Trade and Investment for Development


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San Bilal, European Parliament, Policy Department and Committee on International Trade
29 March 2012, Brussels
San Bilal gave a presentation on what is needed beyond "Aid for trade".

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Trade and Investment for Development

  1. 1. Aid for trade and beyondDevelopment Perspectives Dr San Bilal
  2. 2. Aid for Trade logic• Important role played by trade in development• Trade can lead to different growth trajectories• Importance of adjustment policies and domestic agenda/reforms• Need aid for trade-related: (1) policies and regulation (2) adjustments (3) building productive capacity (4) infrastructures• Aid effectiveness principles Page 2
  3. 3. Increasing Aid for Trade… Page 3
  4. 4. With increasing focus on poorcountries… Page 4
  5. 5. And Africa and Asia… Page 5
  6. 6. Over 1/3 of overall AfT providedby the EU Page 6
  7. 7. EC Trade, Growth andDevelopment Communication• Better targeted AfT• On LDCs (only 22% of EU AfT in 2009) and ‘countries most in need’• Improving complementatory between AfT and broader development policies• Targeting small and rural operators• Improving AfT at regional level• Better support HRs, labour rights and social protection, sustainable development• Enhanced effectiveness, cooperation within EU and with emerging players Page 7
  8. 8. Regional dimension of AfT(= 18% of tot AfT in 2009)• Increasing attention to regional level• International and regional banks key role (WB, AfDB, ADB)• Bilateral donors: the EU (France, Germany, UK); the US; Japan… Page 8
  9. 9. Regional challenges• National – regional nexus• Coordination and complementarity• Implementation issues• Ownership and prioritisation• Capacity constraints• Donors coordination• Focus on policies and infrastructure / TF• Multiplication of regional programmes + EPAs Page 9
  10. 10. Sectoral challenges• Bridging sectors: e.g. AfT with Agriculture and rural development / food security• Involvement / ownership from private sector• Access to finance• Multiplication of fora: national, regional, continental, international and by sector Page 10
  11. 11. Eg. Productive capacity Page 11
  12. 12. Innovative sources of financing• Go beyond aid: private capital• Leverage aid to mutiple pool of resources• New sources and instruments: blending (grants and loans), private-public partnership FDI, portfolio investment, capital markets, private equity, sovereign funds• Domestic resources mobilisation• Emerging players Capacity challenge !!! Page 12
  13. 13. AfT and other official flows (OOF) Page 13
  14. 14. Way forward• Effectiveness & monitoring: show results and learn lessons (e.g. OECD/WTO)• Involve private sector: leverage & impact• Connect to emerging players: South-South Cooperation• Address broader policy objectives & ensure bridging/coherence: - industrial policy, policy space, - sustainability, inclusiveness and equity = build synergy and complementary• Strenghten ownership and coordination• … Page 14
  15. 15. Thank youSan Bilal: Page 15