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Visualizing biodiversity
through the ecoregion lens
8/6/2013
2
The Earth’s
terrestrial biomes
8/6/2013 3Source: The Nature Conservancy
Terrestrial biomes in the U.S.
8/6/2013 4Source: The Nature Conservancy
Global percent of biome protected vs. developed
8/6/2013 5
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Temperate grasslands, savannas &
shrublands...
Historical and projected losses of original biomes
8/6/2013 6Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Threats to biomes: history and projected trends
8/6/2013 7Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
The U.S. has the most biomes and ecoregions
8/6/2013 8
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
Former USSR Canada China Uni...
The U.S. ranks high in species diversity
8/6/2013 9
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900 N...
ECOREGIONS
8/6/2013 10
The Earth’s 825 terrestrial ecoregions
8/6/2013 11Source: The Nature Conservancy
U.S. terrestrial ecoregions
8/6/2013 12Source: The Nature Conservancy
8/6/2013 13
The West’s terrestrial ecoregions
Source: The Nature Conservancy
The Earth’s 426 freshwater ecoregions
8/6/2013 14Source: The Nature Conservancy
U.S. freshwater ecoregions
8/6/2013 15Source: The Nature Conservancy
8/6/2013 16
The West’s freshwater ecoregions
Source: The Nature Conservancy
The 11 types of freshwater ecoregions
8/6/2013 17Source: The Nature Conservancy
The West’s freshwater ecoregions
8/6/2013 18Source: The Nature Conservancy
Phylogenetic diversity of vertebrate species
8/6/2013 19Source: The Nature Conservancy
Phylogenetic diversity of vertebrate species
8/6/2013 20Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of endemic vertebrate species
8/6/2013 21Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of endemic vertebrate species
8/6/2013 22Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater endemic species
8/6/2013 23Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater endemic species
8/6/2013 24Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of globally threatened animal species
8/6/2013 25Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of globally threatened animal species
8/6/2013 26Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of threatened freshwater
mammal, bird, and crocodilian species
8/6/2013 27Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of threatened freshwater
mammal, bird, and crocodilian species
8/6/2013 28Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of plant species
8/6/2013 29Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of plant species
8/6/2013 30Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of mammal species
8/6/2013 31Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of mammal species
8/6/2013 32Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater mammal species
8/6/2013 33Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater mammal species
8/6/2013 34Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of bird species
8/6/2013 35Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of bird species
8/6/2013 36Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater bird species
8/6/2013 37Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater bird species
8/6/2013 38Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of amphibian species
8/6/2013 39Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of amphibian species
8/6/2013 40Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of globally threatened amphibian species
8/6/2013 41Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of globally threatened amphibian species
8/6/2013 42Source: The Nature Conservancy
Factors behind the decline of amphibians
8/6/2013 43Source: Stuart et al. (2004)
Number of lizard and snake species
8/6/2013 44Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of lizard and snake species
8/6/2013 45Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater turtle and crocodilian species
8/6/2013 46Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater turtle and crocodilian species
8/6/2013 47Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater fish species
8/6/2013 48Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of freshwater fish species
8/6/2013 49Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of migratory fish species
8/6/2013 50Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of migratory fish species
Source: The Nature Conservancy 8/6/2013 51
Degree of disruption of fish runs
8/6/2013 52Source: The Nature Conservancy
Degree of disruption of fish runs
8/6/2013 53Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of harmful freshwater invasive species
8/6/2013 54Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of harmful freshwater invasive species
8/6/2013 55Source: The Nature Conservancy
MARINE ECOREGIONS
8/6/2013 56
Mangrove forest area
8/6/2013 57Source: The Nature Conservancy
Salt marsh abundance
8/6/2013 58Source: The Nature Conservancy
Coral reef area
8/6/2013 59Source: The Nature Conservancy
Percent of coral reefs at risk
8/6/2013 60Source: The Nature Conservancy
Percent of high-impact bleaching events
8/6/2013 61Source: The Nature Conservancy
Kelp forest abundance
8/6/2013 62Source: The Nature Conservancy
Seagrass abundance
8/6/2013 63Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of mangrove species
8/6/2013 64Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of seabird species
8/6/2013 65Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of threatened seabird species
8/6/2013 66Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of stony coral species
8/6/2013 67Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of seagrass species
8/6/2013 68Source: The Nature Conservancy
Threatened marine mammal species
8/6/2013 69Source: The Nature Conservancy
Number of harmful invasive species
8/6/2013 70Source: The Nature Conservancy
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Visualizing biodiversity through the lens of ecoregions

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The Nature Conservancy's ecoregions provide a useful way of analyzing trends in species diversity. This EcoWest.org presentation focuses on the United States but also includes global views.

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Visualizing biodiversity through the lens of ecoregions

  1. 1. Visualizing biodiversity through the ecoregion lens 8/6/2013
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. The Earth’s terrestrial biomes 8/6/2013 3Source: The Nature Conservancy
  4. 4. Terrestrial biomes in the U.S. 8/6/2013 4Source: The Nature Conservancy
  5. 5. Global percent of biome protected vs. developed 8/6/2013 5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Temperate grasslands, savannas & shrublands Mediterranean forests, woodlands & scrub Tropical/subtropical dry broadleaf forests Temperate broadleaf & mixed forests Tropical/subtropical coniferous forests Tropical/subtropical moist broadleaf forests Tropical/subtropical grasslands, savannas & shrublands Flooded grasslands & savannas Deserts & xeric shrublands Montane grasslands & shrublands Temperate conifer forests Boreal forests/taiga Tundra Percent Percent habitat protected Percent habitat converted Biome common in West Biome isolated in West Source: Hoekstra et al. (2005)
  6. 6. Historical and projected losses of original biomes 8/6/2013 6Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  7. 7. Threats to biomes: history and projected trends 8/6/2013 7Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  8. 8. The U.S. has the most biomes and ecoregions 8/6/2013 8 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Former USSR Canada China United States Brazil Australia % of global area % of biomes % of ecoregions Source: Precious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States
  9. 9. The U.S. ranks high in species diversity 8/6/2013 9 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Number of U.S. species % of global species in U.S. (#) = U.S. ranking worldwide Source: Precious Heritage: The Status of Biodiversity in the United States
  10. 10. ECOREGIONS 8/6/2013 10
  11. 11. The Earth’s 825 terrestrial ecoregions 8/6/2013 11Source: The Nature Conservancy
  12. 12. U.S. terrestrial ecoregions 8/6/2013 12Source: The Nature Conservancy
  13. 13. 8/6/2013 13 The West’s terrestrial ecoregions Source: The Nature Conservancy
  14. 14. The Earth’s 426 freshwater ecoregions 8/6/2013 14Source: The Nature Conservancy
  15. 15. U.S. freshwater ecoregions 8/6/2013 15Source: The Nature Conservancy
  16. 16. 8/6/2013 16 The West’s freshwater ecoregions Source: The Nature Conservancy
  17. 17. The 11 types of freshwater ecoregions 8/6/2013 17Source: The Nature Conservancy
  18. 18. The West’s freshwater ecoregions 8/6/2013 18Source: The Nature Conservancy
  19. 19. Phylogenetic diversity of vertebrate species 8/6/2013 19Source: The Nature Conservancy
  20. 20. Phylogenetic diversity of vertebrate species 8/6/2013 20Source: The Nature Conservancy
  21. 21. Number of endemic vertebrate species 8/6/2013 21Source: The Nature Conservancy
  22. 22. Number of endemic vertebrate species 8/6/2013 22Source: The Nature Conservancy
  23. 23. Number of freshwater endemic species 8/6/2013 23Source: The Nature Conservancy
  24. 24. Number of freshwater endemic species 8/6/2013 24Source: The Nature Conservancy
  25. 25. Number of globally threatened animal species 8/6/2013 25Source: The Nature Conservancy
  26. 26. Number of globally threatened animal species 8/6/2013 26Source: The Nature Conservancy
  27. 27. Number of threatened freshwater mammal, bird, and crocodilian species 8/6/2013 27Source: The Nature Conservancy
  28. 28. Number of threatened freshwater mammal, bird, and crocodilian species 8/6/2013 28Source: The Nature Conservancy
  29. 29. Number of plant species 8/6/2013 29Source: The Nature Conservancy
  30. 30. Number of plant species 8/6/2013 30Source: The Nature Conservancy
  31. 31. Number of mammal species 8/6/2013 31Source: The Nature Conservancy
  32. 32. Number of mammal species 8/6/2013 32Source: The Nature Conservancy
  33. 33. Number of freshwater mammal species 8/6/2013 33Source: The Nature Conservancy
  34. 34. Number of freshwater mammal species 8/6/2013 34Source: The Nature Conservancy
  35. 35. Number of bird species 8/6/2013 35Source: The Nature Conservancy
  36. 36. Number of bird species 8/6/2013 36Source: The Nature Conservancy
  37. 37. Number of freshwater bird species 8/6/2013 37Source: The Nature Conservancy
  38. 38. Number of freshwater bird species 8/6/2013 38Source: The Nature Conservancy
  39. 39. Number of amphibian species 8/6/2013 39Source: The Nature Conservancy
  40. 40. Number of amphibian species 8/6/2013 40Source: The Nature Conservancy
  41. 41. Number of globally threatened amphibian species 8/6/2013 41Source: The Nature Conservancy
  42. 42. Number of globally threatened amphibian species 8/6/2013 42Source: The Nature Conservancy
  43. 43. Factors behind the decline of amphibians 8/6/2013 43Source: Stuart et al. (2004)
  44. 44. Number of lizard and snake species 8/6/2013 44Source: The Nature Conservancy
  45. 45. Number of lizard and snake species 8/6/2013 45Source: The Nature Conservancy
  46. 46. Number of freshwater turtle and crocodilian species 8/6/2013 46Source: The Nature Conservancy
  47. 47. Number of freshwater turtle and crocodilian species 8/6/2013 47Source: The Nature Conservancy
  48. 48. Number of freshwater fish species 8/6/2013 48Source: The Nature Conservancy
  49. 49. Number of freshwater fish species 8/6/2013 49Source: The Nature Conservancy
  50. 50. Number of migratory fish species 8/6/2013 50Source: The Nature Conservancy
  51. 51. Number of migratory fish species Source: The Nature Conservancy 8/6/2013 51
  52. 52. Degree of disruption of fish runs 8/6/2013 52Source: The Nature Conservancy
  53. 53. Degree of disruption of fish runs 8/6/2013 53Source: The Nature Conservancy
  54. 54. Number of harmful freshwater invasive species 8/6/2013 54Source: The Nature Conservancy
  55. 55. Number of harmful freshwater invasive species 8/6/2013 55Source: The Nature Conservancy
  56. 56. MARINE ECOREGIONS 8/6/2013 56
  57. 57. Mangrove forest area 8/6/2013 57Source: The Nature Conservancy
  58. 58. Salt marsh abundance 8/6/2013 58Source: The Nature Conservancy
  59. 59. Coral reef area 8/6/2013 59Source: The Nature Conservancy
  60. 60. Percent of coral reefs at risk 8/6/2013 60Source: The Nature Conservancy
  61. 61. Percent of high-impact bleaching events 8/6/2013 61Source: The Nature Conservancy
  62. 62. Kelp forest abundance 8/6/2013 62Source: The Nature Conservancy
  63. 63. Seagrass abundance 8/6/2013 63Source: The Nature Conservancy
  64. 64. Number of mangrove species 8/6/2013 64Source: The Nature Conservancy
  65. 65. Number of seabird species 8/6/2013 65Source: The Nature Conservancy
  66. 66. Number of threatened seabird species 8/6/2013 66Source: The Nature Conservancy
  67. 67. Number of stony coral species 8/6/2013 67Source: The Nature Conservancy
  68. 68. Number of seagrass species 8/6/2013 68Source: The Nature Conservancy
  69. 69. Threatened marine mammal species 8/6/2013 69Source: The Nature Conservancy
  70. 70. Number of harmful invasive species 8/6/2013 70Source: The Nature Conservancy
  71. 71. ecowest.org Download more slides and other resources 8/6/2013 71

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