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Rebuilding The South


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Rebuilding The South

  2. 2. RECONSTRUCTION – the process the U.S. used to readmit the Confederate States to the Union Period usually referred to as 1865 to 1877
  3. 3. FREEDMAN’S BUREAU – assisted former slaves by setting up schools, hospitals and distributing food and clothing in the South
  4. 4. ANDREW JOHNSON becomes president when Lincoln is assassinated He was Lincoln’s vice President
  5. 5. Johnson planned to carry on Lincoln’s plans for reconstruction He believed the President would play a major role in reconstructing the country
  6. 6. AMNESTY – official pardon, offered to most white Southerners
  7. 7. Some in the south resist the new government and refuse to ratify the 13 th Amendment
  8. 8. BLACK CODES – laws that limited the freedom of former slaves Blacks couldn’t carry guns or meet in large groups
  9. 9. RADICIAL REPUBLICANS – northerners that pushed for full and equal citizenship of African Americans
  10. 10. <ul><li>CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866 stated that: </li></ul><ul><li>All persons born in the U.S. were citizens </li></ul><ul><li>All citizens entitled to equal rights regardless of race </li></ul>
  11. 11. 14 th AMENDMENT – states that all citizens had equal protection under the law Led to the Reconstruction Act of 1867
  12. 12. <ul><li>To re-enter the Union states must: </li></ul><ul><li>Give the right to vote to all men </li></ul><ul><li>Ratify the 14 th Amendment </li></ul>
  13. 13. President Johnson fights many of the reforms the Congress passed – he thought they were too strict
  14. 14. IMPEACHED – to be formally accused of improper conduct while in office He was acquitted – found not guilty – by one vote
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  17. 17. THE END