Qualitative methods

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Slides from a lecture on the basic elements of qualitative research

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  • Qualitative methods

    1. 1. Qualitative Methods<br />Why would we use them?<br />What are they like?<br />How do we assure validity?<br />
    2. 2. Some elaboration on Table 13.1<br />Quantitative Research<br />Qualitative Research<br />Emphasis on prediction and regular patterns<br />Testing hypotheses with an eye to falsification<br />When random sampling is used, generalizable results are obtained<br />Report: Statistical in nature, with significance tests and graphs<br />Emphasis on understanding patterns within contexts<br />Generating and verifying hypothesized explanations<br />Results are generalized by approximation to the traits of the participants studied<br />Report: Rich narrative with direct quotations. May also have graphs or counts.<br />
    3. 3. Table 13.2 – Ways that Qualitative Research is Distinct<br />
    4. 4. Design – compare with experimental designs<br />
    5. 5. Data collection – Compare with Measurement chapters<br />
    6. 6. Analysis Strategies - compare with statistical analysis<br />
    7. 7. Think and Talk – Qualitative Possibilities in Quantitative Studies<br />Milgram’s obedience studies<br />The design of survey questions(do they capture the full richness of the answer?)<br />The language acquisition studies (Chinese and American language)<br />The Hole in the Wall Studies<br />The Change-Blindness study<br />
    8. 8. Validity in Qualitative Research<br />
    9. 9. Table 13.3 – Code the indicators<br />Descriptive validity<br />Investigator triangulation<br />Interpretive validity<br />Participant feedback<br />Low-inference descriptors (define “low inference”)<br />Theoretical validity<br />Extended fieldwork<br />Theory triangulation<br />Pattern matching<br />Peer review<br />
    10. 10. Table 13.3 – Code the indicators<br />Internal validity(compare with experimental designs)<br />(Explain ideographic vsnomological causation)<br />Researcher-as-detective<br />Methods triangulation<br />Data triangulation<br />External validity (compare with experimental designs)<br />Naturalistic generalization<br />Theoretical generalization<br />
    11. 11. Examples<br />FIRST<br />Previously viewed: Research on girls’ video games <br />SECOND<br />Mixed methods: A Girl like me<br />Qualitative researchis used often in nursing and health careresearch, as well as in anthropology, sociology, women’s studies, cultural studies, and political science. <br />
    12. 12. Qualitative Methods<br />Coming next:<br />Particular qualitative approaches<br />

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