Basics Of Geographic Study


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Basics Of Geographic Study

  2. 2. What Does a Geographer Do? <ul><li>Using the most basic of definitions, a geographer’s job is to ask questions to gain knowledge about the earth, its people, and the interaction of both. </li></ul>
  3. 3. There Are Two Subsets of Geography <ul><li>Physical Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This field focuses on what forms the natural environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: The study of the location and effect of mountains, oceans, rivers, and such </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Geography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This field focuses on what shapes human interaction with the environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: The study of how one culture develops in one place while another culture develops in another </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. What is a Geographer? <ul><li>A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth's physical environment and human habitat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Sorts of Questions Do Physical Geographer’s Ask? <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How large is it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it here? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it get here? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it changing? </li></ul><ul><li>What would it be like in the future? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What Sorts of Questions Do Human Geographer’s Ask? <ul><li>Who are the ancestor’s of these people? </li></ul><ul><li>When did these people arrive? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did these people come here? </li></ul><ul><li>What problems do these people face? </li></ul><ul><li>How do these people care for themselves? </li></ul><ul><li>Where are these people going? </li></ul><ul><li>What causes these people to survive? </li></ul><ul><li>What causes these people to fail? </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Most Important Question a Geographer Will Ask Is… <ul><li>WHY? </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are the Five Key Themes for Geography? <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><li>Human-Environment Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Regions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Location <ul><li>Location is a position or point that occupies some of the Earth’s surface </li></ul><ul><li>Location is defined in two terms: absolute location and relative location </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute location refers to the latitude and longitude coordinates of a certain place </li></ul><ul><li>Relative location refers to the location of one place in relation to its surroundings </li></ul>
  10. 10. Place <ul><li>Place refers to both the human and the physical characteristics of a location </li></ul><ul><li>Physical characteristics might include mountains, rivers, soil, beaches, wildlife, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Human characteristics result in the ideas and actions of people that change the environment, e.g. roads, buildings, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The images we create about a place are based on experience, both intellectual and emotional </li></ul>
  11. 11. Human-Environment Interaction <ul><li>There are three key concepts to H-E Interaction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans adapt to their environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans modify their environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans depend on their environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Humans both shape and are shaped by the physical and human characteristics of their environment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Movement <ul><li>Movement refers to the transportation of people, goods, and ideas throughout the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As people travel from one location to another they bring with them and transmit their ideals and understandings with those that they interact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As goods are exported and imported throughout the world’s nations, the world becomes smaller and nations become more dependent on outside sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As technology improvements increase, so do the dissemination of ideas throughout the world </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Regions <ul><li>There are three types of regions: formal, functional, and vernacular </li></ul><ul><li>Formal regions are those regions that are specifically spelled out by government bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Functional regions are those regions that exist because they serve a particular function, such as school boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Vernacular regions are those regions that are very loosely defined by people’s understanding, e.g. The South or The Middle East </li></ul>
  14. 14. Assignment <ul><li>Define: absolute location </li></ul><ul><li>Define: relative location </li></ul><ul><li>Using the absolute location coordinates provided below, name the following countries/places: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>0° N, 90° W </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40° N, 140° E </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using relative location, describe the location of the following places: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul></ul>