• Definition of ESP
• Main researchers
• Theories of learning through ESP
• Approaches to ESP courses
• ESP sample lesson
The rolerole of English in a language course or programme of
instruction in which the content and aims of thecontent and aims of the
course are fixed by the specific needs of acourse are fixed by the specific needs of a
particular group of learnersparticular group of learners. For example courses in
English for academic purposes, English for science
and technology, and English for Nursing.
•Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (Fourth edition 2010):
• 1960’s awareness that General English
courses did not meet learner or employers
• Evolved from three fields:
• ESP is a subdivision of a wider field, Language
for Specific Purposes:
• “…the area of inquiry and practice in the
development of language programs for people
who need a language to meet a predictable
range of communicative needs.” Swales, 1992:
HUTCHINSON AND WATERS ,
a)a) the demands of a brave new worldthe demands of a brave new world:: WW II,
growth in commerce, technology exchange, and
economics: need of a common language of
b)b) a revolution in linguisticsa revolution in linguistics: how the language was
being used for communication.
c)c) a focus on the learner:a focus on the learner: development in
educational psychology- the importance of
learners` needs, interests and objectives towards
the learning of the English language.
• Behaviorism: drills
The material was stretched. When it was 50 cm
long, the stretching was stopped.
The material was stretched until it was 50 cm long.
(from Basic English for Science by Peter
Donovan, OUP, I978)
Theories of learning through
• Mentalism: Chomsky: The generalisation idea :
unworkable, could not explain how from a finite range of experience,
the human mind was able to cope with an infinite range of possible
situations. His conclusion :thinking
• Cognitive code: learner: active processor
of information. Teaching technique:
• Latin America- texts not available in the
• ESP courses to teach sts read in English
Approaches to ESP courses
• Principle: learning is determined by the
• Concern is to maximize learning
Approaches to ESP courses
ESP sample lesson based on Hutchinson
• Learning-centered approach
• Electrical engineering students
a)SLA is a developmental process.
b)Language Learning is an active process.
c)Language Learning is a decission making
• Belcher, Diane D. (2004). Trends in teaching English for specific purposes. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics,
• Brunton, M.(2009). An account of ESP – with possible future directions. English for Specific Purposes Issue 3
(24), Volume 8. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from http://www.esp-world.info/Articles_24/An%20account%20of
• Gatehouse, K. (2001, October). Key Issues in English for Specific Purposes (ESP) Curriculum Development. The
Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VII, No. 10. Retrieved June, 24, 2013, from
• Hutchinson, T. & Waters, A. (1987). English for specific purposes: A learning-centered
• approach. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
• Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, Fourth edition published in Great Britain in
• Paltridge, B., & Startfield, S. (Eds). (2013). The Handbook of English for Specific Purposes.UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
• Shrivastava, A. (2009). English for specific purposes: its meaning and importance in Present Indian scenario.
ESP World, Issue 1 (22), Volume 8. Retrieved June 20, 2013, from http://www.esp-
• Swales, John. (1992). Language for specific purposes. In W. Bright (Ed.), International encyclopedia of linguistics
(Vol. 2, p. 300). New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.