Chem 496 Fall 2008 9 12 08


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Chem 496 Fall 2008 9 12 08

  1. 1. Introduction to the Chemical Literature and Library Research CHEM 496 September 15, 2008 Elizabeth Brown [email_address] (607)777-4882 LN-2303
  2. 2. How are Journals and Magazines Different? <ul><li>Scholarly Journals, Peer-reviewed Journals, Research Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed by scientists and researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>Articles have been selected and published from submissions. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular Journals, Magazines, Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>NOT peer –reviewed. </li></ul><ul><li>Submissions are accepted and corrected grammatically. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific content of the article is not evaluated. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chemical and Scientific Literature <ul><li>Primary Literature : original research results and data. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal articles, dissertations, patents, research reports, journal article supplementary material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Research @ BU </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary Literature <ul><li>Analyzed, summarized, synthesized data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexes and abstracts of the scientific literature – Scifinder Scholar, INSPEC, Web of Science </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Tertiary Literature <ul><li>Collections of previously published material, data, and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbooks, Review articles, Handbooks, Encyclopedias </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How Are Scientific Papers Published? <ul><li>Scholarly articles go through the peer review process : </li></ul><ul><li>Articles submitted to a journal by researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Referees (reviewers) chosen to read submissions and judge quality of the research in the manuscript </li></ul><ul><li>Referees - senior researchers, tenured professors </li></ul><ul><li>Several referees evaluate each submitted article </li></ul><ul><li>Referees evaluate the manuscripts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reject a submission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recommend changes be made before publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>accept the paper without changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Depending on selectivity and prestige of a journal, acceptance of a paper can be either very selective or non-selective </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prestigious Journals in Chemistry – Some Examples
  8. 8. Types of Research Articles - Letters <ul><li>Letter (or Communication) (1-2 pages) </li></ul><ul><li>Short article on a new research discovery or breakthrough </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a single experiment or idea is discussed </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the letter discusses the importance of the results shown </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Research Articles – Journal Articles <ul><li>Journal Article (or Article) (5-20 pages) </li></ul><ul><li>Medium-length summary of a series of research experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Most common-type of peer-review publication </li></ul><ul><li>Usually written within one research group, but frequently collaborators in different labs and departments work together </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Journal Articles – Review Articles <ul><li>Review Article </li></ul><ul><li>Long review of developments in a general research field, usually 100 pages or more. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually written by one author, someone well known and respected in that field. </li></ul><ul><li>Will have many references to previous journal literature articles (over 100 references total.) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Locating Print Journals in the Libraries <ul><li>Search infoLINK Library catalog for journal titles </li></ul><ul><li>Most pre-1990 print journals are in the Library Annex </li></ul><ul><li>Request Annex items online </li></ul><ul><li>ILLiad Interlibrary Loan for items not in infoLINK </li></ul>
  12. 12. How do I find Journal Articles? <ul><li>Scifinder Scholar (Chemical Abstracts Online) </li></ul><ul><li>Indexes chemical research in universities, national labs, and chemical industry </li></ul><ul><li>Contains journal articles, conference proceedings papers, and patents </li></ul><ul><li>Over 27 million documents are indexed from 10,000 chemistry and chemistry-related journals </li></ul><ul><li>Covers research from 1907 to the present in Chemistry, Chemical Technology, Biochemistry, Materials Science </li></ul><ul><li>Published by Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), a division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Using Scifinder Scholar <ul><li>Databases: </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical Abstracts – chemistry journal literature </li></ul><ul><li>Medline – medical journal literature </li></ul><ul><li>CAS Registry: 33 million organic and inorganic substances, 50 million genetic sequences </li></ul><ul><li>Casreact: 14 million single and multi-step reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Chemcats: catalogs of commercially available chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Chemlist: chemical regulations </li></ul>
  14. 14. Scifinder Searching <ul><li>Explore by Research Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing Results </li></ul><ul><li>Explore by Author Name </li></ul><ul><li>Explore by Chemical Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Locate by Bibliographic Information </li></ul><ul><li>Printing and Saving Results </li></ul>
  15. 15. I. Explore by Research Topic <ul><li>Select Explore </li></ul><ul><li>Select Research Topic </li></ul>
  16. 17. Topic Candidates
  17. 19. II. Analyze Results
  18. 20. Analyze Results
  19. 21. III. Explore by Author Name
  20. 22. IV. Explore by Chemical Structure
  21. 23. Explore by Chemical Structure
  22. 25. Other Chemical Literature Databases <ul><li>MDL Crossfire Commander 7.0 (Beilstein Crossfire) organic chemical preparations, reactions, and properties </li></ul><ul><li>BIOSIS – biochemistry, medicinal chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Index (Compendex) – mechanical engineering, civil engineering, conference papers </li></ul><ul><li>INSPEC – physical chemistry, materials science, electrical engineering, computer science, information technology, conference proceedings papers </li></ul><ul><li>MEDLINE – biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical and drug developments </li></ul><ul><li>Web of Science – interdisciplinary areas, keyword and phrase searching </li></ul>
  23. 26. Journal Articles Online <ul><li>metaLINK </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry Subject Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Publisher web sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Chemical Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Royal Society of Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ScienceDirect (Elsevier) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wiley Interscience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SpringerLINK </li></ul></ul>
  24. 27. Citing the Chemical Literature <ul><li>Coghill, Anne M. and Lorrin R. Garson, The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information , 3 rd ed., ACS Publications, 2006 Science Library Reserves QD8.5 .A25 2006 </li></ul>
  25. 28. Chemical Spectra <ul><li>The Aldrich library of C13 and H NMR spectra QD96.F68 P67 1993 (Science Reference) </li></ul><ul><li>The Aldrich library of NMR spectra QD96.N8 P68 1983 (Science Reference) </li></ul><ul><li>The Sigma library of FT-IR spectra QD96.I5 K45 1986 (Science Reference) </li></ul><ul><li>Sadtler Research Laboratories Spectra Series (green binding): Absorbance, IR, NMR (Science Lib. Indexes) </li></ul>
  26. 29. Web of Science <ul><li>1983-2008 </li></ul><ul><li>8,600+ journals total </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical and Life Sciences – 6,100 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social sciences – 1,790 titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & humanities – 1,125 titles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>journal articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>conference proceedings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>book and product reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  27. 30. 2004 Cited References 2000 1998 2001 1993 2003 Times Cited Related Records 2003 2004 1999 2002 1994 2004  Citing  From just a single record within the Web of Science, expand your search by simply following the links designed to drive discovery. … moving Backward in time via Cited References , Forward in time via Times Cited , and through Related Records .