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American Climate Perspectives 2017 Annual Summary

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American Perspectives 2017

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American Climate Perspectives 2017 Annual Summary

  1. 1. Belief and Concern: Concern for Our Climate Climbs | 3 American Climate Perspectives: 2017 Annual Summary
  2. 2. Belief and Concern: Concern for our climate climbs American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 2
  3. 3. Majority of Americans think the rise in global tempertatures is due to human activities, but not all agree it is the sole cause: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 201720162015 The Earth is warming mostly because of human activity (Pew) Climate change is happening mainly due to human activities (ecoAmerica) Global warming is caused mostly by human activities (Yale) Climate change is caused entirely by human activity (Saint Leo University) Global warming is caused by human activities (Gallup)55 16 22 45 65 16 26 44 68 16 38 58 5553 % of Americans that believe... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 3
  4. 4. Within the past year, personal concern has soared and reached an all time high over the past 30 years: % of Americans that are personally concerned a great deal about global warming or climate change American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 4 40% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0 1989 1990 1991 1997 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Gallup Yale Quinnnipiac University Saint Leo University 24% 41% 45% 73% 75% 76% 66%62% 49% 61%
  5. 5. Americans are concerned about the enviroment’s quality: Gallup (2004-2017) % of Americans that are... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 5 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Worried a great deal about the quality of the environment Concerned a great deal about pollution of drinking water 59%58% 48% 60% 63% 43% 31% 47% 34%35% 53%
  6. 6. More Americans think the quality our environment is getting worse: Gallup (2013-2017) Note: Large partisan gaps exist amongst this question with 53% of Republicans saying the future of the environment is getting better, whereas only 22% of Democrats agree with this. % of Americans that think the quality of the environment is getting better vs. getting worse American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 6 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 41% 41% 37% 36% 42% 49% 50% 51% 56% 57% Getting worse Getting better
  7. 7. While many pit the economy against our environment, Americans agree the environment is a priority: Gallup (1984-2017) % of Americans that priortize... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 7 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 1984 1990 1991 1992 1995 1997 1998 1999 20 0 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 20 0 6 2007 20 0 820 0 9 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Environment Economic growth32% 19% 24% 44% 27% 51% 54% 41% 35% 56% 71% 56% 47% 55% 42% 46%
  8. 8. In context of issues our nation faces, climate remains low: American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 8 What would you think is the most important problem facing the country today? August 2017 (%) April 2017 (%) October 2016 (%) Economy in general 20 24 31 Unemployment/jobs 7 5 6 Dissatisfaction with government/poor leadership 20 21 12 Healthcare 17 9 4 Unifying the country 6 7 2 Race relations/racism 7 4 10 Education 3 3 2 Environment/pollution 2 4 3 Gallup (2016-2017)
  9. 9. Energy: American support for clean energy mounts American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 9
  10. 10. Americans support clean energy: % of Americans that favor expansion or more production of... 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0 Wind and solar Wind Solar Natural Gas Oil Fracking ecoAmerica (2016) and Pew (2016) *Note no data exists from ecoAmerica on wind, solar, and fracking separately 88 8383 89 61 42 42 42 45 PewecoAmerica American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 10
  11. 11. Americans increasingly see the priority of clean energy for America’s energy supply: Pew (2011-2017) % of Americans that priortize... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 11 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2017 63% 47% 58% 60% 65% 29% 39% 34% 30% 27% Wind, solar, and other alternative energy sources Production of oil, coal, and natural gas
  12. 12. Americans think energy independence is of upmost importance: Quinnipiac University (2017) 60% Very important 32%Somewhat important 5%Not so important 2%Not important at all American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 12
  13. 13. More Americans now oppose oil exploration on federal lands: Gallup (2012-2017) OpposeFavor % of Americans that favor vs. oppose oil exploration on federal lands American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 13 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 201720142012 65 34 58 41 46 53
  14. 14. Over half of Americans oppose fracking and are split on whether we should use coal: % of Americans who encourage vs. discourage coal and fracking American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 14 Coal Fracking Quinnipiac University (2017) Gallup (2017) 36% Encourage Encourage 56% Discourage 53% Discourage 12% Don’t know 8% Don’t know 35%
  15. 15. 45% 40% 35% 30% 2015 2016 2017 Gallup (2015-2017) % of Americans that support fracking American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 15 Support for fracking continues to decline: 40% 36% 35%
  16. 16. However, Americans are divided on advancing major oil pipelines: Rasmussen Gallup Pew Quinnipiac University Gallup (2017), Quinnipiac University (2017), Rasmussen (2017), Pew (2017) 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% SupportOppose 43 39 48 50 % of Americans that oppose vs. support the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines in 2017 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 16 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 51 36 42 40
  17. 17. % of Americans that prioritze environment vs. those that prioritize energy production Gallup (2001-2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 17 Americans are increasingly putting the environment before energy production: 52% 58% 59% 41% 36% 34% 34% Prioritize environment Prioritize energy production 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 44% 48% 50% 45%
  18. 18. Solutions: Americans are quickly turning solutions that benefit our environment and economy American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 18
  19. 19. What Americans say our priority should be in addressing our energy supply: % of Americans who agree how we should be solving America’s energy supply Gallup (2011-2017), Pew (2011-2014,2017) *Note none of the pollings have 2015 data American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 19 Emphasize alternative energy (Gallup) Alternative sources such as wind, solar (Pew) Expand production of oil, coal, and natural gas (Pew) Emphasize production of oil, gas and coal (Gallup) 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2016 2017 26% 34% 31% 32% 21% 23% 29% 39% 30% 34% 27% 63% 47% 58% 65% 65% 66% 59% 59% 64% 72% 71%
  20. 20. Americans increasingly favor charging large companies fees for their pollution: ecoAmerica (2015-2016) % of Americans that favor vs. oppose American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 20 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 2015 2016 55 77 6 16 75 8 18 Total Favor Strongly Favor Total Oppose Strongly Oppose 50
  21. 21. Americans support taxing carbon, especially when the tax money goes towards developing more clean energy: ecoAmerica (2017), University of Michigan (2017) *Note no data exists for "Not specified" from ecoAmerica 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Income tax rebateReduce federal debtNot specified Fund research and development of renewables ecoAmerica University of Michigan 50 42 24 62 11 66 66 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 21 If there were a fee or tax on climate change pollution, how should the U.S. use the money?
  22. 22. Support especially grows amongst Republicans when researchers specified where the tax money would go: 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Revenue to fund research and development of renewables Not specified 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Revenue to fund research and development of renewables Not specified 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Support Oppose Revenue to fund research and development of renewables Not specified University of Michigan (2017) RepublicansIndependentsDemocrats 66 26 77 19 47 40 70 26 30 63 45 49 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 22
  23. 23. Support also builds when options such as improving education and health services is provided: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Fund development of new clean energy sources Reduce our federal debt Rebate the money equally to all citizens Reduce the corporate income tax Improve education and health services We should not tax carbon 13 33 5 11 24 66 ecoAmerica (2017) If there were a fee or tax on climate change pollution, how should the U.S. use the money? American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 23
  24. 24. Americans believe we can act on climate solutions and grow our economy: *Quinnipiac University (2017),**Saint Leo University (2017),***ecoAmerica(2017), ****Ipsos/Reuters(2017) 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Reducing global warming will hurt jobs and the economy **** Removing environmental proections will hurt the economy*** Clean energy will create new jobs and growth**** Clean energy creates more jobs than fossil fuels*** Environmental protections are absolutely critical, no matter what** Environmental protection create new economic opportunities** The U.S. can combat climate change and protect jobs at the same time* 68 32 37 40 70 31 14 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 24 % of Americans that agree...
  25. 25. American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 25 Behaviors: How Americans are acting on solutions
  26. 26. A majority of Americans are loyal to and trust companies that support social and environmental issues: Cone Communications (2017) % of Americans that say when a company supports social or environmental issues they... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 26 Have a more positive image of the company Would be more likely to trust the company Would be more loyal to the company 93% 90% 91% 92% 87% 88% 87%87% 95% 93% 92% 91% 90% 89% 88% 87% 86% 85% 84% 2013 2015 2017 90%
  27. 27. Where do Americans stand on taking action themselves? 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Bought or sold stocks or mutual funds based on the environmental record of companies Contacted a business to complain about its products or policies that harm the environment Voluntarily recycledBought some product specifically because it was better for the environment Contacted a public official about an environmental issue Been active in an environmental group or organization 2000 2017 15 18 73 90 13 9 21 20 66 89 11 9 Personal actions on climate haven't shifted much over the past decade Gallup (2000, 2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 27
  28. 28. Activism: Reflecting on the 2017 science marches, protests, and demonstrations American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 28
  29. 29. Americans are divided on the effectiveness the April 2017 science marches: Don’t know Oppose goals of marches Support goals of marches Don’t know Marches will make no difference for public support for science Marches about science will help public support for science 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Republicans/ Lean Rep Pew (2017) Pew (2017) National 48 26 26 25 47 29 Democrats/ Lean Dem 68 14 18 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Democrats/ Lean Dem Republicans/ Lean Rep National 44 44 7 22 60 13 61 32 3 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 29 % of Americans who support vs. oppose the marches % of Americans who think the marches help vs. make no difference
  30. 30. % of U.S. adults who say protests, marches and demonstrations about science held in April 2017 will be effective at... American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 30 About half of Americans say the climate marches will increase and encourage efforts for science and policy collaboration: Encouraging scientists to be more active in civic and public affairs Pew (2017) Increasing efforts to address global climate change Raising support for government funding of science Encouraging policymakers to rely more on advice of scientific experts 59% 49% 48% 49%
  31. 31. Nearly half of Americans believe participation in the climate marches stems from opposition to Trump: 17% Not a reason 22% A minor reason 48%A major reason Pew (2017) % of Americans that think Trump's handling of science issues is a major vs. minor reason for participation in the 2017 climate marches American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 31
  32. 32. American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 32 Politics: Climate wedges a political divide
  33. 33. Large disparities exist among political affiliation when it comes to climate change: American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 33 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 45 69 76 47 40 18 80 43 45 94 62 66 ecoAmerica Quinnipiac University Gallup Gallup (2017), ecoAmerica (2017), Quinnipiac University (2017) % of Americans concerned about climate change National Republicans Independents Democrats
  34. 34. Americans are concerned about climate change: 2016 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 34 % of Americans concerned a great deal about climate change Gallup ecoAmericaRepublicans Independents Democrats National ecoAmerica (2016), Gallup (2016) 38 37 49 57 36 34 23 18 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
  35. 35. In the past year concern has jumped across the political spectrum, with the exception of Republicans: 2017 Republicans Independents Democrats National ecoAmerica (2017), Gallup (2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 35 % of Americans concerned a great deal about climate change 41 45 62 66 43 45 16 18 Gallup ecoAmerica 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%
  36. 36. President Trump and Government: The role of climate policy for America's future American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 36
  37. 37. More Americans say we need regulation to combat climate change: % of Americans that say Trump should remove regulations that combat climate change vs. those who disagree Quinnipiac University (2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 37 9%Don’t know 66%Should not 25%Should
  38. 38. Diving into specifics we see Americans disagree with Trump’s anti-climate agenda, especially when it comes to clean energy: % of Americans that agree vs. disagree with President Trump that America should... ecoAmerica (2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 38 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Reduce the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate climate change pollution 29 63 Remove federal funding for clean energy projects 71 19 Open public lands to coal mining 65 25 Remove restrictions on offshore oil and gas drilling 59 31 Cut the budget for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by 30% 63 30 Eliminate the fuel economy mandate requiring cars get a minimum of 54.5 miles per gallon 56 31 % Total disagree % Total agree
  39. 39. On the issue of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): % of Americans that favor vs. oppose cutting the EPA’s budget American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 39 Rasmussen Rasmussen (2017) ecoAmerica ecoAmerica (2017) 44%Favor 30%Favor 46%Oppose 10%Don’t know 63%Oppose 4%Don’t know
  40. 40. Across the political spectrum Americans strongly disagree with President Trump that America should remove restrictions on offshore oil and gas drilling: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Strongly Disagree Strongly Disagree Independents Democrats Republicans ecoAmerica (2017) % of Americans that strongly disagree vs. strongly agree 13 44 70 34 8 4 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 40 20% 10%
  41. 41. Republicans are also likely to agree with Trump’s executive orders at rates double or more than Democrats or Independents: American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 41 % Total agree, findings by political party Remove restrictions on offshore oil and gas drilling Republican Independent Democrat 58% 61% 61% 60% 28% 27% 26% 13% 7% 30% 13% 54% 20% 9% 44% 14% 7% 8% Eliminate the fuel economy mandate requiring cars get a minimum of 54.5 miles per gallon Cut the budget for the EPA by 30% Open public lands to coal mining Remove federal funding for clean energy projects Reduce the authority of the EPA to regulate climate change pollution ecoAmerica (2017)
  42. 42. Yet, Trump voters favor most climate solutions: American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 42 % of Americans that favor vs. oppose the following... Yale (2017) Oppose/Disagree Favor/Agree 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Generating wind and solar on public land 23 77 More drilling and mining of fossil fuels on public land 7227 Funding more research of clean energy 7128 Providing tax rebates to people who purchase energy efficient vehicles and solar panels 6929 The U.S. should use more renewable energy in the future such as solar, wind, and geothermal 7333 Transitioning from fossil fuels to clean energy impact on the economy 2949 60% 40% 20%
  43. 43. And in recent turn of events, Trump has acted out against what his voters and Americans want: % of Americans that agree vs. disagree with Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Agreement ecoAmerica (2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 43 I strongly agree with it (10%) I disagree with it (9%)I agree with it (9%) I strongly disagree with it (25%) I don’t know (47%)
  44. 44. Nearly half of Trump voters disagree with his withdrawl from the Paris Agreement: 47% Should participate 25% Don’t know 28%Should not participate Yale (2016) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 44 % of Trump voters that support vs. oppose the withdrawl from the Paris agreement
  45. 45. A majority of Americans say we should remain in the agreement: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Don't knowShould not participate / Approve of withdrawl Should participate / Disapprove of withdrawl Ipsos/Reuters Quinnipiac University Washington Post/ABC Rasmussen Morning Consult/POLITICO Yale Yale (2016), Rasmussen (2017), Morning Consult/POLITICO (2017), WashingtonPost/ABC (2017) Ipsos/Reuters (2017), Quinnipiac University (2017) *Note there is no 2017 data from Rasmussen or Quinnipiac University 69 60 57 59 47 62 13 30 24 28 39 32 17 19 13 15 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 45
  46. 46. Following the announcement to pull out of the agreement, Americans still say we should lead on climate action, but are divided on dedicating funds toward the cause: 10% No 17% Unsure Do you approve of the United States working with other countries to limit global warming? Should the United States lead the fight against climate change? 73% Yes 14% Unsure 22%Disagree 68% Agree Ipsos/Reuters (2017) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 46
  47. 47. Americans who agree the U.S. should: American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 47 Ipsos/Reuters (2017) Ipsos/Reuters (2017) Support the creation of a $100 billion internationally managed fund to help developing countries adapt to climate change Follow through on a $3 billion pledge to help developing countries adapt to climate change 23% Strongly agree 20% Strongly agree 47%Total agree 39%Total disagree 47% Total agree 39%Total disagree
  48. 48. Americans don’t agree on the ramifications of pulling out of the agreement: % of Americans that say the following is likely due to the U.S. withdrawing from the Paris Climate Agreement 0 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% U.S. will not be seen as a leader on global issues U.S. will be able to negotiate a better climate agreement with other countries U.S. economy will be stronger U.S. relations with other countries will suffer Global temperatures will rise faster National Democrats Republicans Independents Ipsos/Reuters (2017) 63 78 50 70 37 21 59 35 41 21 71 31 64 83 45 71 50 74 25 52 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 48
  49. 49. American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 49 Bringing It Home: Americans turn to their communities to take up the mantle on climate solutions
  50. 50. % of Americans that say we could address climate change effectively, but our government is broken and can’t agree on how to do it Americans know we can’t wait for Washington to act: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%30% 20% 10% Total disagree Strongly disagree Total agree Strongly agree 19 7 74 42 ecoAmerica (2016) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 50
  51. 51. Who Americans believe will act on climate solutions: % of Americans that think that the following is most likely to advance climate solutions American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 51 2016 2015 ecoAmerica (2016) State government (12%) Local government (12%)Private sector (45%) Federal government (31%) ecoAmerica (2015) State government (15%) Local government (11%)Private sector (43%) Federal government (31%)
  52. 52. Who Americans think is best able to protect the environment: Ipsos/Reuters (2017) 0 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% Environmental activists The business community States Congress The President American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 52 Independents Republicans Democrats National % of Americans total agree 13 14 23 18 14 13 16 20 20 14 19 14 12 27 26 7 11 19 17 18
  53. 53. Americans want to bring solutions home to their communities and take on action: 0 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% All the aboveTalking to the public about climate change Educating others about climate change Purchasing renewable energy like wind and solar Conserving energy ecoAmerica (2016) My city or town is... I wish my city or town were... 32 30 19 27 16 24 11 20 7 39 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 53 What Americans say their city or town is doing vs. what they wish they were doing
  54. 54. Americans believe they personally, and we collectively, can and need to take action on climate: 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change Need to take action now to reduce the pollution that is causing climate change Can help reduce the pollution that is causing climate change Can help reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 0 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% ecoAmerica (2016) Total Agree Strongly Agree We...I... 72 73 78 80 36 41 52 59 American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 54
  55. 55. Americans are very hopeful for the future: % of Americans that agree vs. disagree that we can reduce the pollution that is causing climate change 17%Disagree 78%Agree ecoAmerica (2016) American Climate Perspectives: Annual Summary | 55
  56. 56. Thank you! ecoAmerica builds a critical mass of institutional leadership, public support and political will for definitive climate solutions in the United States. Learn more at ecoAmerica.org

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