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Rome
C h a p t e r 6
How did the Etruscans influence early Rome?
Why did Rome and Carthage fight the Punic Wars?
How did the Roman Republic come ...
Principles of Roman
     Numerals
I               1
          V              5
          X              10
          L              50
          C          ...
Write from left to right, with the largest
number first.

    XI

    CV
The largest numeral possible is used at each
stage.

    V not IIIII

    C not LL
No more than three of the same adjacent
numeral

    IX not VIIII
A smaller number is placed to the left of a
larger to indicate subtraction.

The smaller number must be a power of ten (I,...
Arabic   Roman
 314

         XXIII

 58

          CIX

 782
Arabic   Roman
 314     CCCXIV

         XXIII

 58

          CIX

 782
Arabic   Roman
 314     CCCXIV

 23      XXIII

 58

          CIX

 782
Arabic   Roman
 314     CCCXIV

 23      XXIII

 58      LVIII

          CIX

 782
Arabic   Roman
 314     CCCXIV

 23      XXIII

 58      LVIII

 109      CIX

 782
Arabic    Roman
 314      CCCXIV

 23       XXIII

 58        LVIII

 109       CIX

 782     DCCLXXXII
Arabic   Roman
1776

         MCDXCII

 49

         MCMXCII

2008
Arabic    Roman
1776     MDCCLXXVI

         MCDXCII

 49

         MCMXCII

2008
Arabic    Roman
1776     MDCCLXXVI

 1492    MCDXCII

 49

         MCMXCII

2008
Arabic    Roman
1776     MDCCLXXVI

 1492    MCDXCII

 49         IL

         MCMXCII

2008
Arabic    Roman
1776     MDCCLXXVI

 1492    MCDXCII

 49         IL

 1992    MCMXCII

2008
Arabic    Roman
1776     MDCCLXXVI

 1492    MCDXCII

 49         IL

 1992    MCMXCII

2008      MMVIII
Arabic   Roman
  17

         XXXIII

 64

         CCCLIV

1056
Arabic   Roman
  17      XVII

 33      XXXIII

 64       LXIV

 354     CCCLIV

1056      MLVI
Leadership
Qualities of a   Qualities of a
Good leader       Bad leader
Examples of a   Examples of a
 Good leader     Bad leader
Good leaders are
Charismatic    Strategic

Organized      Experienced

Industrious    Confident

Articulate     Respectful
...
The Roman
 Republic
Aeneas escapes Troy

His son, Lulus,
founds Alba Longa

several generations
later, the twins,
Romulus & Remus,
are born

R...
The Etruscans


Etruscan kings had imperium within Rome

Patricians

Plebians
Rape of Lucretia
Res Republica
           Romana
509 - 49 BCE

Senatus Populusque Romanas

    Two consuls with imperium

    Dictator duri...
Lex Duodecim
             Tabularum
I.    Civil Procedures     VII. Real Property

II.   Civil Procedures     VIII. Torts
...
The Twelve Tables
The Twelve Tables
The Twelve Tables
The Twelve Tables
The Twelve Tables
The Twelve Tables
Punic Wars

264-241 BCE   First Punic War

238 BCE       Rome seizes Sardinia & Corsica

218-202 BCE   Second Punic War

1...
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Remains of Rome
Not everyone
 liked living
under Roman
    rule ...
Virgil, The Aeneid
           6.981-984
“Others, doubtless, will mould lifelike bronze with

greater delicacy, will win from marble the look of life,

will plead ...
“Others, doubtless, will mould lifelike bronze with

greater delicacy, will win from marble the look of life,

will plead ...
“All roads lead to Rome.”

               What does this mean?
Career paths
 in ancient
    Rome
Rome


Executive     Consuls, 1 yr term

              Senate
Legislature   Centurate Assembly
              Tribal Assemb...
Rome


Executive     Consuls, 1 yr term
                                          Recommend changes
              Senate  ...
Rome                           US


Executive     Consuls, 1 yr term          President, 4 yr term

              Senate  ...
The Roman
  Empire
Formulate a possible response from the
Roman senators in February 49 BCE
that would have preserved the Roman
Republic.

Di...
Imperium Romana
49 BCE - 476 CE

Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon in 49 BCE
Imperium Romana
49 BCE - 476 CE

Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon in 49 BCE
Why gladiatorial games?
The Rise of
Christianity
Rise of Christianity
  Leader      Religious influence

              spread message of love; believed
  Jesus
            ...
1. Why did people believe Jesus was the Messiah?

2. Why was Jesus put to death?

3. How did Christianity spread through t...
The Fall of the
 Roman Empire
Population of Rome
   100 BCE - 1900 CE
Rome and
Western
Culture
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Pompeii, 79 CE
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
Legacy of Rome

Latin

Aqueducts

Roads

Roman legal system

Christianity
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  1. 1. Rome C h a p t e r 6
  2. 2. How did the Etruscans influence early Rome? Why did Rome and Carthage fight the Punic Wars? How did the Roman Republic come to an end? What role did cities play in the Roman Empire? How did a Catholic Church emerge from early Christianity? How did the Roman Empire change under Diocletian and Constantine? Why did the Roman Empire collapse?
  3. 3. Principles of Roman Numerals
  4. 4. I 1 V 5 X 10 L 50 C 100 D 500 M 1000 http://ostermiller.org/calc/roman.html
  5. 5. Write from left to right, with the largest number first. XI CV
  6. 6. The largest numeral possible is used at each stage. V not IIIII C not LL
  7. 7. No more than three of the same adjacent numeral IX not VIIII
  8. 8. A smaller number is placed to the left of a larger to indicate subtraction. The smaller number must be a power of ten (I, X, C) IX for 9 XM for 990
  9. 9. Arabic Roman 314 XXIII 58 CIX 782
  10. 10. Arabic Roman 314 CCCXIV XXIII 58 CIX 782
  11. 11. Arabic Roman 314 CCCXIV 23 XXIII 58 CIX 782
  12. 12. Arabic Roman 314 CCCXIV 23 XXIII 58 LVIII CIX 782
  13. 13. Arabic Roman 314 CCCXIV 23 XXIII 58 LVIII 109 CIX 782
  14. 14. Arabic Roman 314 CCCXIV 23 XXIII 58 LVIII 109 CIX 782 DCCLXXXII
  15. 15. Arabic Roman 1776 MCDXCII 49 MCMXCII 2008
  16. 16. Arabic Roman 1776 MDCCLXXVI MCDXCII 49 MCMXCII 2008
  17. 17. Arabic Roman 1776 MDCCLXXVI 1492 MCDXCII 49 MCMXCII 2008
  18. 18. Arabic Roman 1776 MDCCLXXVI 1492 MCDXCII 49 IL MCMXCII 2008
  19. 19. Arabic Roman 1776 MDCCLXXVI 1492 MCDXCII 49 IL 1992 MCMXCII 2008
  20. 20. Arabic Roman 1776 MDCCLXXVI 1492 MCDXCII 49 IL 1992 MCMXCII 2008 MMVIII
  21. 21. Arabic Roman 17 XXXIII 64 CCCLIV 1056
  22. 22. Arabic Roman 17 XVII 33 XXXIII 64 LXIV 354 CCCLIV 1056 MLVI
  23. 23. Leadership
  24. 24. Qualities of a Qualities of a Good leader Bad leader
  25. 25. Examples of a Examples of a Good leader Bad leader
  26. 26. Good leaders are Charismatic Strategic Organized Experienced Industrious Confident Articulate Respectful Motivational Ethical
  27. 27. The Roman Republic
  28. 28. Aeneas escapes Troy His son, Lulus, founds Alba Longa several generations later, the twins, Romulus & Remus, are born Romulus founds Rome
  29. 29. The Etruscans Etruscan kings had imperium within Rome Patricians Plebians
  30. 30. Rape of Lucretia
  31. 31. Res Republica Romana 509 - 49 BCE Senatus Populusque Romanas Two consuls with imperium Dictator during emergencies Praetor as magistrate
  32. 32. Lex Duodecim Tabularum I. Civil Procedures VII. Real Property II. Civil Procedures VIII. Torts III. Debt IX. Constitutional principles IV. Parents and children X. Funeral regulations V. Inheritance XI. Marriage VI. Property XII. Crimes
  33. 33. The Twelve Tables
  34. 34. The Twelve Tables
  35. 35. The Twelve Tables
  36. 36. The Twelve Tables
  37. 37. The Twelve Tables
  38. 38. The Twelve Tables
  39. 39. Punic Wars 264-241 BCE First Punic War 238 BCE Rome seizes Sardinia & Corsica 218-202 BCE Second Punic War 149-146 BCE Third Punic War 146 BCE destruction of Carthage
  40. 40. Remains of Rome
  41. 41. Remains of Rome
  42. 42. Remains of Rome
  43. 43. Remains of Rome
  44. 44. Remains of Rome
  45. 45. Remains of Rome
  46. 46. Remains of Rome
  47. 47. Remains of Rome
  48. 48. Remains of Rome
  49. 49. Not everyone liked living under Roman rule ...
  50. 50. Virgil, The Aeneid 6.981-984
  51. 51. “Others, doubtless, will mould lifelike bronze with greater delicacy, will win from marble the look of life, will plead cases better, chart the motions of the sky with the rod and foretell the risings of the stars. Virgil, The Aeneid 6.981-984
  52. 52. “Others, doubtless, will mould lifelike bronze with greater delicacy, will win from marble the look of life, will plead cases better, chart the motions of the sky with the rod and foretell the risings of the stars. “Roman, remember by your strength to rule Earth’s people—for your arts are to be these: To pacify, to impose the rule of law, To spare the conquered, and crush the proud.” Virgil, The Aeneid 6.981-984
  53. 53. “All roads lead to Rome.” What does this mean?
  54. 54. Career paths in ancient Rome
  55. 55. Rome Executive Consuls, 1 yr term Senate Legislature Centurate Assembly Tribal Assembly Praetors, 8 judges chosen Judicial by Centurate Assembly Legal Code Twelve Tables All adult male Citizenship landowners
  56. 56. Rome Executive Consuls, 1 yr term Recommend changes Senate to the Roman Legislature Centurate Assembly Republic that would Tribal Assembly preserve what representative Praetors, 8 judges chosen Judicial democracy it has and by Centurate Assembly prevent the fall of the Republic. Legal Code Twelve Tables All adult male Citizenship landowners
  57. 57. Rome US Executive Consuls, 1 yr term President, 4 yr term Senate Senate Legislature Centurate Assembly House of Tribal Assembly Representatives Praetors, 8 judges chosen Supreme Court, appointed Judicial by Centurate Assembly for life by President Legal Code Twelve Tables US Constitution All adult male All native-born or Citizenship landowners naturalized adults
  58. 58. The Roman Empire
  59. 59. Formulate a possible response from the Roman senators in February 49 BCE that would have preserved the Roman Republic. Discuss with a neighbor; bullet-point suggestions to save the Republic.
  60. 60. Imperium Romana 49 BCE - 476 CE Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon in 49 BCE
  61. 61. Imperium Romana 49 BCE - 476 CE Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon in 49 BCE
  62. 62. Why gladiatorial games?
  63. 63. The Rise of Christianity
  64. 64. Rise of Christianity Leader Religious influence spread message of love; believed Jesus by many to be Messiah Peter Paul Constantine
  65. 65. 1. Why did people believe Jesus was the Messiah? 2. Why was Jesus put to death? 3. How did Christianity spread through the empire? 4. What & why was the Jewish Diaspora? 5. Why did Christianity spread? 6. How was the Church organized?
  66. 66. The Fall of the Roman Empire
  67. 67. Population of Rome 100 BCE - 1900 CE
  68. 68. Rome and Western Culture
  69. 69. Pompeii, 79 CE
  70. 70. Pompeii, 79 CE
  71. 71. Pompeii, 79 CE
  72. 72. Pompeii, 79 CE
  73. 73. Pompeii, 79 CE
  74. 74. Pompeii, 79 CE
  75. 75. Pompeii, 79 CE
  76. 76. Pompeii, 79 CE
  77. 77. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  78. 78. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  79. 79. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  80. 80. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  81. 81. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  82. 82. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  83. 83. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity
  84. 84. Legacy of Rome Latin Aqueducts Roads Roman legal system Christianity

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