul><ul><li>15-20 minutes – comparing case studies ; you will pair up with a member of the other class and spend 10 minutes looking at the differences and similarities between your case studies. </li></ul><ul><li>5-10 minutes – final discussion </li></ul>