Linear B

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  • Linear B
  • Linear B

    1. 1.     Linear B The Mysterious Language By Elizabeth, Kate and Zander
    2. 2. O.K. everyone, decode this Linear B tablet now.   Any luck yet? I have given you 15 seconds so you should have an answer. How are you going to do it? What does it say? Do you feel like a failure because you can't figure it out? Well, that's how Alice Kober and Michael Ventris felt when they first started deciphering.Without them, no one would know what                                                                the tablet says today.                                                               Let's not waste any more                                                              time waiting for you to                                                               figure it out and get on                                                               with the lesson. 
    3. 3. The Language..... Kate <ul><li>On ancient Crete, there were three types of writing, Pictures, Linear A and Linear B. </li></ul><ul><li>The pictures were used from 2,000-1,650 B.C. Only pictures of things. </li></ul><ul><li>Linear A was used from </li></ul><ul><li>1,750-1,450 B.C. Linear A was </li></ul><ul><li>mostly made up of lines. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>                                                </li></ul><ul><li>      (Linear A tablet)          </li></ul><ul><li>  Linear B was from 1,450-1,375 </li></ul><ul><li>B.C. Linear B seemed to be a </li></ul><ul><li>less complex form of Linear A. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>           </li></ul><ul><li>             (Linear B tablet)         </li></ul><ul><li>                                                                                            </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    4. 4. Why Linear B was Chosen to be Deciphered..........Kate <ul><li>The language that archaeologists chose to decipher was Linear B, because it was the least confusing and looked the most like words we use today.  Linear B has a syllable alphabet with a consonant to vowel or just a vowel like a,e,i,o,u or ja,je,ji,jo,ju. when they found Linear B, it was written on clay tablets that were preserved by a fire. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    5. 5. Linear B Alphabet ............Kate <ul><li>The next page is the Linear B alphabet. You can find the syllables by using letters in the columns and rows. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, if you want to </li></ul><ul><li>find ma , you would look on </li></ul><ul><li>the m row and the a column. </li></ul>
    6. 6. In linear B the alphabet also has shapes/signs used to make words easier to understand.
    7. 7. Where Linear B was found......Zander <ul><li>Linear B tablets were mainly found in the colossal castle known as Knossos.  Linear B was also found in a castle on the south of Crete. This castle was called &quot;Phaistos.&quot; It was written on disks there. The disks were perfectly formed and had perfect etches in them. The tablets in Knossos were closely related and looked almost exactly the same. It was still very odd though that Linear B was found on a castle that was very far away from Knossos. I think Phaistos was a completely different civilization that was taught how to write by the Minoans and then the Minoans conquered Phaistos and then the castle and territory became part of Crete.  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    8. 8. x Phaistos
    9. 9.   Phaistos disk     The Phaistos disk was very different from the clay tablets. First of all, it was written on a disk and not tablets. When I first saw the Phaistos disk, I thought that it could be a frisbee and the writing could be rewards for the athlete. The Phaistos disk is probably a heavy object and has a low probability of being a frisbee. (Phaistos) (Linear B Disk)
    10. 10. The Start of Deciphering Linear B .......Elizabeth                     <ul><li>The decipherment of Linear B started when Sir Arthur Evans found some clay tablets with Linear B writing on them.Two people together deciphered Linear B.  Those people were Alice Kober and Michal Ventris.  Before they deciphered it, Linear B was considered a language impossible to crack. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>(Knossos with Linear B tablets on it)                  (Sir Arthur Evans) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Alice Kober's Part in the Deciphering ..............................Elizabeth <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Alice Kober started the deciphering by figuring out </li></ul><ul><li>that the alphabet of Linear B was made </li></ul><ul><li>of syllables, not letters. </li></ul><ul><li>Alice also figured out that </li></ul><ul><li>the syllables were made up of either </li></ul><ul><li>one vowel or one consonant </li></ul><ul><li>and then a vowel and also some  </li></ul><ul><li>rules of the language. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>                                                          </li></ul><ul><li>                                                             (Alice Kober) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Alice Kober's Chart <ul><li>This is Alice Kober's chart of </li></ul><ul><li>Linear B syllables.  She made  </li></ul><ul><li>this when she was just starting  </li></ul><ul><li>to grasp the syllables in it.   </li></ul><ul><li>It shows how Linear B words  </li></ul><ul><li>can have different endings.  </li></ul><ul><li>Without this chart, Linear B </li></ul><ul><li>might never have been  </li></ul><ul><li>discovered. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Michal Ventris's Part in the Deciphering of Linear B..........Elizabeth <ul><li>Alice Kober died soon after she started the decipherment of Linear B.  However, Michal Ventris </li></ul><ul><li>was able to continue her work and </li></ul><ul><li>it was he who finished the decipherment. </li></ul><ul><li>Michal Ventris made new discoveries </li></ul><ul><li>about the language, like that there are </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes silent ' I 's is the word has an </li></ul><ul><li>odd number of letter.  </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, Michal Ventris </li></ul><ul><li>deciphered a few words.  His vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>grew until he had it fully deciphered.  Both </li></ul><ul><li>Alice Kober and Michal Ventris made it </li></ul><ul><li>possible for us to be able to read what </li></ul><ul><li>was on those tablets today.   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>                                                                        (Michal Ventris)  </li></ul>
    14. 14. This is a video about the finding and  <ul><li>  the deciphering of Linear B    </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>                                                    hh b v
    15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; Google Image Result for http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/Images/LinearB.jpg.&quot; Google . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2010. </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/Images/LinearB.jpg&imgrefurl=http://ww </li></ul><ul><li>w.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/LinearB.html&usg= </li></ul><ul><li>__p3bKP7_v5W60hEM0HiFBoajNZ4A=&h=350&w=277&sz=26&hl=en </li></ul><ul><li>&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=dr8_BpdQ9_soEM:&tbnh=128&tbnw=1>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Lo, Lawrence . &quot;Ancient Scripts: Linear B.&quot; Ancient Scripts: Home . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2010. http://www.ancientscripts.com/linearb.html . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Jan Mensing - Das Geheimnis von Linear B.&quot; Institut für Verteilte Systeme - Otto Von Guericke University . N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2011. <http://www-ivs.cs.uni-magdeburg.de/bs/lehre/wise0102/progb/vortraege/jmensing/mensing2.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>London. Michal Ventris . 2010. University of London Institute of Classical Studies, London. Institute of Classical Studies Awards and Prizes . Web. 4 Jan. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>MLA formatting by BibMe.org.   </li></ul>
    16. 16. Bibliography Continued <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Odyssey Online: Greece.&quot; Michael C. Carlos Museum . N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2010. http://carlos.emory.edu/ODYSSEY/GREECE/home.html . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Peach, Susan, and Anne Millard. The Greeks . Tulsa, Oklahoma: EDC PUBLISHING , 1990. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Sacks, David, and Oswyn Murray. A dictionary of the ancient Greek world  . New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Dintino, Theresa. &quot;Amazons on Minoan Crete «  .&quot; Amazons on Minoan Crete . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2011. http://www.ritualgoddess.com/the2012vortex/?p=696. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Singh, Simon. The code book:  the science of secrecy from ancient Egypt to quantum cryptography . New York: Anchor Books, 20001999. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>MLA formatting by BibMe.org. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Bibliography Continued 2 <ul><li>Works Cited   </li></ul><ul><li>Howitt , Caitlin. Linear B tablet . 2001.  The Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology Classroom, Pylos. Archaeologies of the Greek Past . Web. . </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Phaistos Disc (Phaistos Disk) Decipherment.&quot; History of Civilization - A Renaissance in Learning - LexiLine.com Index Page . N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2011. <http://www.lexiline.com/lexiline/lexi3.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>Woods,  Christopher. Linear A Script . 2009. Historic Connections-Interactive Archaeology & Ancient History, Chicago. HISTORY of WRITING . Web. .    </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;BBC - h2g2 - The Decipherment of Linear B.&quot; BBC - Homepage . N.p., 26 Aug. 2005. Web. 4 Jan. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A4596735>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;On this day in 1900 | The Traveler's Steampunk Blog.&quot; Daily Steampunk - Das Webprojekt jetzt auch auf Deutsch . N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2011. <http://daily-steampunk.com/steampunk-blog/2010/03/16/on-this-day-in-1900/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiunchik, Oleg. &quot;Knossos, a photo from Iraklion, Crete | TrekEarth.&quot; Learning about the world through photography | TrekEarth . N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2011. <http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Europe/Greece/photo389980.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>MLA formatting by BibMe.org. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    18. 18. Credits!   <ul><li>Introduction........................................................................Zander </li></ul><ul><li>The Language....................................................................Kate </li></ul><ul><li>Why Linear B was Chosen to be Dechiphered..............Kate </li></ul><ul><li>Linear B Alphabet Page....................................................Kate </li></ul><ul><li>Where Linear B was Found..............................................Zander </li></ul><ul><li>Phaistos disk......................................................................Zander </li></ul><ul><li>The closing.........................................................................Zander </li></ul><ul><li>The start of Deciphering Linear B....................................Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Alice Kober's Part in the Deciphering.............................Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Michal's part in the Decipherement of Linear B.............Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Alice Kober's Chart...........................................................Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>The Bibliography Page................................................Elizabeth Editor for Grammer...................................................Elizabeth, Zander </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Material...............................................................Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures Found and Inserted......................Elizabeth, Zander and Kate </li></ul><ul><li>The video page and finder of video.................................Kate </li></ul><ul><li>Decorations........................................................................Kate </li></ul>

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