This presentation was presented at the Ecotourism and Sustainable TourismConference 2011 (ESTC 2011), held in Hilton Head ...
Tourism and Biodiversity Conservation:    A Synthesis of Case Studies to Inform PracticePhil Sarnoff , M. S.Dr. Kelly Bric...
The stability of ecosystems is dependent upon diversity…
TOURISM IMPACTS…
Study Framework► Five    key strategies identified:1.    A source of financing for biodiversity      conservation;2.    Ec...
Study OverviewPurpose:To synthesize research on the relationship between  tourism and biodiversity conservation.Guiding Hy...
Objectives1. To understand what has been studied and where more research is   required for monitoring and evaluation of to...
A Source of Financing.      Does tourism provide a source of financing             for parks and conservation?120100 80 60...
Case Studies:        A Source of FinancingPositive Examples► Charging appropriate entrance fees.► Funds from tourism allow...
Case Studies:        A Source of FinancingNegative Examples► Poor planning and a lack of coordination  between local inter...
Justification for Conservation       Does tourism provide economic        justification for conservation?100 90 80 70 60 5...
Case Studies: Economic  Justification for ConservationPositive Examples► Tourists are visiting regions to view wildlife an...
Case Studies: Economic  Justification for ConservationPositive Examples (Cont’d)► 5 year master plan has been developed in...
Providing Local People with Economic                  Alternatives      Does tourism provide local people with      altern...
Case Studies: Providing Local People    with Economic AlternativesPositive Examples► Support of wildlife conservation, but...
Constituency Building       Does tourism promote constituency      building that promotes conservation?100 90 80 70 60 50 ...
Case Studies:        Constituency BuildingPositive Examples► Tourism industry dollars supports local  conservation NGOs.► ...
Impetus for Private Conservation Efforts      Does tourism provide an impetus for         private conservation efforts?140...
Case Studies:Impetus for Private Conservation EffortsPositive Example► Success of tourism operations on public lands  has ...
ResultsA comprehensive score of the five sociocultural and  environmental factors   • A Source of Financing   • Justificat...
Summary…►The number of positive impacts identified increased when there were one or more benefits linking tourism to biodi...
A model for collaboration Founded on the following ideas: •Practitioners              are Professors… •Context matters in ...
Benefits…► University         ►Community  resources           Support► Students are       ►Professional  future           ...
Thank you! Questions?
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ESTC 2011 Presentation by Phill Sarnoff and Dr. Kelly Bricker, Biodiversity and Ecotourism

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Ecotourism and Sustainable Tourism Conference (ESTC) (http://www.ecotourismconference.org/) presentation by Phil Sarnoff, Doctoral Student, University of Utah and Kelly Bricker, Associate Professor, University of Utah - "Tourism and Biodiversity Conservation Hotspots" - presented in September 2011. Organized by The International Ecotourism Society (http://www.ecotourism.org), the ESTC is a unique annual conference providing practical solutions to advance sustainability goals for the tourism industry.

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ESTC 2011 Presentation by Phill Sarnoff and Dr. Kelly Bricker, Biodiversity and Ecotourism

  1. 1. This presentation was presented at the Ecotourism and Sustainable TourismConference 2011 (ESTC 2011), held in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, USA, from September 19th-21st. Organized by The International Ecotourism Society (TIES), the ESTC is a unique annual conference providing practical solutions to advance sustainability goals for the tourism industry. Learn more about the ESTC: http://www.ecotourismconference.org ESTC on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/ESTC_Tourism ESTC on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/ESTC.Tourism The International Ecotourism Society | web www.ecotourism.org email info@ecotourism.org | tel +1 202 506 5033
  2. 2. Tourism and Biodiversity Conservation: A Synthesis of Case Studies to Inform PracticePhil Sarnoff , M. S.Dr. Kelly BrickerUniversity of Utah
  3. 3. The stability of ecosystems is dependent upon diversity…
  4. 4. TOURISM IMPACTS…
  5. 5. Study Framework► Five key strategies identified:1. A source of financing for biodiversity conservation;2. Economic justification for protected areas;3. Economic alternatives for local people;4. Constituency-building which promotes biodiversity conservation;5. An impetus for private biodiversity conservation (Brandon, 1996; Brandon &Margoluis, 1996)
  6. 6. Study OverviewPurpose:To synthesize research on the relationship between tourism and biodiversity conservation.Guiding Hypothesis: "Tourism development implemented according to the principles of environmental sustainability, nature conservation, and contributing to the well-being of local peoples will have a net positive or a neutral impact on biodiversity.“
  7. 7. Objectives1. To understand what has been studied and where more research is required for monitoring and evaluation of tourism growth in biodiversity hotspot areas.2. Develop recommendations for tourism operations based on a comprehensive overview of case studies.
  8. 8. A Source of Financing. Does tourism provide a source of financing for parks and conservation?120100 80 60 40 20 0 Yes No Partially Not Sure
  9. 9. Case Studies: A Source of FinancingPositive Examples► Charging appropriate entrance fees.► Funds from tourism allows locals to refrain from agriculture and livestock pursuits.► Lease for conservation paid for by tourism dollars
  10. 10. Case Studies: A Source of FinancingNegative Examples► Poor planning and a lack of coordination between local interests, international and national NGOs and stakeholders marginalizes financing.► Centralized collection of area user fees does not provide adequate funding to maintain the park.
  11. 11. Justification for Conservation Does tourism provide economic justification for conservation?100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Yes No Partially Not Sure
  12. 12. Case Studies: Economic Justification for ConservationPositive Examples► Tourists are visiting regions to view wildlife and providing an influx of tourism dollars.► Hotels investing in conservation. Supporting ecotourism activities.► Loss of biodiversity would detract from the amount of tourist dollars.
  13. 13. Case Studies: Economic Justification for ConservationPositive Examples (Cont’d)► 5 year master plan has been developed in order to support sustainable tourism in the region.► Preservation of critical species habitat to support future tourism.► Ecotourists have been identified as a group that spends more than conventional tourists.► Tourism has produced 60% of foreign currency.
  14. 14. Providing Local People with Economic Alternatives Does tourism provide local people with alternatives to exploiting conservation areas?908070605040302010 0 Yes No Partially Not Sure
  15. 15. Case Studies: Providing Local People with Economic AlternativesPositive Examples► Support of wildlife conservation, but also consumptive activities related to the biosphere reserve.► Local ownership of tourism support businesses.► Development of women-centered businesses that support tourism.Negative Example► Land reclassified as a reserve without compensation to locals. No economic alternatives were created and forest degradation persists.
  16. 16. Constituency Building Does tourism promote constituency building that promotes conservation?100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Yes No Partially Not Sure
  17. 17. Case Studies: Constituency BuildingPositive Examples► Tourism industry dollars supports local conservation NGOs.► Local support services are utilized in order to gain access to the conservation area (i.e. guiding services).► Citizens engaged in the ecotourism development process.► Environmental education programs provided to local citizens.
  18. 18. Impetus for Private Conservation Efforts Does tourism provide an impetus for private conservation efforts?140120100 80 60 40 20 0 Yes No Partially Not Sure
  19. 19. Case Studies:Impetus for Private Conservation EffortsPositive Example► Success of tourism operations on public lands has motivated private landowners to begin pursing similar tourism operations on their land.
  20. 20. ResultsA comprehensive score of the five sociocultural and environmental factors • A Source of Financing • Justification for Conservation • Providing Local People with Economic Alternatives • Constituency Building • Impetus for Private Conservation Efforts1. was found to be significantly correlated with environmental attitude.2. was found to be significantly correlated with environmental behavior.
  21. 21. Summary…►The number of positive impacts identified increased when there were one or more benefits linking tourism to biodiversity conservation, while the negative impacts appeared to decrease…
  22. 22. A model for collaboration Founded on the following ideas: •Practitioners are Professors… •Context matters in what we do… •Important questions need to be answered to move sustainable tourism forward…
  23. 23. Benefits…► University ►Community resources Support► Students are ►Professional future development professionals opportunities► Study skills, ►Real-world research process problems
  24. 24. Thank you! Questions?

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