Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Randell C Miller, Central Coast RD – ODNRA,
Siuslaw NF, rcmiller@fs.fed.us
 The encompassing goal of
my work for the Forest
Service (FS) is to Support the
FS Mission by integrating its
wildlife go...
 1) supporting recovery of
threatened or endangered species
and…
Marbled murrelet
Oregon silverspot
butterfly
Northern sp...
 2) supporting at least viable populations of all
native and desired non-native species (FSM 2602)
wrentit
Northern spotted owl
Ruffed grouse
Roosevelt elk
Northern flicker
Western pond turtle
Oregon
Silverspot
butterfly
Seral Stage
Historic
Natural
range of
variability in
Oregon
Coast Range
Existing amount of
FS land in a typical
40-50,000 ...
•We have four species threatened withWe have four species threatened with
extinction because of these conditionsextinction...
 The Siuslaw National Forest has three
threatened wildlife species affected by low
amounts of these habitats; two are ass...
Rufus hummingbird:
forb and shrub nectar plants
Pacific slope flycatcher: deciduous hardwoods
Orange crowned
warbler: deci...
 I can propose projects, but I need more than
general goals.
 I need measurable stand-scale goals that can be
used for t...
97% of areas where
forest management
occurs on Central
Coast RD –
ODNRA is
allocated to older
forest management
97% of are...
 Old growth has really big live and dead trees,
but how many?
 What else is important in old growth forest
habitat?
 Ca...
Pawn Trail old
growth
Pawn Trail old
growth
Old growth forest: Pawn Trail
(trees greater than 300 years old)
Old growth forest; Camp Creek
Camp Creek old
growth: ~8 tpa in
overstory
Forty year old
plantation thinned
to 60-80 tpa
Mature: ~20 tpa
Old growth: 3-8 tpa
OVER STORY
Trees per acre (tpa)
30tpa
199217 tpa
2009
40 tpa
2009
Planted 1963. Commercially thinned about 1995 to
about 40 tpa, meadow created, and underburned.
 Desired condition for old
growth forest is about 10
overstory conifer trees per acre
(tpa), large dead wood, about 4-
19...
 Enough overstory conifers and hardwoods
trees to make it to old growth condition
 Large limb and cavity development
 O...
 Protect nesting northern spotted owls, marbled
murrelets, and bald eagles.
 Thin stands less than 80
years old, and retain at
least 40% canopy cover.
 trees greater than 50” dbh
with large cavities or
large limbs
 Flying squirrel: big leaf maple, mycorrhizal fungi,
and tree cavities
 Woodrat: shrubs and hardwood trees
 Other speci...
Canopies close when…
• 60 Douglas-fir per acre are about 20-25” dbh
• 40 Douglas-fir are 30-35” dbh
• 13 Douglas-fir are a...
 Maintain viability of fish and plant species
 Provide diverse opportunities for esthetic,
consumptive, and scientific u...
 Treat stands less than 80 years old
 Keep at least 40% canopy cover in majority of
stands
 Promote development of
 La...
 Prescription 1 – heavy
thinning
 Prescription 2 – moderate
thinning
 Prescription 3 – light
thinning
 Prescription 4—Release
individual conifer trees
 Prescription 5—Release
clumps of conifer trees
 Prescription 6—Release Oregon big-leaf
maple
 Prescription 7—Create canopy gaps that are
¼ - 1 acre in size.
 Prescription 8—Create
meadows
 Late Successional Reserve:
1/8- to 1-acre meadows
 Matrix: not limited to less
than 1 a...
 Prescription 9—
Underburn and or
seed with native
grasses or forbs
 Prescription 10 – Create
down wood, snags, and
promote cavity
development in live trees.
 Concentrate dead wood in
clum...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-forests-than-conifer-trees-miller

1,319 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

09 practitioners-approach-to-early-seral-habitats-on-lands-managed-primarily-for-older-forest-or-there-is-more-to-healthy-forests-than-conifer-trees-miller

  1. 1. Randell C Miller, Central Coast RD – ODNRA, Siuslaw NF, rcmiller@fs.fed.us
  2. 2.  The encompassing goal of my work for the Forest Service (FS) is to Support the FS Mission by integrating its wildlife goals with its other goals
  3. 3.  1) supporting recovery of threatened or endangered species and… Marbled murrelet Oregon silverspot butterfly Northern spotted owl
  4. 4.  2) supporting at least viable populations of all native and desired non-native species (FSM 2602)
  5. 5. wrentit Northern spotted owl Ruffed grouse Roosevelt elk Northern flicker Western pond turtle Oregon Silverspot butterfly
  6. 6. Seral Stage Historic Natural range of variability in Oregon Coast Range Existing amount of FS land in a typical 40-50,000 acre watershed Difference between existing and historic abundance Early – grass, forb, shrub, sapling, pole (<30 years old) 12-29% 4% 8 – 25% less than historic levels Young (30-80 years old) 15-31% 56% 25-41% more than historic levels Mature (80-200 years old) 12-28% 36% 8-24% more than historic levels Old Growth (>200 years old) 29-52% 4% 25-48% less than historic levels
  7. 7. •We have four species threatened withWe have four species threatened with extinction because of these conditionsextinction because of these conditions
  8. 8.  The Siuslaw National Forest has three threatened wildlife species affected by low amounts of these habitats; two are associated with old growth forest and one is associated with native coastal meadows Oregon silverspot butterflyMarbled murrelet Northern spotted owl
  9. 9. Rufus hummingbird: forb and shrub nectar plants Pacific slope flycatcher: deciduous hardwoods Orange crowned warbler: deciduous shrubs & trees Western bluebird: early seral with snags
  10. 10.  I can propose projects, but I need more than general goals.  I need measurable stand-scale goals that can be used for treatment prescriptions.
  11. 11. 97% of areas where forest management occurs on Central Coast RD – ODNRA is allocated to older forest management 97% of areas where forest management occurs on Central Coast RD – ODNRA is allocated to older forest management
  12. 12.  Old growth has really big live and dead trees, but how many?  What else is important in old growth forest habitat?  Can I do anything about early seral habitats while restoring old growth forest habitat?
  13. 13. Pawn Trail old growth
  14. 14. Pawn Trail old growth
  15. 15. Old growth forest: Pawn Trail (trees greater than 300 years old)
  16. 16. Old growth forest; Camp Creek
  17. 17. Camp Creek old growth: ~8 tpa in overstory
  18. 18. Forty year old plantation thinned to 60-80 tpa Mature: ~20 tpa Old growth: 3-8 tpa OVER STORY Trees per acre (tpa)
  19. 19. 30tpa 199217 tpa 2009 40 tpa 2009
  20. 20. Planted 1963. Commercially thinned about 1995 to about 40 tpa, meadow created, and underburned.
  21. 21.  Desired condition for old growth forest is about 10 overstory conifer trees per acre (tpa), large dead wood, about 4- 19 large hardwood tpa, and diverse understory (grasses, forbs, shrubs, young trees)
  22. 22.  Enough overstory conifers and hardwoods trees to make it to old growth condition  Large limb and cavity development  Other considerations
  23. 23.  Protect nesting northern spotted owls, marbled murrelets, and bald eagles.
  24. 24.  Thin stands less than 80 years old, and retain at least 40% canopy cover.
  25. 25.  trees greater than 50” dbh with large cavities or large limbs
  26. 26.  Flying squirrel: big leaf maple, mycorrhizal fungi, and tree cavities  Woodrat: shrubs and hardwood trees  Other species eaten by northern spotted owls that are associated with early seral habitat: cottontail rabbit, chipmunk, certain voles
  27. 27. Canopies close when… • 60 Douglas-fir per acre are about 20-25” dbh • 40 Douglas-fir are 30-35” dbh • 13 Douglas-fir are about 90” dbh
  28. 28.  Maintain viability of fish and plant species  Provide diverse opportunities for esthetic, consumptive, and scientific uses of fish, wildlife, and plants (FSM 2602).  Protect water quality…(FSM 2522.02).  Protect cultural and heritage resources (FSM 2361).  Develop safe, cost-effective fire management activities …(FSM 5102).  Provide economic, especially timber, as well as recreation opportunities for people (FSM 2411.02, 2302, and 2602).
  29. 29.  Treat stands less than 80 years old  Keep at least 40% canopy cover in majority of stands  Promote development of  Large conifer and hardwood trees  Large tree cavities, snags, and down wood  Grasses, forbs, and shrubs  Create down wood and snags  Produce economically viable timber sales  Use some funds from sale of timber to create dead wood, maintain meadows, improve water quality, and implement other restoration projects
  30. 30.  Prescription 1 – heavy thinning  Prescription 2 – moderate thinning  Prescription 3 – light thinning
  31. 31.  Prescription 4—Release individual conifer trees  Prescription 5—Release clumps of conifer trees
  32. 32.  Prescription 6—Release Oregon big-leaf maple
  33. 33.  Prescription 7—Create canopy gaps that are ¼ - 1 acre in size.
  34. 34.  Prescription 8—Create meadows  Late Successional Reserve: 1/8- to 1-acre meadows  Matrix: not limited to less than 1 acre in size
  35. 35.  Prescription 9— Underburn and or seed with native grasses or forbs
  36. 36.  Prescription 10 – Create down wood, snags, and promote cavity development in live trees.  Concentrate dead wood in clumps

×