In 1990s, Vietnam has launched several programs aimed at hunger eradication and poverty reduction. Various actors have been involved in the process, such as government agencies (resettlement, agricultural extension departments), NGOs (both international and local ones). Development agencies have disbursed a considerable amount of investment, especially focused on seriously poor mountainous areas, with concentration of various ethnic minority peoples.
One of important things concerned by Vietnamese government, foreign donors, local NGOs relating to development, especially in remote ethnic groups is how to improve people's quality of life and also keep good traditional values, including traditional laws. In addition, to improve gender equality in the ethnic community in the context of its harmony with cultural value reservation and development takes a very important role for any development activities.
There have been studies trying to answer the mentioned questions along with several debates on which development approach would be better for application in specific situation. This research also focuses on the topic through drawing out lessons from factual and practical development activities under Quang Binh provincial resettlement program. The project was carried out in Ma Lieng minority group at Chuoi village, Lam Hoa commune, Tuyen Hoa district of Quang Binh province, in the Central region of Vietnam since 1995.