Dealing with Disclosure Atlantic County Women’s Center Monday, September 17, 2007
Atlantic County Women’s Center  Services <ul><li>Child Care Network </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Work Program </li></ul><ul><...
What is disclosure? <ul><li>When a child or an adult voluntarily tells you they have experienced or are experiencing sexua...
Who discloses? <ul><li>Children/Teens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Witnessing domestic...
How do they disclose? <ul><li>Within counseling </li></ul><ul><li>At schools </li></ul><ul><li>Accidentally  </li></ul><ul...
Red Flags for Abuse <ul><li>Some Physical signs/symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welts or other skin injuries </li></ul></ul...
Red Flags for Abuse <ul><li>Some behavioral signs/symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremes of behavior/mood swings </li></u...
Red Flags of Abusive/Abused  Parents <ul><li>Story doesn’t always “add” up </li></ul><ul><li>Overreacts/hostile when quest...
Why is an appropriate response important? <ul><li>Validation for the victim </li></ul><ul><li>Students can’t learn if they...
What is an appropriate response? <ul><li>Creating a “safe space” </li></ul><ul><li>Listening, not investigating </li></ul>...
Do not: <ul><li>Minimize </li></ul><ul><li>Blame </li></ul><ul><li>Judge </li></ul><ul><li>Not respond out of fear </li></...
Do: <ul><li>Take the person to a confidential spot </li></ul><ul><li>Believe them! </li></ul><ul><li>Provide options whene...
What to do next: <ul><li>Consider safety first </li></ul><ul><li>Explore resources </li></ul><ul><li>Take action/Make cont...
Additional Resources <ul><li>DYFS 1-877-NJ-ABUSE </li></ul><ul><li>911 </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic County Women’s Center </...
Thank You. <ul><li>Erin O’Hanlon,  </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Community Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>609-601-9925, ext...
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Disclosure

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This is powerpoint presentation I did recently for Eagle Academy, a local alternative high school, and it is for staff, about dealing with disclosure.

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Disclosure

  1. 1. Dealing with Disclosure Atlantic County Women’s Center Monday, September 17, 2007
  2. 2. Atlantic County Women’s Center Services <ul><li>Child Care Network </li></ul><ul><li>Home to Work Program </li></ul><ul><li>WomenSource Training Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Violence Intervention Program </li></ul><ul><li>counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Referral </li></ul><ul><li>Groups psycho-educ </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention education </li></ul><ul><li>Life skills services </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is disclosure? <ul><li>When a child or an adult voluntarily tells you they have experienced or are experiencing sexual abuse/incest, sexual assault (rape), domestic violence or other crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drug/alcohol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transitional living/homelessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Death/loss </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Who discloses? <ul><li>Children/Teens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Witnessing domestic violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiencing dating violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adults </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Past history of abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child abuse by partner </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How do they disclose? <ul><li>Within counseling </li></ul><ul><li>At schools </li></ul><ul><li>Accidentally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marks on body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior red flags </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interrupted act of violence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purposefully </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During counseling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out of fear for other children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After the abuse has stopped </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Red Flags for Abuse <ul><li>Some Physical signs/symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Welts or other skin injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeated injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venereal disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unexplained injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of medical care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of self care </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Red Flags for Abuse <ul><li>Some behavioral signs/symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremes of behavior/mood swings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme fear of dark, small places, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depressed or withdrawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overly eager to please adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inappropriate sexual information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitually absent or late from school/care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always tired </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Red Flags of Abusive/Abused Parents <ul><li>Story doesn’t always “add” up </li></ul><ul><li>Overreacts/hostile when questioned </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely touches or looks at child </li></ul><ul><li>Has unrealistic expectations of child based on child’s age </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizes child’s needs </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on self instead of child (may also be victim) </li></ul><ul><li>Acts competitively towards child </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why is an appropriate response important? <ul><li>Validation for the victim </li></ul><ul><li>Students can’t learn if they’re not safe </li></ul><ul><li>Less recanting of the victimization </li></ul><ul><li>Safety for all </li></ul><ul><li>Community responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical responsibility </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is an appropriate response? <ul><li>Creating a “safe space” </li></ul><ul><li>Listening, not investigating </li></ul><ul><li>Non-judgment – meet them where they are </li></ul><ul><li>Validating </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment, empowerment, empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy/not sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>Confidentiality </li></ul><ul><li>Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Be mindful of language used </li></ul><ul><li>Your own triggers/experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility to report </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-communication </li></ul>
  11. 11. Do not: <ul><li>Minimize </li></ul><ul><li>Blame </li></ul><ul><li>Judge </li></ul><ul><li>Not respond out of fear </li></ul><ul><li>Make promises </li></ul><ul><li>React (body language, anger, cry) </li></ul><ul><li>Make it about you </li></ul><ul><li>Break confidentiality unless necessary </li></ul>
  12. 12. Do: <ul><li>Take the person to a confidential spot </li></ul><ul><li>Believe them! </li></ul><ul><li>Provide options whenever possible </li></ul><ul><li>Call for support/intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Check your personal values at the door </li></ul><ul><li>Create a safety plan </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for the plan </li></ul><ul><li>Take care of self </li></ul>
  13. 13. What to do next: <ul><li>Consider safety first </li></ul><ul><li>Explore resources </li></ul><ul><li>Take action/Make contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Debrief staff </li></ul><ul><li>Stages of transition/loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bargaining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hopelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>acceptance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Review the results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What went well? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What could have gone better? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What lessons are there for next time? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Additional Resources <ul><li>DYFS 1-877-NJ-ABUSE </li></ul><ul><li>911 </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic County Women’s Center </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-800-286-4184 and www.acwc.org </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ipac.aclink.org and click “clubs and organizations” </li></ul><ul><li>211 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thank You. <ul><li>Erin O’Hanlon, </li></ul><ul><li>Director of Community Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>609-601-9925, ext. 201 </li></ul><ul><li>Michelle Duffy, </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor of Children’s Services </li></ul><ul><li>609-646-6767, ext. 661 </li></ul>

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