Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

A1 germany

904 views

Published on

Activity 1: The EU Economic Situation

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

A1 germany

  1. 1. THE CURRENT ECONOMICAL, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SITUATION IN THE EU By the German Erasmus+ Team Erasmus +
  2. 2. 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE EU Erasmus +
  3. 3. Erasmus + • Day of foundation: 1.11.1993 in Netherlands • Reasons: working together in peace for a better economic and political system, a united and successful Europe, stop wars • Political criteria: democracy, human rights, no discrimination • Economy: functioning market economy to be able to compete in the EU internal market
  4. 4. Erasmus + Foundation countries: • Belgium • Germany • France • Luxembourg • Netherlands
  5. 5. 2. Expansion of the EU and connected countries Erasmus + 2. Expansion of the EU
  6. 6. Erasmus + Member countries of the EU (09.02.2015): Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Czech Republic, Hungary, United Kingdom, Cyprus, Croatia, Sweden
  7. 7. Erasmus + What advantages did the countries see in their membership? • They hoped it would give them more prosperity and a better life
  8. 8. 2. Expansion of the EU and connected countries Erasmus + 3. THE Institutions OF THE EU
  9. 9. Erasmus + The seven elements of the European Union are: • European Parliament • European Council • Council of the European Union • European Commission • Court of Justice of the European Union • European Central Bank • European Court of Auditors
  10. 10. Erasmus +
  11. 11. 2. Expansion of the EU and connected countries Erasmus + 4. THE EUROSYSTEM
  12. 12. Erasmus + The European system of central banks: • Primary objective: maintaining price stability • Not all states joined the Euro -> ESCB can not be used as monetary authority • For this reason, the Eurosystem was introduced
  13. 13. What is the Eurosystem? • Composed of the national central banks of all states that have introduced the Euro and the European Central Bank • The institution in charge of those tasks which in principle had to be managed by the ESCB • ESCB can’t handle those tasks because not all states have the Euro Erasmus +
  14. 14. Tasks and aims of the Eurosystem: • Price stability • Supporting general economic policies • Acting with the principles of an open market economy • Financial stability and integration • Improving monetary and financial cooperation • Holding and managing the foreign reserves of member states Erasmus +
  15. 15. 5. THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC POLICY Erasmus +
  16. 16. Erasmus + The EU-Internal market: • Common market of the 28 EU member states • Exists under this name since the 1st of January 1993 • Biggest jointly market worldwide • There are four basic freedoms: Freedom of goods, persons, services and capital • It’s a free trade zone, that means no duties
  17. 17. Erasmus + • Free trade zone, which includes the EU-internal market and three members of the European free trade association (Liechtenstein, Iceland and Norway) • Involves 31 countries • Provides also for the four basic freedoms • In the EEA, half of the global trade takes place 510 Million inhabitants The European Economic Area (EEA):
  18. 18. The EEA The EU-Internal market Erasmus +
  19. 19. Comparison between the EEA and the EU-internal market: • The EEA has got 31 member states, the internal market 28 from the EU • Both have the same four principals • Both areas are free trade zones with no duties • Both are powerful economic zones • The EEA is an extension of the EU-Internal Market • 80% of the rules of the EEA are like the rules of the internal market Erasmus +
  20. 20. Broad guidelines for economic policies: • Are important for the coordination of the member state‘s economic policy • Adopted by the council in the form of a non-legally binding recommendation • A surveillance mechanism which aims to ensure that Member States comply with them • The commission is responsible for providing the council with information on the economic development of each of the member states Erasmus +
  21. 21. Erasmus + The guidelines: • Smart, achievable and sustainable and inclusive growth. macroeconomic equilibrium • Stability and Growth Pact = control of its budget deficit in its budget imbalances must renovate homes, reducing public debts
  22. 22. Erasmus + What happens if the member states don’t follow the guidelines? • First the member states get a warning from the commission • Next the Council can send suggestions to the states • The suggestions can be made public
  23. 23. Erasmus + • To take measures to eliminate macroeconomic imbalances, equity markets balances households and corporate sector • Member States whose currency is the euro, reduce macroeconomic imbalances in the euro area; large and persistent differences in their current accounts and other macroeconomic imbalances common concern, measures reducing imbalances
  24. 24. 2. Expansion of the EU and connected countries Erasmus + 6. EUROPE 2020
  25. 25. Erasmus + Main targets: • Employment: 75% of all 20 to 64 year-olds • Finances: 3% of the gross domestic product (GDP) should be invested in development and research • Climate change: reducing heat-trapping gas by 20 % (in comparison to 1990)
  26. 26. Erasmus + • Energy: increasing the amount of renewable energies to 20% and raising the energy efficiency by 20% • Education: enhancing the amount of people with finished A-levels • Fight against poverty and social exclusion: the count of people affected by poverty or exclusion will be decreased by 20 million people
  27. 27. Erasmus + Priorities: • Intelligent and sustainable growth • Investing in education, research, innovation • Orientation to carbon-low economy and environmental-friendly technologies • Fighting poverty and creating workplaces • Solid and effective system of economic control
  28. 28. Erasmus + • Sustainable public finances are important to achieve the economic policy • government wants to promote the long-term growth • invest more in education, research and infrastructure • European economy has improved in recent years
  29. 29. Erasmus + • The German government wants to use the good economic situation to strengthen its base • In the next years they want to achieve four goals: Ø Better investment and innovation policy Ø improve participation opportunities and increase participatory justice Ø lead the energy revolution to succeed Ø the economic and monetary union in Europe stabilize and deepen
  30. 30. 2. Expansion of the EU and connected countries Erasmus + 7. The current situation in the Erasmus+ countries
  31. 31. Spain overview: • Industrial Production Index (IPI): -0,1% • The annual rate of the IPI stands at 0,0% in the series adjusted for the seasonal and calendar effect, and at -0,1% in the annual series. • Unemployment rate rose from 23.67 percent in the third quarter of 2014 up to 23.70 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014 Erasmus +
  32. 32. Erasmus +
  33. 33. Erasmus + Finland Overview: • Finland has a highly industrialized, largely free- market economy • The Finnish economy is in it’s third consecutive year of contraction
  34. 34. Erasmus +
  35. 35. Erasmus + Poland overview: • Economic growth slowed considerably in 2012 and 2013 • Unemployment rate in Poland increased to 11.5 percent in December of 2014 • A year earlier the unemployment rate was 13.4 percent
  36. 36. Erasmus +
  37. 37. Erasmus + 8. CULTURAL DIFFERENCES AND COMMONALITIES BETWEEN THE COUNTRIES OF EUROPE
  38. 38. Erasmus + Common art history: • Artists like Picasso and da Vinci are popular in every country in the EU. Religion: • Sunday is the day of rest in all countries • Common Christian holidays • Some Christmas songs are popular everywhere Ø only in different languages • Religious liberty in all countries
  39. 39. Erasmus + Food: • We have the same farmland (that the same things can be grown) • The same fruits and vegetables • Mostly the same eating habits Beverages: • Alcohol is allowed in every country • No big differences between the beverages (only some prefer tea, some coffee or other drinks)
  40. 40. Erasmus + Common history: • World wars • Conflicts • Common structure of the EU Humanistic background: • Every country has Human rights • Respect • No discrimination or racisim
  41. 41. Erasmus + Fashion and clothing: • Clothing looks alike • No fogging by clothing
  42. 42. Erasmus + Main differences: • Most countries are catholic, some are protestantic • Intolerance of other religions in Hungary • Turkey doesn‘t advocate women at work and other religions Ø bad conditions for joining EU • Biggest alcohol consume in Luxembourg • Income in eastern Europe is much less than in western Europe
  43. 43. Erasmus + Main commonalities:
  44. 44. Erasmus + WE HOPE YOU LIKED THE PRESENTATION
  45. 45. Sources: 1. - 3. Introduction, expansion , institutions of the EU • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Political_System_of_the_European_Union.svg Retrieved 8 January 2015
  46. 46. 4. Eurosystem • Bundesbank: http://www.bundesbank.de/Navigation/DE/Bundesbank/Eurosystem/ eurosystem.html, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • Europäische Zentralbank: https://www.ecb.europa.eu/ecb/orga/escb/html/index.de.html, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • EU-Info Deutschland: http://www.eu-info.de/euro-waehrungsunion/5009/5251/5252/, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • Wikipedia: • http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurosystem, Retrieved 8 January 2015 http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurosystem, Retrieved 8 January 2015 http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Europ%C3%A4isches_System_der_Zentralbanken, Retrieved 8 January 2015
  47. 47. 5. + 6. Europe 2020 / 7. current situation • http://www.tradingeconomics.com/spain/unemployment-rate, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • http://www.tradingeconomics.com/finland/unemployment-rate, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • http://www.classbrain.com/art_cr/publish/finland_economy.shtml, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • http://www.tradingeconomics.com/poland/unemployment-rate, Retrieved 8 January 2015
  48. 48. 8. Cultural differences • 1 http://www.domradio.de/themen/weltkirche/2014-05-20/statistiken-hohe- religionszugehoerigkeit-der-eu, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • 2 http://www.nohatespeechmovement.org/hate-speech-watch/focus/islamophobia-and- religious-intolerance, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • http://www.polsoz.fu-berlin.de/soziologie/arbeitsbereiche/makrosoziologie/projekte/ proj_laender_eu.html zugriff vom 8.01.215, Retrieved 8 January 2015 • http://www.academia.edu/1469893/ Religious_Intolerance_after_the_Patent_of_Toleration_1781_The_case_of_the_Hungaria n_Lutherans , Retrieved 8 January 2015

×