Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Implications for Information Design
Information Design implications for Americans withDisabilities Act (ADA)
Agenda› ADA Background› Designing ADA complaint Instructional Messages› Examples› Summary› Next Steps
Did you know… 43M• # of people in the United States with a disability 25• % of population who are hearing or vision impaired 33• % of college graduates age 25-64 with a disability
History of ADA •Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act prevents discrimination1973 against individuals with disabilities. It provides that • President George H. W. Bush signs the Americans with Disabilities Act • Education for All Handicapped Children Act amended and renamed the1990 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) • Supreme Court decides that individuals with disabilities1999 must be offered services in the most integrated setting • Youth Information Centers (YICs) created to be run by2004 and for youth and emerging leaders with disabilities • K-12 public school students now taught the history of2006 the disability rights movement
ADA definition of a Disability Impairment Physical or substantially mental limits one or impairment more major life activities Individuals Individual is has a regarded as record of having such such an impairment impairment
Disabilities that affect LearnersLearning Disabilities Physical Disabilities Psychological and Medical Disabilities Hearing Impairments Visual ImpairmentsCommunication Disorders
Keeping ADA in mind…› Properly designed messages should accommodate all students needs› Employ Universal Instructional Design – Include alternatives to make it accessible and applicable to students with different backgrounds, learning styles, abilities, and disabilities
ADA vs UID› Accommodate on › Reduce barriers for a case-by-case all› Individual › Few individual accommodations accommodations needed needed› Accommodations › Inclusive delivery made after built in as content is content is developed developed › Minimal extra work› Extra work required during delivery during delivery
Text Presentation› Avoid using very small font sizes› Use large, high contrast text to help students with low vision.
Image and Text› If you include an image, add an alternative text label for that image via the “Format Picture” option.
Color Presentation› Follow Tufte’s (1990) principles of using color – Bright and strong colors – Contrasting light – Colors in backgrounds – Unifying colors
Content and Organization› Use text for hyperlinks that make sense when read out of context; avoid "click here"› Accommodate students with learning disabilities by organizing information – Blocks of texts – Headings
Example› Imagine conducting a workshop on the importance of ADA compliance in the workplace and you show a video...
Violations of ADA› Background images are not properly organized› Text is not consistent and sometimes too small› It does not have an audio component
Summary› To accommodate learners who are visually impaired: – Enhanced verbal descriptions – Presentation outlines include text – Video presentations include audio
External Resources› Designing Instructional Messages – ADA and classroom instruction – UCONN ADA Fact Sheet – ADA Official Website› Blackboard’s self-paced accessibility course – Universal Design and Accessibility