Clauses And Phrase


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This powerpoint is a review of clauses and phrases for test preparation.

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  • Adjective Adverb Adjective Prepositional Prepositional Adverb Prepositional Adverb
  • Clauses And Phrase

    1. 1. Clauses and Phrase
    2. 2. Phrases <ul><li>Phrases - a group of words. There are three types of phrases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepositional - starts with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. It will never contain the subject or verb of the sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjectival Phrase - phrase that acts as an adjective and modifies a noun. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial Phrase - phrase that acts as an adverb and modifies a verb. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Practice: <ul><li>Identify the phrase as adjectival, adverbial, or prepositional. </li></ul><ul><li>1. It is of no use . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Joe buys flowers for his wife every week . </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sunday is the longest day . </li></ul><ul><li>4. I can’t finish the report without the numbers . </li></ul><ul><li>5. I was whisked into a secret chamber . </li></ul><ul><li>6. Toby placed the chair next to the window . </li></ul><ul><li>7. The local police are talking to Tom . </li></ul><ul><li>8. We hardly ever use the microwave. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Clauses <ul><li>Clauses - a group of words containing a subject and verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Independent - can stand alone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Dependent - cannot stand alone and contains a subordinating conjunction. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Sentences <ul><li>Simple- contains one independent clause. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The class was very boring. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound- contains two independent clauses separated by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. </li></ul><ul><li>The class was very boring , but it was very important. </li></ul>S V S V V S
    6. 6. Sentences (Cont) <ul><li>3. Complex- contains an independent clause and a dependent clause as well as a subordinating conjunction. </li></ul><ul><li>As the students were watching the movie, </li></ul><ul><li> the teacher left the class. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher left the class as the students </li></ul><ul><li>were watching the movie. </li></ul>Dep. + Indep. S S V V Indep. + Dep.
    7. 7. Video- Clauses
    8. 8. Practice <ul><li>Worksheet- review </li></ul><ul><li>Game- partners: create simple, compound, and complex sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Game- musical sentences </li></ul>
    9. 9. Dependent Clauses <ul><li>Dependent clauses are off set by a subordinating conjunction- it is due to this conjunction that the clause is considered dependent. There are three different types of dependent clauses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adverb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Noun </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Adverb Clauses <ul><li>Acts as an adverb- modifies a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinating Conjunctions: After, Although, As, Before, Because, If, Since, Until, When, While </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The elevator will not move until the doors are closed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one may enter the room while the red light is on. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Adjective Clauses <ul><li>Acts as an adjective- modifies a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinating Conjunctions: That, Which, Who, Whom, Whose </li></ul><ul><li>- Who, Whom, Whose= Describe People </li></ul><ul><li>- That, Which = Describe Things. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Dad needs a secretary who can speak Portuguese . </li></ul><ul><li>Grandpa still had the first dollar that he ever earned. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Noun Clauses <ul><li>Acts as a noun or replaces a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinating Conjunctions: who, whom, what, which, whoever, whomever, whatever, when, whether, where, how, why. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What happened next surprised us all. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The real surprise is how the movie ends. </li></ul></ul>