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EU and global food security: Donor or competitor?


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Brecht Lein, Junior Programme Officer, ECDPM
29 October 2013, Antwerp – UA.

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EU and global food security: Donor or competitor?

  1. 1. EU and global food security Donor or competitor? Brecht Lein, JPO ECDPM 29 October 2013, Antwerp – UA.
  2. 2. Content • Global food security: a fragile system • The EU as a development actor • Beyond aid: EU policy coherence for food security? • Food for thought: aligning parallel agendas ECDPM Page 2
  3. 3. 1. Global food security: a fragile system Deepening integration Agriculture-Energy-Financial markets… …in a resource constrained world… …made vulnerable by climate change. (Wise, T. 2012) Food price crises of 2007-08  Paradigm shift Away from: 1. Low investment in sustainable country-led small-scale agricultural development 2. Low support for publicly funded (LT) R&D 3. Reliance on international trade to meet domestic food needs (import dependence and declining local production in DCs) 4. Bias toward cash- or flex-crops for export over food production for local markets 5. Increasing land-use for non-food agricultural crops 6. Deregulation of commodity markets and speculation in agricultural products, staple food and land ECDPM Page 3
  4. 4. 2. EU as a development actor • Largest donor globally, incl. €1bln. per annum for FS and agricultural development since 2006 (IFPRI). • Largest L’Aquila pledge (2009, G8). • 1ST responses to crises: € • Food Security Thematic Programme (20072013): focus on R&D, transition situations and fragile states • €1bln Food Facility (2009-2011): bridging emergency aid – MT/LT development, focus on 49 most affected countries (SA&SSA) • A policy priority: MDG1, Consensus for Development (2005), Agenda for Change ECDPM Page 4
  5. 5. Strategic priorities for an EU-wide approach • • • EU Food Security Policy Framework (2010) EU Nutrition Policy Framework (2013) EU Resilience Policy Framework (2013) EU Food and Nutrition Security Implementation Plan (2013): 1. Improve smallholder resilience and 5. Enhance nutrition, in particular for rural livelihoods mothers, infants and children 2. Support effective governance 6. Enhance coordination between 3. Support regional agriculture and development and humanitarian food and nutrition security policies actors to build resilience and 4. Strengthen social protection promote sustainable food and mechanisms, particularly for nutrition security vulnerable populations ECDPM Page 5
  6. 6. 3. EU beyond aid: policy coherence for food security? • Biggest economy in the world • Largest agro-food importer and 2nd largest exporter • Over ¼ of the total fish caught by EU fishing vessels is caught outside EU waters. • EU market accounts for almost 90% of global biodiesel trade “EU impact on global food security goes beyond development programmes” Globalisation and liberalisation, the end of domestic policies; Economic costs of incoherent policies; Development effectiveness requires coherent policies ECDPM Page 6
  7. 7. PCD at the EU: (1992-2013) • Legal obligation: • • • Treaty of Maastricht (1992): “All EU policies should take into account the EU’s development objectives” Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (2008), Art. 208. Treaty on the EU (2010), Art. 21. • Political commitment: • • • EU Consensus on Development (2005)> 12 priority areas FAC, 2009: target PCD action to 5 priorities: T&F, CC, FS, MG, SC. FAC, 2012: “PCD is essential for the credibility of the EU as a global actor” + “a more evidence-based approach to improve monitoring, implementation and follow-up of PCD action” • Policy: • • ECDPM Agenda for Change: security and migration + “future MFF should reinforce PCD” PCD Work Programme (2010-2013) > PCD progress report 2013 Page 7
  8. 8. In practice: Despite targets in PCD Work Programme (20102013): • CAP reform refuses to monitor impact on developing countries • RED reform, proposed cap on food-based biofuels is set at current consumption levels • CFP reform fails to recognize impact of its internal dimension, EMFF likely to support fleet renewal EU Food Security objectives are hampered by its own policies on other areas. ECDPM Page 8
  9. 9. 4. Aligning parallel agendas • Strengthen the linkages between the development agenda and the PCD agendas on food security. • Clearer PCD food security objectives, targets and indicators. • Broaden the evidence-base of policy impacts on food security. • Give more political weight to development and food security objectives through institutional fine-tuning and PCD standard setting across different policy areas. ECDPM Page 9
  10. 10. Thank you Page 10