Policies to Encourage Early Successional Ecosystems on Forest Sites in Oregon:  What Might We Do? K. Norman Johnson Debora...
Early successional ecosystems on forest sites are relatively rare <ul><li>In Oregon’s Coast Range: </li></ul><ul><li>- cur...
Focus of my talk Policy and management challenges of increasing early sucessional ecosystems on  federal  and  private  fo...
 
<ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral ecosystems </li></ul><ul>...
 
Baker,  et al. 2006 Implementation monitoring: Summary of NWPF regional interagency monitoring results
2. Demonstrate silvicultural strategies that create diverse early seral  <ul><li>Where  and how would we harvest? </li></u...
Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP
Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP where thinning might occur
Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP where regeneration harvest might occur
Moist BLM forests under NWFP
Moist BLM forest where thinning might occur
Moist BLM forest where regeneration  harvest might occur
Northwest Forest Plan Allocation
 
 
 
 
 
Yields Compared to High Intensity Management <ul><li>Regeneration harvest:  70-80% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction from le...
 
 
Regeneration harvest = clearcutting
 
 
Public protest (1980s-1990s)
Photos by Steve Reed
<ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral forest </li></ul><ul><li>...
A typical harvest pattern on federal forests in Oregon
Source: Johnson et al. 2007 Ecological Applications Coast Range Harvest Rates
 
 
 
 
“ One thing is certain:  there must be a decided change in our attitude toward our timber resources… The forest is a renew...
Source:  Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
The purpose of the reforestation rules is to ensure that forest tree cover is maintained or re-established after harvest. ...
Minimum Tree Stocking Standards Oregon Forest Practices Act Site Productivity Seedlings <1”dbh tpa Cubic Foot Site Class I...
In general, a tree will be considered free to grow if: … . It is taller than, and out-competing, any grass, shrubs, or oth...
<ul><li>Where are we now? </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of timber famine greatly diminished </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with suc...
New Regulations?
<ul><li>Possible policy changes---- Private lands </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: create more diverse early seral forest whil...
Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan Scot’s broom
False-brome in Douglas-fir plantation
(ODF 4 th  Qtr. 2006) Allow substitution of an enhanced wildlife tree plan Grade Pond Value $/MBF 2S 540 3S 490 4S 465 3S ...
 
 
Potential slogans <ul><li>Forced regeneration = tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the freedom of shrubs and forbs </li></u...
 
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Policies To Encourage Early Successional Ecosystems On Forest Sites In Oregon What Might We Do

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Policies To Encourage Early Successional Ecosystems On Forest Sites In Oregon What Might We Do

  1. 1. Policies to Encourage Early Successional Ecosystems on Forest Sites in Oregon: What Might We Do? K. Norman Johnson Debora L. Johnson
  2. 2. Early successional ecosystems on forest sites are relatively rare <ul><li>In Oregon’s Coast Range: </li></ul><ul><li>- currently less than 3% of forest </li></ul><ul><li>- projected to be less than 2% of forest in future </li></ul><ul><li>- most will be provided by State forests </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Spies, et al. and Johnson, et al. 2007. Ecological Applications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Focus of my talk Policy and management challenges of increasing early sucessional ecosystems on federal and private forests
  4. 5. <ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Three stage approach: </li></ul><ul><li>Leave burned areas alone </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate regeneration harvest strategies that create diverse early seral </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  5. 7. Baker,  et al. 2006 Implementation monitoring: Summary of NWPF regional interagency monitoring results
  6. 8. 2. Demonstrate silvicultural strategies that create diverse early seral <ul><li>Where and how would we harvest? </li></ul><ul><li>What would be the effect on timber yield? </li></ul><ul><li>Should we plant at all? </li></ul>
  7. 9. Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP
  8. 10. Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP where thinning might occur
  9. 11. Moist National Forest outside Wilderness and roadless areas under NWFP where regeneration harvest might occur
  10. 12. Moist BLM forests under NWFP
  11. 13. Moist BLM forest where thinning might occur
  12. 14. Moist BLM forest where regeneration harvest might occur
  13. 15. Northwest Forest Plan Allocation
  14. 21. Yields Compared to High Intensity Management <ul><li>Regeneration harvest: 70-80% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction from legacy trees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term yield = 30-60%?? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction from legacy trees and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nurturing of shrub stage </li></ul></ul>
  15. 24. Regeneration harvest = clearcutting
  16. 27. Public protest (1980s-1990s)
  17. 28. Photos by Steve Reed
  18. 29. <ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest </li></ul><ul><li>Three stage approach: </li></ul><ul><li>Leave burned areas alone </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate regeneration harvest strategies that create diverse early seral </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  19. 30. A typical harvest pattern on federal forests in Oregon
  20. 31. Source: Johnson et al. 2007 Ecological Applications Coast Range Harvest Rates
  21. 36. “ One thing is certain: there must be a decided change in our attitude toward our timber resources… The forest is a renewable resource. In the interest of the nation and of the state, Oregon’s forests should be renewed: and, by all means, there should be as little delay as possible in making a beginning.” George W. Peavy, 1929
  22. 37. Source: Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
  23. 38. The purpose of the reforestation rules is to ensure that forest tree cover is maintained or re-established after harvest. Tree Species Suitable for Reforestation 1. The species must be ecologically suited to the planting site; 2. The species must be capable of producing logs, fiber, or other wood products; Oregon’s Reforestation Rules ODF, December, 1994
  24. 39. Minimum Tree Stocking Standards Oregon Forest Practices Act Site Productivity Seedlings <1”dbh tpa Cubic Foot Site Class I, II, and III Douglas-fir 100 year site index 124 and higher 200/acre Cubic Foot Site Class IV and V Ponderosa pine 100-year site index 64-108 125/acre Cubic Foot Site Class VI Ponderosa pine 100-year site index 40-63 100/acre
  25. 40. In general, a tree will be considered free to grow if: … . It is taller than, and out-competing, any grass, shrubs, or other trees growing within a 10-foot radius from the tree.
  26. 41. <ul><li>Where are we now? </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of timber famine greatly diminished </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with successful regeneration largely solved </li></ul><ul><li>A forest industry that views wood as a renewable resource </li></ul>
  27. 42. New Regulations?
  28. 43. <ul><li>Possible policy changes---- Private lands </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: create more diverse early seral forest while reducing the regulatory burden/allowing choice </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Remove free-to-grow requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Remove regeneration requirement in its entirety </li></ul><ul><li>Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan, enhanced wildlife tree plan, or logging debris retention plan </li></ul>
  29. 44. Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan Scot’s broom
  30. 45. False-brome in Douglas-fir plantation
  31. 46. (ODF 4 th Qtr. 2006) Allow substitution of an enhanced wildlife tree plan Grade Pond Value $/MBF 2S 540 3S 490 4S 465 3S (12+) 220 SC 185 Utility 45
  32. 49. Potential slogans <ul><li>Forced regeneration = tyranny </li></ul><ul><li>Protect the freedom of shrubs and forbs </li></ul><ul><li>No death panels for little plants </li></ul>

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