Bijoux 7457

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  • Bijoux 7457

    1. 1. THE IMPORTANCE OF URBAN NEIGHBOURHOODS. MEASURING NEIGHBOURHOOD SUSTAINABILITY IN NEW ZEALAND Denise Bijoux, Kay Saville-Smith and Katja Lietz, Beacon Pathway Limited
    2. 2. Beacon Pathway Limited: Vision <ul><li>Creating homes and neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>that work well into </li></ul><ul><li>the future </li></ul><ul><li>and don’t cost </li></ul><ul><li>the Earth </li></ul>
    3. 3. Presentation Structure <ul><li>New Zealand Cities and Neighbourhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Beacon Pathway Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhoods and Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood Sustainability Framework </li></ul>
    4. 4. New Zealand Cities
    5. 5. Urban Residential Neighbourhoods in New Zealand
    6. 6. Why Worry about Neighbourhoods? <ul><li>They are where people live </li></ul><ul><li>Represent huge investment (economic, cultural, emotional) in the built environment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwellings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood and city infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Significant impacts on social, environmental and economic outcomes </li></ul>
    7. 7. Definition of Neighbourhood <ul><li>Clusters of households and dwellings, primarily residential functions </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting spaces between individual dwellings and city systems </li></ul><ul><li>Arenas of casual interaction beyond immediate neighbours </li></ul><ul><li>Key sites of routines of everyday life </li></ul>
    8. 8. Neighbourhoods that Work Well <ul><li>Housing satisfaction and acceptable physical appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for belonging, identity, interaction and action </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and low noise disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible facilities and services </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity to wider settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Low tenure mix </li></ul>
    9. 9. The Neighbourhood Sustainability Framework <ul><li>Designed to be outcome oriented </li></ul><ul><li>To help facilitate a built environment that is designed, constructed and managed to generate neighbourhoods to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be adaptive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be resilient </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allow people to create rich and satisfying lives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respect the limitations of the environment </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Neighbourhood Built Environments – Critical Impacts <ul><li>Motor vehicle – greenhouse gases, stormwater and air pollution, high $ cost, social marginalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and nature of public space – habitat, stormwater mechanisms, creative and physical recreation, social interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility and adaptability – mixed use, various typologies and sizes, local facilities, public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Density – less sprawl, population mass, local business viability, increased use of public transport </li></ul>
    11. 11. Six Critical Domains of Neighbourhood Sustainability (Saville-Smith et al, 2005)
    12. 12. Goals, Critical Domains and Elements for Sustainable Neighbourhoods (Saville-Smith et al, 2005) <ul><li>Tested by adapting and applying to case study areas : </li></ul><ul><li>Draft LEED-ND tool (US Green Building Council) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Place where you live’ survey (Oxford Brookes University) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Beacon Neighbourhood Sustainability Assessment Tools <ul><li>Neighbourhood Sustainability Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood Sustainability Instruments and Calculators: </li></ul><ul><li>Built Environment Observational Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Resident Self-Report Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>A Reporting Template </li></ul>
    14. 14. Key Drivers of Neighbourhood Built Environment Sustainability Walking Access to Every Day Basic Facilities Access to Public Transport Efficient Use of Space and Viability of Local Centres Protection and Enhancement of the Natural Environment Dwelling Sustainability Measured Credits Quality of Space Diversity and Resilience Appropriate Street Network Innovation A Mixture of Measurement and Professional Judgement, within Tight Guidelines
    15. 15. Key Drivers of Resident Self-Report <ul><li>Collects data on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel habits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of local facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Calculates sustainability by reference to The Place Where You Live Survey </li></ul>
    16. 16. Beacon Neighbourhood Built Environment Assessment
    17. 17. Applying Neighbourhood Built Environment Assessment Tools <ul><li>Identifies priorities for optimising sustainability by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicating strengths and weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeting built environment or social interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential to help prioritise in consent process </li></ul><ul><li>Supports house level interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in applying NSF principles in policy contexts at local, regional and national levels </li></ul>
    18. 18. Neighbourhood Pathways <ul><li>Sustainable neighbourhoods are critical to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>achieving higher densities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable settlements and regions </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Neighbourhood Pathways <ul><li>Neighbourhoods present opportunities for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House retrofit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New design and construction awareness/desirability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed reticulation systems – electricity and water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved stormwater management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved connectivity and mixed use </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Thank you! www.beaconpathway.co.nz

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