The Renaissance Slides

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The Renaissance Slides

  1. 1. The Renaissance, 1300-1600 Ch 17 Sunday, February 8, 2009
  2. 2. Italian Renaissance 17.1 Sunday, February 8, 2009
  3. 3. 17.1 Italy as birthplace Explain the three conditions in Italy that gave ✦ rise to the Renaissance Identify the values and ideas prized during the ✦ Renaissance Describe the artistic break-through and ✦ achievements of Renaissance artists Summarize influential literary works and ✦ techniques of key Renaissance writers Sunday, February 8, 2009
  4. 4. Conditions in Italy • Thriving cities Milan, Florence, Rome, Naples, Venice, Genoa, ✦ and Pisa • Wealthy merchant class Patrons of the arts ✦ the Medici ✦ • Classical heritage of Greece and Rome Ruins of Rome ✦ Latin manuscripts from Constantinople, 1453 ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  5. 5. Values and Ideas Medieval Values Renaissance Values GOD MAN Religiousity Secularism Supernatural Nature or Natural Faith Reason Communalism Individualism Rural Urban Original Sin Reason & Free Will Monasticism Civic Participation Sunday, February 8, 2009
  6. 6. Artistic achievements Sunday, February 8, 2009
  7. 7. Renaissance Literature Dante ✦ Inferno ✦ Vernacular ✦ Machiavelli ✦ The Prince ✦ Humanism ✦ Classicism ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  8. 8. Northern Renaissance 17.2 Sunday, February 8, 2009
  9. 9. Quiz 1. Who was selling indulgences? 2. Where did Luther post the 95 Thesis? 3. Who won the wars in germany between the Protestants and Catholics? 4. Who assembled the Spanish Armada? 5. What was the Act of Supremacy? Sunday, February 8, 2009
  10. 10. 17.2 Northern Renaissance Explain the origins and characteristics of the ✦ Northern Renaissance Trace the impact of the Renaissance on German ✦ and Flemish painters Profile key northern Renaissance writers ✦ Explain how printing spread Renaissance ideas ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  11. 11. England and France, after the 100 Years War, ✦ have strong central governments that sponsor the arts War in northern Italy drives artists out of Italy, ✦ north Northern Renaissance artists are more religious ✦ and more politically active than Italian artists Sunday, February 8, 2009
  12. 12. Albrecht Drurer Germany Sunday, February 8, 2009
  13. 13. Albrecht Drurer Germany Sunday, February 8, 2009
  14. 14. Hans Holbein Flanders Sunday, February 8, 2009
  15. 15. Hans Holbein Flanders Sunday, February 8, 2009
  16. 16. Jan van Eyck Sunday, February 8, 2009
  17. 17. Jan van Eyck Sunday, February 8, 2009
  18. 18. Pieter Bruegel Sunday, February 8, 2009
  19. 19. Pieter Bruegel Sunday, February 8, 2009
  20. 20. Northern Renaissance writers Erasmus, The Praise of Folly ✦ Thomas More, Utopia ✦ Shakespeare ✦ The Elizabethan Age ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  21. 21. Gutenberg Revolution Around 1045, movable-type printing in China ✦ Around 1440, movable-type printing in Germany ✦ Plays it’s first huge role in the Reformation! ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  22. 22. Luther Starts the Reformation 17.3 Sunday, February 8, 2009
  23. 23. 17.3 Luther Starts the Reformation Analyze historical forces and religious issues that ✦ sparked the Reformation Trace Martin Luther’s role in the religious ✦ movement to reform the Catholic Church Analyze the impact of Luther’s religious revolt ✦ Explain the spread of the Protestant faith to ✦ England during King Henry VIII’s reign Sunday, February 8, 2009
  24. 24. Causes of the Reformation The spread of Renaissance ideas and claims of ✦ corruption among the clergy undermine the Catholic Church’s authority In the 1200s and 1300s, John Wycliffe and John ✦ Huss criticize church practices In the late 1400s, Savonarola calls for church ✦ reforms Sunday, February 8, 2009
  25. 25. Luther Challenges the Church Martin Luther protests the sale of indulgences ✦ In 1517, Luther begins the Reformation in ✦ Wittenberg Luther teaches his views on the path to salvation ✦ and the interpretation of the Bible Sunday, February 8, 2009
  26. 26. Martin Luther Martin Luther (1483-1546) stands in history as ✦ one of those unique forces, an individual who by force of will and by his ideas changed the world fundamentally. He doesn’t represent a break with the past, ✦ but rather a flash-point Luther saw himself as a reformer within the ✦ Catholic church He saw himself as return Christianity to its ✦ historical roots Sunday, February 8, 2009
  27. 27. In 1521, Luther was summoned by Charles V to ✦ the Diet of Worms to stand trial. When urged to recant his ideas, Luther declared: ✦ quot;Since your majesty and your lordships desire a ✦ simple reply, I will answer without horns and without teeth. Unless I am convicted by scripture and plain reason - I do not accept the authority of popes and councils for they have contradicted each other - my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise, God help me. Amen.quot; Sunday, February 8, 2009
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  30. 30. The Response to Luther The pope excommunicates Luther ✦ The Holy Roman emperor declares Luther a ✦ heretic and outlaw German peasants revolt in 1524 ✦ The Holy Roman emperor wages war against the ✦ Protestant princes of Germany Peace of Augsburg, 1555 ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  31. 31. England Becomes Protestant The pope refuses to annul King Henry VIII’s ✦ marriage Henry asks Parliament to end the pope’s power ✦ in England Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy in 1534 ✦ Clashes over religious reform heighten when ✦ Henry’s heirs take the throne Elizabeth I returns England to Protestantism ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  32. 32. English vs German reasons Sunday, February 8, 2009
  33. 33. 17.4 The Reformation Continues Explain John Calvin’s Protestant teachings and ✦ their spread throughout northern and western Europe Describe the beliefs of other reformers and the ✦ roles of women in the Reformation Trace the reforms within the Catholic Church ✦ Sunday, February 8, 2009
  34. 34. Calvin Begins Another Protestant Church John Calvin creates a system of Protestant ✦ theology Calvin runs the city of Geneva as a theocracy ✦ Scottish, Swiss, Dutch, and French reformers ✦ adopt a Calvinist form of church organization Sunday, February 8, 2009
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