Types of jobs & contracts


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Types of jobs & contracts

  1. 1. Jobs in the media industry<br />Types of jobs, contracts and pay and professional practices<br />Look through these slides for more information.<br />
  2. 2. Types of jobs<br />Job roles can be organised into 6 different <br />categories based on the skills required for the <br />jobs:<br />Technical<br />Creative<br />Editorial<br />Managerial<br />Sales and Marketing<br />Financial<br />
  3. 3. Technical jobs<br />Technical jobs are those that require the person to work with <br />equipment and technology in order to help create media <br />products. The role requires the ability to listen to,<br />understand and carry out instructions correctly and good <br />time management as projects often have strict deadlines.<br />Technical jobs might include;<br />Web developer<br />Technical producer<br />Technical director<br />Camera operator<br />Lighting director<br />Gaffer<br />Sound recordist<br />Boom operator<br />
  4. 4. creative jobs<br />Creative jobs are those that require the <br />person to expand original ideas or products to <br />help complete a finished product. The role <br />requires a great imagination and the ability to <br />work well in a team as these jobs are sometimes<br />completed in a group.<br />Creative jobs might include;<br />Web designer<br />Script writer<br />Set designer<br />Cinematographer<br />
  5. 5. editorial jobs<br />Editorial jobs are most often found in the print <br />industry (magazines, newspapers etc). They <br />require the person to check through work, <br />review what has been produced and provide <br />suggestions, make changes or bring the work <br />together as a final piece. This role requires good <br />communication skills and good English grammar is <br />important for the print industry. <br />Editorial jobs might include;<br />Newspaper editor<br />TV or film editor<br />Magazine editor<br />
  6. 6. Managerial jobs<br />Managerial jobs require the ability to oversee <br />the work of others and to organise time <br />effectively and productively. The role requires <br />excellent communication skills and the ability <br />to work well with others. <br />Managerial jobs might include;<br />Station Manager<br />Floor Manager<br />Production Manager<br />Location Manager<br />
  7. 7. Sales & marketing jobs<br />Sales and marketing jobs are those that require the <br />person to communicate with other businesses and sell <br />or promote products to them. The role requires good <br />interpersonal and communication skills as sales and <br />marketing jobs are often highly competitive.<br />Sales & marketing jobs might include;<br />Public relations officer<br />Film promoter<br />Publicist<br />Publicity Manager<br />Marketing Assistant<br />Marketing Executive<br />
  8. 8. financial jobs<br />Financial jobs are those that require the person to <br />generate revenue for the industry/business they <br />work for. They have to make sure the budget of <br />the project is handled carefully, when and how to <br />channel money into new projects and account for <br />the budget at all times. <br />Financial jobs might include;<br />Producer<br />Financial controller<br />Production Accountant<br />
  9. 9. Contracts & pay<br />The media industry is a one of a kind industry, it is <br />flexible and constantly changing. This means that the <br />contracts its workers have are more flexible than <br />traditional jobs. <br />These are some of the most common contracts in <br />the media industry:<br />Full-time, permanent<br />Part-time, permanent<br />Fixed-term and freelance<br />Shift work<br />Office hours<br />Irregular and anti-social hours pay<br />Salaried<br />On completion<br />
  10. 10. Full-time, permanent<br />You work on a full-time basis, usually 39 hours <br />a week. A permanent contract means you are <br />a regular member of staff entitled to company <br />benefits including pensions, sick pay, <br />maternity/paternity leave and holiday pay. <br />The job roles most likely to be full-time, <br />permanent are managerial, editorial, financial, <br />creative and sometimes sales and marketing.<br />
  11. 11. Part-time permanent<br />This means you work a fraction of a full-time <br />contract, once again you will have a set <br />amount of hours per wee. You will also be <br />entitled to the same benefits as full-time, <br />permanent but on a reduced basis due to <br />fewer working hours.<br />The job roles most likely to be part-time, <br />permanent are financial and sometimes sales <br />and marketing.<br />
  12. 12. Fixed-term and freelance<br />These contracts are similar in that they are <br />both temporary and will only last for a certain <br />period of time. Under a fixed-term contract <br />you may still be entitled to company benefits <br />if outlined in your contract. However, a <br />freelance worker will be responsible for their <br />own arrangements in terms of pension, holiday <br />and sick pay and other allowances. <br />The job roles most likely to be fixed-term and <br />freelance are technical, creative and sales and <br />marketing.<br />
  13. 13. Shift work<br />This means your hours are set to a certain time <br />of the day, for example, 7am-3pm or 11pm-<br />7am. Shifts can include late or night work and <br />are often used in places that need to be <br />manned 24 hours a day, such as broadcasting <br />centres (tv centres/radio centres)<br />
  14. 14. Office hours<br />Traditionally, these are Monday to Friday, 9am-<br />5pm. This contract is very common for people <br />working in administration and office-based <br />jobs.<br />The job roles most likely to be office hours are <br />financial and sales and marketing and some <br />assistants job such as research assistant.<br />
  15. 15. Irregular & anti-social hours<br />This is a little like overtime, when a person is <br />paid extra money on top of their normal wages <br />for working over or working unsociable hours. <br />This is quite common in the media industries, <br />as production work, especially on location, can <br />be irregular and may involve working very <br />early in the morning or late in to the night. <br />These payments are an incentive to people to <br />work these unsociable hours above and beyond <br />their normal contracted duties.<br />
  16. 16. Salaried<br />A set annual wage that is broken down into <br />monthly payments. A salary will be advertised <br />as, for example, £20,000 per year, this is then <br />divided by 12 to give you a monthly payment <br />of around £1,666.<br />The job roles most likely to be salaried are <br />managerial and sometimes technical and <br />creative.<br />
  17. 17. On completion<br />This is also quite common in the media <br />industries, especially for people commissioned <br />to do work. A contract outlines what you are <br />required to do and by when, and you will be <br />paid the agreed fee when the work is <br />completed according to the contract.<br />The job roles most likely to be on completion <br />are creative and sometimes technical.<br />