War Erupts

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War Erupts

  1. 1. WAR ERUPTS
  2. 2. FORT SUMTER – a federal fort located in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina South attacked on April 12,1861 to officially start the Civil War
  3. 3. Lincoln calls out troops to put down the uprising
  4. 4. Virginia decides to go with the South Virginia is a key state because of wealth, large population and home of great military leaders
  5. 5. ROBERT E LEE – general in charge of Confederate troops during the Civil War
  6. 6. BORDER STATES – states that are located between the Union and the Confederacy BORDER STATES: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri
  7. 9. Kentucky is a key state because it contains so many key rivers to be used for transportation
  8. 10. RESOURCES IN 1860 Confederacy Union TOTAL U.S. POPULATION TOTAL U.S. MANUFACTURING PLANTS
  9. 11. RESOURCES IN 1860 Confederacy Union TOTAL U.S. RAILROAD MILES TOTAL U.S. INDUSTRIAL WORKERS
  10. 12. President Lincoln is a great leader and one of the biggest advantages the Union has
  11. 13. Union has a huge advantage over the South in terms of people and resources Union also has a huge advantage in factories, railroad miles and navy shipyards
  12. 14. UNION PLAN – destroy the South’s economy so they are forced to end the war
  13. 15. ANACONDA PLAN – the Union plan to shut off all Southern trade and ruin their economy
  14. 17. BLOCKADE – when armed forces prevent the transportation of goods or people into or out of an area
  15. 18. Union also wants to capture the Confederate capital city – Richmond, Virginia
  16. 19. <ul><li>Confederacy has certain advantages also: </li></ul><ul><li>good generals </li></ul><ul><li>only has to fight a defensive war </li></ul><ul><li>fighting to defend their homes and families </li></ul>
  17. 20. South wants war to last as long as possible – force the Union to eventually give up
  18. 21. KING COTTON – cotton becomes the major economic product of the South and basis of the economy
  19. 22. South tries to force England and France to help with their war effort by refusing to send cotton – plan does not work
  20. 23. FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN – first major battle of the Civil War, fought near Washington, DC – was a Confederate victory
  21. 24. GENERAL STONEWALL JACKSON rallies the Southern troops to victory
  22. 26. the Confederate win in this battle stuns the Union the Union had thought they would win the war in a couple of weeks
  23. 27. THE END

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