Biodiversity

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ITE Eco-Conference 2012

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  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Copyright © CUGE 2010
  • Biodiversity

    1. 1. ITE ECO-CONFERENCEGreen Citizen – a lifestyle choice Fri, 13 July 2012 Conserving and Managing Singapores Biodiversity wong_tuan_wah @ nparks.gov.sg www.nparks.gov.sg 1
    2. 2. Outline1. Our unique and rich biodiversity2. Our conservation efforts3. Take Action - YOU can make a difference ..! 2Sg Buloh Wetland Reserve
    3. 3. Singapore (710 sq.km), located within the Sundaland Region, one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world ! 3
    4. 4. A unique urban environment … rich in biodiversity“ In 40 yrs of careful urban planning that balancesdevelopment with nature conservation, we have created aunique urban environment that is rich in biodiversity…”• a pragmatic approach of balancing development and nature conservation;• a unique conservation model that champions environmental sustainability and nature conservation 4
    5. 5. Our Rich Biodiversity …No. of species2900 sp. of plants, 400 sp. of birds, 270 sp. of butterflies,120 sp. of reptiles, 75 sp. of mammals , 25 sp. of amphibians,200 sp. of hard corals 111 sp. of reef fishNatural Areas Survey (2006 – 2007). 11 out of 23 (50%) seagrass sp. in the Indo-Pacific Region. 35 new records (species not previously recorded in S’pore). 7 re-discovered sp. (species not sighted for the last 50 yrs)Source: The Natural Heritage of Singapore (2010) 2nd, 3rd Edition 5
    6. 6. 400 bird species recorded• Our bird species is more than 60% of the species in UK or 75% of those found in France• Oriental Pied Hornbill last seen in 1855; rediscovered in 1994; ~139 years later Stock-billed Kingfisher Oriental Pied Hornbill 6
    7. 7. Leopard Cat - first live record in the mainland (Prionailurus bengale)“ Good news! We’ve sighted and photographed the first live leopard catin mainland and CCNR after 43 years ..! This one was found during asurvey on 1 Apr 2011.Our forests still have hiddengems!” Marcus Chua, 11 Apr 2011 7
    8. 8. Brown Wood Owl - First Record(Strix leptogrammica), 23 Dec 2010 Description • No known records in Singapore • Size: 50cm, 500g • Nesting in secondary forest, P Ubin • Range: India, SE China, SEA • Habitat: Lowland tropical forest • Status: Rather uncommon • From: Southern Johor ? Features • Below Parts: Downy white feathers • Upp Parts: Brownish, white markings • Face: Buffy-brown, black border, shaped like a bat • Eyes: Deep brown • Bill: Bluish-grey 8
    9. 9. Bruguiera hainesii (Berus Mata Buaya) • Rarest mangrove tree • 200 individuals in the world • 4+ found in Singapore !! Sg Loyang, Pasir Ris (2003) Pulau Ubin (2003, 2005) Kranji Nature Trail (2010) “Eye of the Crocodile” 9
    10. 10. Neptune’s Cup Sponge (Straits Times, 16 Nov 2011)Found in March 2011. Last seen in 1870, more than 140 yearsago ! 10
    11. 11. Conservation Efforts - Safeguarding our natural heritage … Pacific Golden Plover (Pluviaris fulva) L: 23cm, W: 84-164g, Home: Siberia (6,000 km), Peak Count: 2,000 Ringed: 29 Oct 1990, Recaptured: 3 Jan 2003; 12yrs later 11
    12. 12. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) - An old friend hasreturned …!L: 28cm, W: 74-178g, Home: Mongolia, Russia, Peak Count: 1,000Ringed: 3 Nov 1990, Recaptured: 24 Jan 2011, 20yrs 2mths later 12
    13. 13. Conservation Efforts - Enhancing our bird biodiversity• Partners (2004 - 2011): CVM Pte Ltd, WRS, NUS, NTU• Studying the ecology and breeding behaviour of hornbills• Monitoring and documenting the breeding activities in nests using high definition CCTVs• 2011: 60 hornbills in Ubin, 40 in mainland Oriental Pied Hornbill (OPH)
    14. 14. EcoLink @ BKE - enhancing our forest biodiversity • BKE built in 1986 • Concept Launched: Sep 09 • Detailed design: Feb 11 • Ground breaking: July 2011 • Completion: end 2013 14
    15. 15. Enhanching our Marine Biodiversity • First underwater nursery – Jul 07 • 600 coral fragments - “Corals of opportunity” • $250k sponsorship (Keppel Grp) Apr 2010: Acropora coralsStraits Times 16 Apr 08 15
    16. 16. Managing a network of trails, bridgesand walkways… 16Straits Times, 11 May 2008
    17. 17. Park Connectors Network (PCN): island-wide matrix of green linksfor recreation LEGEND EASTERN REGION LOOP WESTERN REGION LOOP KALLANG-SERANGOON LOOP NORTHERN REGION LOOP NORTH EASTERN REGION LOOP SOUTHERN RIDGES LOOP SIGLAP-KALLANG BASIN LOOP LINKAGES Project being fast tracked: 300 km by 2015
    18. 18. Biodiversity Conservation & DiscoveriesMay 2011 @ Hort Park “A decade of biodiversity conservation and discoveries in Spore (May 2011)" 500 species new to“Singapore ! This is remarkable considering that Singaporeis one of the most densely populated cities in theworld. Our pragmatic approach in balancingdevelopment and conservation and findingunique solutions is what makes the City a modelfor other cities to follow…” Prof Tommy Koh“Most people think Singapore is too small and toourbanised to have anything of biodiversitysignificance. We should conserve what we have andbe proud of our natural heritage…”Prof Peter Ng (NUS) 18
    19. 19. TAKE ACTION - Join our Mailing List ..! www.nparks.gov.sg 19
    20. 20. GREAT Opportunities - outdoor eduation300 parks and nature reserves as outdoorclassrooms ..! 20
    21. 21. Programme for Active Learning (PAL) Primary 1 & 2 students Soft skills through outdoor learning 21
    22. 22. Activities in Parks• Young Naturalist Programme (Wetlands and Mangroves)• Nature Keeper Programme (Tropical Forest)• Young Arborist Programme (Urban Trees)• TreeTop Walk @ MacRitchie (Canopy Ecology) New initiative at SBWR with ColorZip Feb 2011 22
    23. 23. Visit ourmost iconicpark“Gardensby the Bay”28 June 2012 23
    24. 24. 7 - 15 July The Modernist Garden Joe Palimeno (USA) Garden of Tales Damian Tang (Spore)
    25. 25. Be a Volunteer Join CIN !Community in Nature“ to appreciate, understand, loveand protect our natural heritage” www.nparks.gov.sg
    26. 26. Take Action … !You can make a difference• Enthuse and inspire you - go for a walk, explore nature, attend a talk, join a Green Club, form a Nature Interest Group• Ignite in you a desire to contribute to nature conservation activities - be a Volunteer• Contribute to national and global conservation efforts … take part in community work, students exchange programmes, share best practices
    27. 27. Our fate and biodiversity …“ We are an integral part of nature. Our fate is tightly linkedwith biodiversity, the huge variety of animals and plants,the places they live and their surrounding environments,all over the world.People all over the world are working to safeguard thisirreplaceable natural wealth and reduce biodiversity loss.This is vital for current and future human well-being.We need to do more. Now is the time to Act ! ” 27
    28. 28. My City in a Garden THANK YOU ! 28

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