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Fall Final review

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Fall Final review

  1. 1. Fall Final Review
  2. 2. Psychology’s roots
  3. 3. Psychology: the scientific study of humanthought and behaviorintrospection > empiricismstructuralism > functionalism
  4. 4. Big IssuesNature vs NurtureStability vs ChangeContinuity vs Stages
  5. 5. Contemporary Psychology
  6. 6. Basic vs Applied Research?MA vs PhD vs PsyD?
  7. 7. Research
  8. 8. Case StudiesNaturalistic ObservationSurvey Correlational Study Longitudinal Study Cross-sectional Study
  9. 9. Experiment Independent vs Dependent variable? Operational definitions? Control vs Experimental condition? Significant difference?
  10. 10. EthicsNo unnecessary harmInformed consent/ Right of RefusalPrivacyDebriefing
  11. 11. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
  12. 12. Standard deviation isthe “mean of themeans”the smaller thedeviation, the moreclosely related all of theresultsthe larger thedeviation, the morecases at the extremes
  13. 13. NeuroPsych
  14. 14. Brain scansElectroencephalogramMagnetic Resonance ImagingComputer Assisted TomographyPositron Emission Tomography
  15. 15. Nature-Nurture
  16. 16. ParentingPermissiveAuthoritarianAuthoritative
  17. 17. Peers vs FamilyEffect of parenting is clearest at the extremesof GOOD and BAD parentingPeers fill in and flesh-out the middle
  18. 18. genderSocial Learning Theory says we learn byobserving, imitating, and being rewarded ofpunished.Gender Schema Theory combines sociallearning theory with our personal schemas ofwhat gender we are
  19. 19. Developmental Psych
  20. 20. zygote embryoembryo fetus
  21. 21. reflex vs instinct?maturationnewborn preference for voice & smell
  22. 22. Mary Ainsworth, Strange Situationsecure vs insecure vs disrupted attachment
  23. 23. Harry Harlow
  24. 24. Lawrence Kohlberg Stages of Moral Post-conventional Reasoning ConventionalMorality Pre-conventional Age
  25. 25. Primary vs Secondary sexual characteristics?
  26. 26. Elizabeth Kubler-Ross Stages of Death & Dying Acceptance Depression Bargaining AngerDenial Time
  27. 27. Sensation
  28. 28. vestibularkinesthetics
  29. 29. Perception
  30. 30. Depth perceptionvisual cliff testmonocular cues retinal disperity convergence
  31. 31. binocular cuesrelative size linear perspectiveinterposition light & shadowrelative claritytexture gradientrelative heightrelative motion
  32. 32. perceptual constancy(size, shape, color)size-distancerelationship
  33. 33. Perceptual adaptationPerceptual set
  34. 34. subliminal stimulation existssubliminal persuasion does not
  35. 35. Consciousness
  36. 36. melatonin & adenosine narcolepsy insomnianight terrorssleep apnea
  37. 37. Hypnosis• posthypnotic suggestions have limited applicability• recovered memories have little validity• results from dissociation/ divided consciousness or social influence
  38. 38. Drugs
  39. 39. Depressantsalcoholbarbituates (tranquilizers)opiates
  40. 40. StimulantsamphetaminesmethamphetaminescocaineEcstasy
  41. 41. HallucinogensLSDMarijuana
  42. 42. Learning
  43. 43. Classical Pavlovstimulus = stimulus
  44. 44. Operant SkinnerBehavior = consequence
  45. 45. ObservationBanduraBobo Doll monkey see, monkey do . . .
  46. 46. punishmentreinforcement positive vs negative
  47. 47. Ratio intervalfixed vs Interval
  48. 48. Memory
  49. 49. encoding
  50. 50. storage
  51. 51. retrieval
  52. 52. forgetting

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