Developing and utilizing Web2.0-based Personal Learning Environments (PLEs) in educational settings is becoming a promising area of development in e-Learning. While the concept of student’s control appears to be an essential and defensible aim of PLEs, there is little consensus regarding what this concept means and how students can attain control over their Web2.0-based PLEs. In this paper a conceptual framework for building Web2.0-based PLEs is proposed. The framework consists of four main elements: learning potential of Web2.0 tools and services, project-based teaching approach, student’s control model, and technology enhanced learning activities. Considering student’s control as the core part of PLEs, the main intention of the framework is to establish a roadmap for teachers that would help them define appropriate technology enhanced learning activities supporting such processes. The students then can accomplish these learning activities to develop their PLEs and complete their learning projects.