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Achievement Slides

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Achievement Slides

  1. 1. Achievement Motivation m36
  2. 2. Objectives Students should be able to Describe the nature and sources of achievement motivation Describe how projective tests might assess achievement motivation Contrast task vs. social leaders Distinguish bet ween Theory X and Theory Y leaders
  3. 3. Achievement Motivation Defined as a high need for achievement (Henry Murray, 1938). Achievement is personally and culturally defined. Western examples? Eastern examples?
  4. 4. Common traits of individuals with high achievement motivation: Attribute success to own skill & effort Persistent Self-disciplined Willing to dedicate many hours to achieving a single goal
  5. 5. Sources of achievement motivation include Emotions: you associate positive emotions with achievement Cognitive: attribute success to own efforts Birth order?? Alfred Adler believed he saw a positive correlation bet ween birth order and achievement motivation
  6. 6. Sources of achievement motivation: Internal motivation Personal satisfaction External motivation External reward – or avoiding punishment
  7. 7. io at c Sources of achievement motivation: ifi st ju Internal motivation er v O Personal satisfaction ct e e External motivation n External reward – or avoiding punishment
  8. 8. Projective Tests David McClelland and John Atkinson developed projective tests to measure achievement motivation.
  9. 9. Rotter Incomplete Sentence Test Here one is given a series of incomplete sentences that they are supposed to finish. By grouping and analyzing your responses, a psychologist is able to make some judgments about your psychological state. I feel . . . I regret . . . Other people . . . It bothers me when . . .
  10. 10. Rorshach Inkblot Test The Rorschach is perhaps the most famous projective test. Again, a psychologists would analyze the general tone of responses as well as whether they use the entire image or only a portion of the image.
  11. 11. Rorshach Inkblot Test The Rorschach is perhaps the most famous projective test. Again, a psychologists would analyze the general tone of responses as well as whether they use the entire image or only a portion of the image.
  12. 12. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  13. 13. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  14. 14. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  15. 15. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  16. 16. Task vs Social Leadership Task Leadership is specific, targeted, goal- oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention and effort. They usually use a directive style. A leader delegating small tasks to get the group’s STD poster done
  17. 17. Social Leadership is group-oriented; it builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support. It is usually more democratic. A coach providing inspirational talks that motivate a group to work harder
  18. 18. Theory X Theory Y Douglas McGregor (1960): Our world-view affects how we lead. Some people have the world-view that workers are lazy, error-prone, and only motivated by money - Theory X managers Others have the world-view that people are intrinsically motivated to be creative, helpful, and to build their self-esteem

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