Wsis Alf C7 Unctad

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  • Wsis Alf C7 Unctad

    1. 1. Joint Facilitation Meeting on WSIS Action Lines C7 on e-Business E -COMMERCE AS A KEY FACILITATOR FOR SME COMPETITIVENESS 22 May 2008, ITU Ms. Cécile Barayre-El Shami Economic Affairs Officer ICT Policy and Analysis Unit Science, Technology and ICT Branch Division on Technology and Logistics Building a legal framework for the information economy
    2. 2. ICT policy framework for the information economy <ul><li>Creating a favourable environment for SMEs: </li></ul><ul><li>ICT infrastructure development </li></ul><ul><li>Legal and regulatory framework </li></ul><ul><li>Human capacity </li></ul><ul><li>E-business and economic environment </li></ul><ul><li>E-government </li></ul><ul><li>ICT-related trade and investment policies </li></ul><ul><li>Technological innovation </li></ul>
    3. 3. National ICT strategy <ul><li>181 developing and transition countries and territories surveyed by UNCTAD </li></ul>WSIS target: all countries have a national ICT strategy by 2010 2006 : how many developing countries have adopted an ICT strategy or master plan?
    4. 4. UNCTAD survey on national ICT master plans in developing countries Source: UNCTAD (2006) No information available 36 countries are designing an ICT plan (20%) 80 countries have adopted an ICT plan (44%)
    5. 5. I CT and law reform <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure trust between commercial partners </li></ul><ul><li>To comply with other countries’ legislation </li></ul><ul><li>To facilitate the conduct of domestic and </li></ul><ul><li>international trade </li></ul><ul><li>To offer legal protection for users and providers of e-commerce services </li></ul>
    6. 6. I CT and law reform <ul><li>HOW TO? </li></ul><ul><li>Involve all relevant Ministries to define priority areas for reform </li></ul><ul><li>Consider existing e-commerce laws (UNCITRAL ML and convention, other countries’ legislation) and regional/international harmonisation </li></ul><ul><li>Make an inventory of the legislation that need to be adapted </li></ul><ul><li>Consult with stakeholders to present and discuss the draft legal framework </li></ul>
    7. 7. Challenges <ul><li>the lack of human resources </li></ul><ul><li>the lack of public awareness about the scope and application of the law and its benefits </li></ul><ul><li>consumers' lack of trust in the security of e-commerce transactions and privacy protection </li></ul><ul><li>the difficulty in setting up the technical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>the different legal, social and economic systems of countries in a particular region </li></ul>
    8. 8. UNCTAD’s program on I CT and law reform <ul><li>UNCTAD builds capacity with legal issues related to ICTs (training course, workshops) </li></ul><ul><li>UNCTAD assists countries and regions (Latin America, ASEAN, EAC, UEMOA) in the preparation of hamonized legal frameworks </li></ul>
    9. 9. UNCTAD survey on legislation relating to ICT in developing countries <ul><li>Out of the 32 responses, 20 countries have adapted their legislation to e-commerce and 8 were in the process of doing so </li></ul><ul><li>Priority given to e-transactions, information security law, consumer protection, IPRs, ISP’s liability, privacy, dispute resolution and e-contracting </li></ul>
    10. 10. UNCTAD survey on legislation relating to ICT in developing countries INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL HARMONISATION <ul><li>20 countries have considered UNCITRAL Model law on e-commerce; 25 the ML on e-signature and 11 the Convention on e-contracting </li></ul><ul><li>8 countries based their legislation on the EU directive on e-commerce and on other instruments adopted by European countries, India, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates. </li></ul>
    11. 11. UNCTAD survey on legislation relating to ICT in developing countries <ul><li>The adoption of a legal framework has helped expand business opportunities and attract FDI. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The Republic of Korea: e-commerce transactions in 2005 rose 14.1% over 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>El Salvador: new trade opportunities for products and services over the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia: conduct of trade in the region facilitated </li></ul>
    12. 12. UNCTAD survey on legislation relating to ICT in developing countries <ul><li>Next challenge: Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Need to build capacities of legal professionals (seminars, training programs, diploma) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Sri Lanka, the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Need to accompany legal reform by a broader reform on the information economy to create awareness of e-commerce opportunities and build trust </li></ul>
    13. 13. Joint Facilitation Meeting on WSIS Action Lines C7 on e-Business E -COMMERCE AS A KEY FACILITATOR FOR SME COMPETITIVENESS 22 May 2008, ITU [email_address] www.unctad.org/ecommerce measuring-ict.unctad.org Thank you

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