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Ch 24 nationalism slides

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Slides to accompany Ch 24 of McDougal-Littell's World History: Patterns of Interaction

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Ch 24 nationalism slides

  1. 1. Nationalist Revolutions 1789-1900
  2. 2. Latin American Independence
  3. 3. • Describe how Haiti achieved independence • Toussaint L’Ouverture • General Jean-Jacques Dessalines • Identify influences in Latin America’s independence struggle • peninsulares, creoles, mulattos • King Joseph of Spain
  4. 4. Africans Creoles Indians Mestizos Mulattos Peninsulares
  5. 5. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulattos Africans Indians
  6. 6. • Describe how Bolivar and San Martin ended Spanish rule • Simon Bolivar in Venezuela • Jose de San Martin in Chile, and with Bolivar • Bolivar in Peru
  7. 7. • Explain the role that Native Americans and mestizos played in achieving independence • eg Mexico • Padre Miguel Hidalgo, “grito de delores” • Padre Jose Maria Morelos • Agustin de Iturbide • Show how Brazil’s liberation differed from other countries’ • Show the negative effects of independence
  8. 8. Revolutions in Europe
  9. 9. • Define “nationalism” • Describe how the nationalist spirit affected the Balkans • Revolt against the Ottoman Empire, which results in full independence for Greece
  10. 10. • Describe how revolutions and reforms affected Europe, especially France and Russia • 1830s and 1848, revolutions sweep Europe • 1848, French Republic formed • Louis-Napoleon is emperor within 4 years • Russia defeated in Crimean War, showing weakness of its industrial-complex • 1861, Czar Alexander II frees serfs, but successor tightens czarist control
  11. 11. 1821 1830 Revolts against the Old Order 1848
  12. 12. Nationalism
  13. 13. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
  14. 14. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory Prioritize: most important to least important
  15. 15. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
  16. 16. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory To what degree does the US have each element?
  17. 17. Nationalism • Nationality • History • Language • Religion • Culture • Territory
  18. 18. Cavour Unifies Italy • Mazzini attempts to unite Italy and free it from foreign rulers • Sardinia’s prime minister, Cavour, wins most of northern Italy from the Austrians • Cavour arranges to unite Italy under the Sardinian king • Following unification, Italy suffers severe political and economic problems
  19. 19. The Rise of Prussia • King William I of Prussia appoints Bismarck as prime minister • Bismarck goes to war to win two provinces from Denmark • The Prussians defeat the Austrians and gain control of a North German Confederation • Prussia defeats France, making Prussia the dominant force in Europe
  20. 20. Revolutions in Art
  21. 21. Romanticism • Literature • Goethe, Brothers Grimm, Victor Hugo • Gothic novel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Composers • Beethoven, Franz Listz, Mendelssohn, and Chopin
  22. 22. “When Romanticism the wedding with the prince was to be held, the two false sisters came, wanting to gain favor w ith Cinderella and to share her good fortune. Whe n the bridal couple walked into the • Literature church, the older sister walked on their right side an d the younger on their left side, and the • pigeons pecked out Grimm,from each of them. Goethe, Brothers one eye Victor Hugo ds, as they came out of the church, the Afterwarnovel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Gothic older on e was on the left side, and the younger e on the right side, and then the pigeons • Composers on pecked out the other eye from each of them. And • thus, for their wickeListz, Mendelssohn, they Chopin Beethoven, Franz dness and falsehood, and were pu nished with blindness as long as they lived.”
  23. 23. Romanticism • Literature • Goethe, Brothers Grimm, Victor Hugo • Gothic novel, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein • Composers • Beethoven, Franz Listz, Mendelssohn, and Chopin
  24. 24. Realism • daguerreotypes • Novels by Honore de Balzac, Emile Zola, and Charles Dickens
  25. 25. Impressionism • Painters such as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Renoir • Composers such as Ravel and Debussy

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