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Crossroads of openness
Wrap-up talk !
Ecosystem
Lille (France) - November 22, 2013
robert.viseur@cetic.be
My background: co-creation (1/2)
My background: co-creation (2/2)
●

Boosted by Internet (Kambil et al., 1999).

●

Diversity in methods.

●

Sub-family : free and open source softwares.
Free / Open source softwares (1/2)
●

Definition(s) :
–

Open Source Definition (opensource.org).

–

Four freedoms of free software (fsf.org / gnu.org).

→Free and open source licenses
(legal standard framework).
●

New business models :
–

Creation of value inside heterogeneous and distributed communities or
ecosystems (massive collaboration).

–

New ways for capturing value (dual licensing schemes, subscriptions,...)...

–

And new tools and frameworks for creating new products and services.

→ Ok, it works !
My experience in Begium (1/2)
●

●

More or less 150 companies with open source
based activities (logiciellibre.be).

But...
My experience in Begium (2/2)
●

Still a lack of knowledge in :
–

Open source licensing schemes.

–

Open source business models.

–

Ecosystem building.

●

Despite the wide use in companies...

●

In the meantime...
Trend towards Open Source Innovation
●

Generalization of the open source model :
–
–

●

Movement from commercial software model to hybrid models.
Movement from Open Source Software to Open Source Innovation (Pénin, 2011).

Open Source * ?
–
–

Application to all kinds of « stuffs ».

–

Creation of new suitable licenses.

–

Preference for open standards and formats.

–

Cross-fertilization with co-creation and Agile methods.

–

●

Directly inspired by 4 freedoms of free software definition (→ availability of « source code »).

More opened and interactive than open innovation.

Open * : open content, open journalism, open data, open science, open
hardware, open cloud,...
First commercial successes...
●

●

But still under the radars...
Nevertheless, first
(commercial) successes :
Wikipedia, OpenStreetMap,
Arduino, Wikispeed,... and
Elphel.
We saw the power of transformation
●

Power of transformation of open source :
–

Science :
●

–

Students :
●

–

Scientific papers with open source code and open data (→ reproducible
papers or executable papers).
Learning by doing (→ best pratices in live).

Citizens :
●
●

–

More transparency with open government data or journalistic contents.
Empowerment and collective projects (commons).

Companies :
●
●

–

Create with ecosystems (monopoly) : collaboration and coopetition.
Industrial relocation ?

...
Future is now!
●

The openness is no longuer a question...

●

But there will be competition between more or less participative models.

●

The users continue to be empowered.
–

●

The empowered users can become users-entrepreneurs...
–

●

Thanks to open source software and hardware technologies, communities and collaborative
tools, open source licenses, or crowdfunding.

See litterature relative to « lead users » (Von Hippel), and Baldwin et al. (2006).

They probably won't replace big corporations, but can feed them with new
ideas and concepts.

●

The principles of communities or ecosystems are validated for sofwares...

●

And are becoming the key for datas, contents and hardwares, too.
Some thoughts for the future
●

●

●

●
●

What are the opened business models and strategies
that succeed ?
How to manage the relation with empowered users
and consumers ?
How to break the old-fashioned sticky ways of
doing ?
How to fill the participation gap (> digital gap) ?
How to engage young people in the open source
train ?
Thanks
Contact :
robert.viseur@cetic.be
More information :
www.robertviseur.be
twitter.com/robertviseur
www.linkedin.com/in/robertviseur

Aéropôle de Charleroi-Gosselies
Rue des Frères Wright, 29/3
B-6041 Gosselies
info@cetic.be

www.cetic.be

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fOSSa 2013 - Crossroads of openness - Wrap-up talk ! / Ecosystem

  • 1. Crossroads of openness Wrap-up talk ! Ecosystem Lille (France) - November 22, 2013 robert.viseur@cetic.be
  • 3. My background: co-creation (2/2) ● Boosted by Internet (Kambil et al., 1999). ● Diversity in methods. ● Sub-family : free and open source softwares.
  • 4. Free / Open source softwares (1/2) ● Definition(s) : – Open Source Definition (opensource.org). – Four freedoms of free software (fsf.org / gnu.org). →Free and open source licenses (legal standard framework). ● New business models : – Creation of value inside heterogeneous and distributed communities or ecosystems (massive collaboration). – New ways for capturing value (dual licensing schemes, subscriptions,...)... – And new tools and frameworks for creating new products and services. → Ok, it works !
  • 5. My experience in Begium (1/2) ● ● More or less 150 companies with open source based activities (logiciellibre.be). But...
  • 6. My experience in Begium (2/2) ● Still a lack of knowledge in : – Open source licensing schemes. – Open source business models. – Ecosystem building. ● Despite the wide use in companies... ● In the meantime...
  • 7. Trend towards Open Source Innovation ● Generalization of the open source model : – – ● Movement from commercial software model to hybrid models. Movement from Open Source Software to Open Source Innovation (Pénin, 2011). Open Source * ? – – Application to all kinds of « stuffs ». – Creation of new suitable licenses. – Preference for open standards and formats. – Cross-fertilization with co-creation and Agile methods. – ● Directly inspired by 4 freedoms of free software definition (→ availability of « source code »). More opened and interactive than open innovation. Open * : open content, open journalism, open data, open science, open hardware, open cloud,...
  • 8. First commercial successes... ● ● But still under the radars... Nevertheless, first (commercial) successes : Wikipedia, OpenStreetMap, Arduino, Wikispeed,... and Elphel.
  • 9. We saw the power of transformation ● Power of transformation of open source : – Science : ● – Students : ● – Scientific papers with open source code and open data (→ reproducible papers or executable papers). Learning by doing (→ best pratices in live). Citizens : ● ● – More transparency with open government data or journalistic contents. Empowerment and collective projects (commons). Companies : ● ● – Create with ecosystems (monopoly) : collaboration and coopetition. Industrial relocation ? ...
  • 10. Future is now! ● The openness is no longuer a question... ● But there will be competition between more or less participative models. ● The users continue to be empowered. – ● The empowered users can become users-entrepreneurs... – ● Thanks to open source software and hardware technologies, communities and collaborative tools, open source licenses, or crowdfunding. See litterature relative to « lead users » (Von Hippel), and Baldwin et al. (2006). They probably won't replace big corporations, but can feed them with new ideas and concepts. ● The principles of communities or ecosystems are validated for sofwares... ● And are becoming the key for datas, contents and hardwares, too.
  • 11. Some thoughts for the future ● ● ● ● ● What are the opened business models and strategies that succeed ? How to manage the relation with empowered users and consumers ? How to break the old-fashioned sticky ways of doing ? How to fill the participation gap (> digital gap) ? How to engage young people in the open source train ?