Drawing Lessons for Policy-Makers: Drivers & Politics of Regional Integration in Southern Africa
3. Drawing Lessons for
Drivers & Politics of Regional
Integration in Southern Africa
• Functional cooperation taking place
• Regional decision-making structures make
• Commitments easily taken and not
necessarily planned to implement
• Also genuine constraints – capacity, finance
• Functional cooperation yes, but need for
development also – not just extraction
• Private sector key driver and beneficiary of
corridors – but “just doing what it does”
• Investment and PS bodies can play roles
• Processes key – pragmatic issues - why not
• Accountability on implementation, interface
on issues also important
• Implementation only if in interest
(incentives? SADC trade protocol and SAPs?
CBI and EU grants?)
• Political change a major issue for stability
1. How to better harness functional
• How to formalise bottom-up, not top-down?
• Can effective champions be created, private sector coalitions
• Are corridors a pragmatic solution to RI?
• What does it mean to “accept non-implementation” starting
2. How to improve RI accountability &
• How to go beyond private sector as guest? Joint Institutions?
• Do they care?
• Can private sector be a monitor/driver of implementation?
• Role for regional desks in national planning entities or
ambassadors at RECs?
• PS opinion polls/rankings?
3. What can we draw for tripartite or APEI?
Lessons for national, RECs, EU,
other policy makers?