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Efforts of Making Eco-friendly City
   Eco City Initiatives for Kathmandu




                               Shanta Lall M...
Kathmandu: An open museum

“In Kathmandu there are nearly as many
temples as there are houses and as many idols
as inhabit...
The valley is made up several villages which
present a high style of Newar art and
architecture combined with the unspoilt...
Eco-friendly Kathmandu

Malla and Lichhavi period Kathmandu, Bhaktapur
and Patan City were developed in eco-friendly
manne...
World Heritage

The Kathmandu valley was designated the status
of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year
1979.

Seven...
Post 1990 scenario


  Exploitation to Eco-friendly city

Unplanned Urban Development
Unstable Political Situation
- 1990 ...
Efforts in addressing the issues

Constituent Assembly Election for Political
Settlement
Campaign for Community Forestry
C...
Efforts of Municipalities

The five municipalities along with Non-
Governmental Organizations, Community
Based Organizatio...
Municipality Community Joint Initiatives


    Compost kitchen and garden waste at home.
    Sell or give inorganic waste ...
Support and participate in the activities of the
community environment group.
Support in the development and establishment...
RECPHEC Initiatives

Eco friendly city to address urban health issue.
Vehicle free/regulated zone for minimizing
noise and...
Vehicle Free Zone: A case study
Vehicle Free Zone
   Lalitpur Durbar Square
   Bhaktapur Durbar Square
   Kathmandu Durbar...
Making Thamel area: A Vehicle
Regulated Zone: A case study

Succeeded in conceptualizing the issue on the
first workshop o...
First Stage of Vehicle Regulated Zone

  Taxi enters in queue
  and cannot park inside
  Motorbikes not allowed
  to park
...
Bicycle Riding: Healthy Living

More than 250 national and
international participants
participated in Bicycle Rally
organi...
Second Initiation


Visited concern agencies for coordination

Decided to implement VRZ in Thamel

Dialogue with Young Com...
Second Initiation………..



Distribution     of     the
declaration manifesto on
Vehicle Regulation Zone
Announcement on VRZ...
Finally Vehicle Regulation Implemented in Thamel
from 8 am on 27th September 2007
After the success in making Thamel area ...
Challenges


Maoist in Government after CA Election (YCL)
Financial Constrain
Pressure from the Taxi Associations
Politici...
Thank you !!




Presented on 22nd April 2008 at Ecocity World Summit in San Francisco, USA
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EcoCity 7: Ecocity in nepal 2

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Efforts of Making Eco-friendly City: Kathmandu

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EcoCity 7: Ecocity in nepal 2

  1. 1. Efforts of Making Eco-friendly City Eco City Initiatives for Kathmandu Shanta Lall Mulmi Executive Director Resource Centre for Primary Health Care, Nepal
  2. 2. Kathmandu: An open museum “In Kathmandu there are nearly as many temples as there are houses and as many idols as inhabitants here, not being a fountain or river or a hill within its limits that is not consecrated to one or the other of the Hindu or Buddhist deities.”
  3. 3. The valley is made up several villages which present a high style of Newar art and architecture combined with the unspoilt eco- friendly nature and natural atmosphere. A quiet stroll down the city’s tranquil streets not only take you into a drastically different socio-cultural environment, but also help you explore a glorious dimension of human civilization in Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan.
  4. 4. Eco-friendly Kathmandu Malla and Lichhavi period Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan City were developed in eco-friendly manner Brick and mud houses Courtyard with pond/stone water sprouts/well Temple and prayer room Playing ground for children and place for oil massage for pregnant women Resting place for senior citizen
  5. 5. World Heritage The Kathmandu valley was designated the status of a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1979. Seven different Monument of the valley hosts an UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Initiative to make the heritage sites noise and pollution free.
  6. 6. Post 1990 scenario Exploitation to Eco-friendly city Unplanned Urban Development Unstable Political Situation - 1990 mass movement - one decade of conflict caused by Maoist arms movement - interim period of 2006-2008 Massive Migration: Squatter comments Exploitation of Natural Resources Aggressive promotion of motorized vehicles.
  7. 7. Efforts in addressing the issues Constituent Assembly Election for Political Settlement Campaign for Community Forestry Community FM Radio Municipality Non Government Organization and Community LUMANTI, ENPHO, NEFEJ, RECPHEC
  8. 8. Efforts of Municipalities The five municipalities along with Non- Governmental Organizations, Community Based Organizations and private sectors are taking initiatives to develop the Kathmandu Valley as the Eco-City. Cultural Heritage Conservation Waste Management Environment Protection Pollution Control: Land, water, air and noise Public Awareness
  9. 9. Municipality Community Joint Initiatives Compost kitchen and garden waste at home. Sell or give inorganic waste (plastic, paper, glass etc) to scrap dealers or KMC’s Waste Buying Centres. Use cloth bags for shopping instead of plastic bags. Conserve the use of water by turning off taps while not using them and by reusing and recycling water whenever possible.
  10. 10. Support and participate in the activities of the community environment group. Support in the development and establishment of a Nature club in a school. Walk, ride a bicycle or use public transportation. Plant a tree and take care of it. Preserve the rich cultural heritage. Think, “Am I a part of the problem or part of the solution?”
  11. 11. RECPHEC Initiatives Eco friendly city to address urban health issue. Vehicle free/regulated zone for minimizing noise and air field pollution. Study on Polythene bag. Bicycle Rally with the slogan cycle riding: Healthy Living.
  12. 12. Vehicle Free Zone: A case study Vehicle Free Zone Lalitpur Durbar Square Bhaktapur Durbar Square Kathmandu Durbar Square Tourist area of Kathmandu Vehicle Regulated Zone Thamel, the busiest tourist area to make vehicle regulated zone. - Orientation Programme in 2006
  13. 13. Making Thamel area: A Vehicle Regulated Zone: A case study Succeeded in conceptualizing the issue on the first workshop on 4th August 2005. As an attempt to generate public opinion pamphlets were published and distributed. Wall Poster published and poster campaign was organized from 6th –15th February 2006. House-hold Survey and research findings dissemination
  14. 14. First Stage of Vehicle Regulated Zone Taxi enters in queue and cannot park inside Motorbikes not allowed to park One-way system for vehicles thoroughly maintained Traffic, tourist and city police continuously on duty.
  15. 15. Bicycle Riding: Healthy Living More than 250 national and international participants participated in Bicycle Rally organized on 29th July 2006. Media coverage: TV, FM and Print media. Strong message to promote vehicle free zone.
  16. 16. Second Initiation Visited concern agencies for coordination Decided to implement VRZ in Thamel Dialogue with Young Communist League (Maoist) and Taxi Association who protested against the initiative
  17. 17. Second Initiation……….. Distribution of the declaration manifesto on Vehicle Regulation Zone Announcement on VRZ in news papers,FM and Television Vehicle entrance pass distributed Installed pillar with chains in 8 entrance points
  18. 18. Finally Vehicle Regulation Implemented in Thamel from 8 am on 27th September 2007 After the success in making Thamel area a vehicle regulated zone RECPHEC is trying to replicate at Pokhara. An example of joint effort of Police, Muncipality, Tourism Development Board and Taxi Association Coordinated by RECPHEC.
  19. 19. Challenges Maoist in Government after CA Election (YCL) Financial Constrain Pressure from the Taxi Associations Politicization of issue.
  20. 20. Thank you !! Presented on 22nd April 2008 at Ecocity World Summit in San Francisco, USA

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