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# Research Methods in psychology

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### Research Methods in psychology

1. 1. Research Methods in Psychology<br />Lesson Aim: What is a hypothesis and how do I develop one?<br />
2. 2. In your pairs, make a note of any research that you know about. In feedback, explain what you think the point of research is.<br />
3. 3. What is a hypothesis? <br />All research in science needs one<br />An idea or prediction about what might happen during the experiment or study<br />Is based on what we already know about a topic<br />Can predict that there will be a difference in two experiments or that something specific will happen<br />Helps us to say whether we are right or wrong about our predictions<br />The outcome can help us to formulate new hypotheses or predictions<br />
4. 4. An example of a hypothesis<br />Students who ate a bar of chocolate immediately before taking their psychology exam will get a grade higher than those students who did not eat any chocolate<br />
5. 5. Identifying your variables<br />Variables are things that will change in any experiment<br />In most experiments you will have a variable that you change (manipulate) eg. The amount of chocolate you give to the student Independent Variable<br />
6. 6. You will also have a variable that will change as a result eg. The results of the exams due to the amount of chocolate eaten. This result depends on your Independent Variable<br />Therefore this is called your Dependent Variable<br />
7. 7. Now let’s identify the Independent and Dependent variables<br />Students who ate a bar of chocolate immediately before taking their psychology exam will get a grade higher than those students who did not eat any chocolate<br />
8. 8. Independent and Dependent Variables<br />Students who ate a bar of chocolate immediately before taking their psychology exam will get a grade higher than those students who did not eat any chocolate<br />
9. 9. Your turn<br />Now it’s your turn to come up with your own hypothesis<br />In your pairs develop a theory about anything you like within psychology<br />Think about what might happen if you carried out a study in this area<br />Develop your hypothesis<br />Get ready to present back<br />
10. 10. RAG the following questions:<br />I know what a hypothesis is<br />I know when we use a hypothesis<br />I know what an independent variable is<br />I know what a dependent variable is<br />Phew, I’m exhausted after all that work!<br />
11. 11. To finish<br />Home learning:<br />Write 3 hypothesis for research studies<br />Label each with IV and DV<br />