Policies to Encourage Diverse,  Early Seral Forest in Oregon:  What Might We Do? K. Norman Johnson Debora L. Johnson
 
“ A future wood supply… is not assured.  The serous factor in the forestry problem becomes evident when it is stated that ...
“ One thing is certain:  there must be a decided change in our attitude toward our timber resources… The forest is a renew...
Source:  Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
Source:  Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
The purpose of the reforestation rules is to ensure that forest tree cover is maintained or re-established after harvest. ...
Minimum Tree Stocking Standards Oregon Forest Practices Act 40 sq. ft. 60/acre 100/acre Cubic Foot Site Class VI Ponderosa...
<ul><li>In general, a tree will be considered free to grow if: </li></ul><ul><li>It is not severely damaged by insects, di...
<ul><li>Where are we now? </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of timber famine greatly diminished </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with suc...
 
 
 
 
Baker,  et al. 2006 Implementation monitoring: Summary of NWPF regional interagency monitoring results
 
 
Annual regen harvest (M acres)  % Forest (M acres) Owner group 1 100 .1 14.4 220 1320 BLM Total 0 0 380 Forest Service 3 ....
<ul><li>Possible policy changes---- Private Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest without i...
Perhaps on small harvest units Remove “free-to grow” requirement
 
Remove the entire reforestation requirement Perhaps on small harvest units and/or in certain zones Brandis Oak Savanna Res...
Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan Scot’s broom
Value – residual trees (ODF 4 th  Qtr. 2006) Allow substitution of an enhanced wildlife tree plan 45 Utility 185 SC 220 3S...
Encourage the retention of logging debris Carbon stores increased as rotation length increased, but decreased as the fract...
<ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral forest consistent with ag...
 
<ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li...
 
Current Policy – Now
Current Policy – Year 50
Long Rotation  BLM– Year 50
 
 
 
<ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li...
 
<ul><li>Possible changes---- Private Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest without increasi...
<ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal:  create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li...
Policies to Encourage Diverse,  Early Seral Forest in Oregon:  What might we do? K. Norman Johnson Debora L. Johnson
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

K. Norman Johnson - Policies to Encourage Diverse, Early Seral Forest in Oregon: What Might We Do?

1,507 views

Published on

K. Norman Johnson - Policies to Encourage Diverse, Early Seral Forest in Oregon: What Might We Do?

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,507
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
34
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

K. Norman Johnson - Policies to Encourage Diverse, Early Seral Forest in Oregon: What Might We Do?

  1. 1. Policies to Encourage Diverse, Early Seral Forest in Oregon: What Might We Do? K. Norman Johnson Debora L. Johnson
  2. 3. “ A future wood supply… is not assured. The serous factor in the forestry problem becomes evident when it is stated that a timber crop requires from fifty to one hundred years for maturity. When to this statement is added the assertions that this nation is using timber four times as fast as it is being produced; that by far the greater portion of the original stand of timber has been removed; and that in spite of substitutes for wood, the annual rate of timber consumption does not decrease, the seriousness of the forestry problem becomes increasingly clear.” George W. Peavy, 1929
  3. 4. “ One thing is certain: there must be a decided change in our attitude toward our timber resources… The forest is a renewable resource. In the interest of the nation and of the state, Oregon’s forests should be renewed: and, by all means, there should be as little delay as possible in making a beginning.” George W. Peavy, 1929
  4. 5. Source: Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
  5. 6. Source: Oregon’s Commercial Forests, 1929, George W. Peavy
  6. 7. The purpose of the reforestation rules is to ensure that forest tree cover is maintained or re-established after harvest. Tree Species Suitable for Reforestation 1. The species must be ecologically suited to the planting site; 2. The species must be capable of producing logs, fiber, or other wood products suitable in size and quality for the production of lumber, sheeting, pulp or other commercial forest products; and 3. The species must be marketable in the foreseeable future. Oregon’s Reforestation Rules ODF, December, 1994
  7. 8. Minimum Tree Stocking Standards Oregon Forest Practices Act 40 sq. ft. 60/acre 100/acre Cubic Foot Site Class VI Ponderosa pine 100-year site index 40-63 50 sq. ft. 75/acre 125/acre Cubic Foot Site Class IV and V Ponderosa pine 100-year site index 64-108 80 sq. ft. 120/acre 200/acre Cubic Foot Site Class I, II, and III Douglas-fir 100 year site index 124 and higher Trees 11” and larger ba Saplings and Poles 1-10” dbh tpa Seedlings <1”dbh tpa Site Productivity
  8. 9. <ul><li>In general, a tree will be considered free to grow if: </li></ul><ul><li>It is not severely damaged by insects, disease, fire, wildlife, weather, or logging; </li></ul><ul><li>It exhibits the potential for continued height growth, consistent with the normal growth for the species on similar sites; </li></ul><ul><li>It has at least one-third of the tree height in full, live crown; and </li></ul><ul><li>It is taller than, and out-competing, any grass, shrubs, or other trees growing within a 10-foot radius from the tree. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Where are we now? </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of timber famine greatly diminished </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with successful regeneration largely solved </li></ul><ul><li>A forest industry that views wood as a renewable resource </li></ul>
  10. 15. Baker,  et al. 2006 Implementation monitoring: Summary of NWPF regional interagency monitoring results
  11. 18. Annual regen harvest (M acres) % Forest (M acres) Owner group 1 100 .1 14.4 220 1320 BLM Total 0 0 380 Forest Service 3 .4 50 State 12 1.7 145 Family Forest 84 12 525 Forest Industry
  12. 19. <ul><li>Possible policy changes---- Private Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest without increasing landowner cost or regulatory burden </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Remove free-to-grow requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Remove regeneration requirement in its entirety </li></ul><ul><li>Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan, enhanced wildlife tree plan, or logging debris retention plan </li></ul>
  13. 20. Perhaps on small harvest units Remove “free-to grow” requirement
  14. 22. Remove the entire reforestation requirement Perhaps on small harvest units and/or in certain zones Brandis Oak Savanna Restoration Project
  15. 23. Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan Scot’s broom
  16. 24. Value – residual trees (ODF 4 th Qtr. 2006) Allow substitution of an enhanced wildlife tree plan 45 Utility 185 SC 220 3S (12+) 465 4S 490 3S 540 2S Pond Value $/MBF Grade
  17. 25. Encourage the retention of logging debris Carbon stores increased as rotation length increased, but decreased as the fraction of trees harvested and logging debris removed increased. Source: Forests, Carbon and Climate Change: A Synthesis of Science Findings. 2006. Oregon Forest Resources Institute
  18. 26. <ul><li>Policy Changes on Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Allow burned areas to respond without major intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a long-rotation strategy on BLM O&C lands keyed to their special mission, </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  19. 28. <ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Allow burned areas to respond without major intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a long-rotation strategy on BLM O&C lands keyed to their special mission, </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  20. 30. Current Policy – Now
  21. 31. Current Policy – Year 50
  22. 32. Long Rotation BLM– Year 50
  23. 36. <ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Allow burned areas to respond without major intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a long-rotation strategy on BLM O&C lands keyed to their special mission, </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  24. 38. <ul><li>Possible changes---- Private Lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest without increasing landowner cost or regulatory burden </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Remove free-to-grow requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Remove regeneration requirement in its entirety </li></ul><ul><li>Allow substitution of an invasives eradication plan, enhanced wildlife tree plan, or logging debris retention plan </li></ul>
  25. 39. <ul><li>Federal lands </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: create more diverse early seral forest consistent with agency mission. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Allow burned areas to respond without major intervention, </li></ul><ul><li>Implement a long-rotation strategy on BLM O&C lands keyed to their special mission, </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate large-scale disturbance on the national forests through regeneration harvest of plantations </li></ul>
  26. 40. Policies to Encourage Diverse, Early Seral Forest in Oregon: What might we do? K. Norman Johnson Debora L. Johnson

×