Who wants to be a Millionaire? <ul><li>How many cases of plagiarism in 2007 at Centennial College School of Journalism? </...
Final Answer ? <ul><li>A) fewer than 10 cases/semester ?  </li></ul><ul><li>B) about 100 cases ? </li></ul><ul><li>C) 2 or...
Answer:  A  <ul><li>Fewer then 10 per semester = about 20 a year all courses in the J-school </li></ul><ul><li>Across many...
You think we have problems???? … <ul><li>“ Last year, more than 140  University of Ottawa students  who were accused of ac...
Plagiarism <ul><li>Latin :  </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiaries  = to plunder </li></ul><ul><li>Plagium = kidnapping </li></ul>Pl...
Not just a problem for the j-schools. Industry too ….
Regret the Error.com <ul><li>Round of up plagiarism  cases  in newspapers world wide </li></ul><ul><li>2007:  24  cases --...
One story that didn’t make the 2007 list: <ul><li>Jack McAndrew: Well known PEI based journalist and columnist. </li></ul>...
PLAGIARISM AT Centennial <ul><li>So how to make explaining how NOT to do it more effective and meaningful to students?….. ...
Transparency in assignments
Centennial Journalism school policy: <ul><li>Academic policy  </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism penalties </li></ul>
Two strikes you’re out. <ul><li>As of Jan 2008: online, broadcast, design, magazine, photo, etc </li></ul><ul><li>New poli...
Reasons why students do it? <ul><li>Laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Desperation  </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><...
Laziness <ul><li>It’s easy to get stuff on the Internet and incorporate it.  </li></ul><ul><li>It saves time.  </li></ul><...
Desperation/Fear <ul><li>Fear of missing a deadline </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of missing a story </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of ge...
Accidentally <ul><li>By not knowing what to do with stuff you borrow from the Internet, newspapers, colleagues, others. </...
Ideas can’t be plagiarized? <ul><li>True? </li></ul><ul><li>Words can be. </li></ul><ul><li>True? </li></ul>Ideas can't be...
Bottom line <ul><li>It’s still theft </li></ul><ul><li>It misleads and threatens the foundation of trust on which the rela...
<ul><li>When I was in High School…. </li></ul>
Attribution and Plagiarism <ul><li>A classmate turned in her friend’s older sister’s paper. She got an A-.  </li></ul><ul>...
My mom said: <ul><li>She won’t learn anything. </li></ul>
You won’t stay employed long <ul><li>Knowing how to cheat may get you a degree and a job, but it won’t help you keep it, i...
What needs attribution? <ul><li>Not everything needs attribution </li></ul>
AKA Common Knowledge <ul><li>Prime Minister Harper has two children, and lives at 24 Sussex Drive.  </li></ul>
… <ul><li>Canada was created by Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories </li></ul><ul><l...
Plagiarism can happen when you don’t attribute: <ul><li>Word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><li>Nicely writ...
Here’s a made up story in the X Star: <ul><li>“ The inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in years,...
: <ul><li>In an interview published in the Toronto Star last Tuesday ,  Mimi Manners described the Prime Minister’s reside...
If this is  Your article:  <ul><li>Some observers say the inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in ...
<ul><li>You have to attribute word choice, syntax, turns of phrase, and inteviews which YOU didn’t get yourself. </li></ul>
How to avoid trouble: <ul><li>Put the attribution in the same sentence, immediately.  </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t wait till a ...
Here’s how it’s done.. <ul><li>Eg: Author Patti Tasko says in her book the Canadian Press Style Guide that journalists sho...
Or, you can change the entire citation… <ul><li> Don’t cut and paste into your story or on-air document, planning to remo...
. <ul><li>Don’t look at the original news article or source, after the initial research.  </li></ul><ul><li>Write from mem...
Hint…. <ul><li>Write it entirely in your own words AS IF YOU WERE TELLING A FRIEND, MOM etc. </li></ul>
USE QUOTATION MARKS <ul><li>Around words that you didn’t write yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Around nice partial quotes or ev...
For broadcasting <ul><li>According to the Toronto Star website, an Ottawa socialite Mimi Manners was outraged at the new s...
For broadcasting <ul><li>If you want to use her direct quote in your radio story or tv story on air--- we can’t SEE quotat...
<ul><li>Write:  In her words, Manners told the Star, quote, “it hadn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains and …a m...
Same rule applies to Info from a company/government/website <ul><li>It’s their spin so you need to be careful. Don’t quote...
In election stories…. <ul><li>Write:  His own website describes him as “committed to young people and their issues.” </li>...
How to avoid trouble part 1 <ul><li>1)  Write it from memory..don’t cut and paste.  </li></ul>
How to avoid trouble part 2 <ul><li>Check your version against the original one to make sure words are different, structur...
How to avoid trouble part 3 <ul><li>Make sure you use a different FONT if you do cut and paste so you can later tell it’s ...
How to Avoid Trouble  -- A recap! <ul><li>Use quotation marks when taking direct quotations from anywhere. </li></ul><ul><...
Other kinds of plagiarism <ul><li>Copying someone’s In Design project by hand or digitally without their permission. (If t...
Other no-nos…..to avoid: <ul><li>“ Borrowing” a copyrighted digital photo or image from the Internet without attribution. ...
Other no no’s <ul><li>Adding copyrighted music or sound or images to a television project  </li></ul><ul><li>Note:  Garage...
Quiz ! <ul><li>Test for you ! </li></ul><ul><li>The Indiana University website has a quiz on how well you have learned how...
Centennial J-School pledge form <ul><li>We are pioneering -- in Ontario -- a student pledge for honesty and truth telling ...
Good Luck !!! <ul><li>Thank you for learning the “right” way </li></ul><ul><li>If you have any questions, always ask a tea...
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Presentationplagiarismforst

  1. 1. Who wants to be a Millionaire? <ul><li>How many cases of plagiarism in 2007 at Centennial College School of Journalism? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Final Answer ? <ul><li>A) fewer than 10 cases/semester ? </li></ul><ul><li>B) about 100 cases ? </li></ul><ul><li>C) 2 or 3 cases ? </li></ul><ul><li>D) 30 to 40 cases ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Answer: A <ul><li>Fewer then 10 per semester = about 20 a year all courses in the J-school </li></ul><ul><li>Across many courses: </li></ul><ul><li>Design, Observer newspaper, Radio News, Television News, Intro to Reporting 1 </li></ul>
  4. 4. You think we have problems???? … <ul><li>“ Last year, more than 140 University of Ottawa students who were accused of academic fraud (plagiarism, copying, Internet Plagiarism) received various sanctions, including expulsion from the University. “ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Plagiarism <ul><li>Latin : </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiaries = to plunder </li></ul><ul><li>Plagium = kidnapping </li></ul>Plagiarism
  6. 6. Not just a problem for the j-schools. Industry too ….
  7. 7. Regret the Error.com <ul><li>Round of up plagiarism cases in newspapers world wide </li></ul><ul><li>2007: 24 cases --student papers incl. a Journalism prof. in Missouri!!! </li></ul><ul><li>2006: 33 cases including Toronto Star </li></ul>
  8. 8. One story that didn’t make the 2007 list: <ul><li>Jack McAndrew: Well known PEI based journalist and columnist. </li></ul><ul><li>Admitted it was out of laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Got a 3 month suspension from the paper the Eastern Graphic. </li></ul>Ellin:
  9. 9. PLAGIARISM AT Centennial <ul><li>So how to make explaining how NOT to do it more effective and meaningful to students?….. </li></ul><ul><li>and keep the reputation of this college program strong in the industry out there. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Transparency in assignments
  11. 11. Centennial Journalism school policy: <ul><li>Academic policy </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism penalties </li></ul>
  12. 12. Two strikes you’re out. <ul><li>As of Jan 2008: online, broadcast, design, magazine, photo, etc </li></ul><ul><li>New policy is clearer and gives examples, too. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reasons why students do it? <ul><li>Laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Desperation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><li>Accidentally </li></ul><ul><li>To “screw” the teachers </li></ul><ul><li>To get good grades </li></ul><ul><li>To keep your OSAP grant </li></ul>
  14. 14. Laziness <ul><li>It’s easy to get stuff on the Internet and incorporate it. </li></ul><ul><li>It saves time. </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of students are poor time managers. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Desperation/Fear <ul><li>Fear of missing a deadline </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of missing a story </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of getting a bad mark </li></ul><ul><li>Actually missing the deadline </li></ul>
  16. 16. Accidentally <ul><li>By not knowing what to do with stuff you borrow from the Internet, newspapers, colleagues, others. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ideas can’t be plagiarized? <ul><li>True? </li></ul><ul><li>Words can be. </li></ul><ul><li>True? </li></ul>Ideas can't be plagiarized?
  18. 18. Bottom line <ul><li>It’s still theft </li></ul><ul><li>It misleads and threatens the foundation of trust on which the relationship between journalists and news consumers is based. (Nick Russell, Morals and the Media). </li></ul><ul><li>Not doing it can help YOU stay employed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>When I was in High School…. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Attribution and Plagiarism <ul><li>A classmate turned in her friend’s older sister’s paper. She got an A-. </li></ul><ul><li>I slaved for 3 weeks, looking stuff up in the library and in Encyclopedias and handed in my paper. </li></ul><ul><li>I got a B-. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaters always win..I thought. </li></ul>
  21. 21. My mom said: <ul><li>She won’t learn anything. </li></ul>
  22. 22. You won’t stay employed long <ul><li>Knowing how to cheat may get you a degree and a job, but it won’t help you keep it, if they find out you don’t possess the skills you could have learned had you done the work originally in j-school. (Robert Harris, virtualsalt.com) </li></ul>
  23. 23. What needs attribution? <ul><li>Not everything needs attribution </li></ul>
  24. 24. AKA Common Knowledge <ul><li>Prime Minister Harper has two children, and lives at 24 Sussex Drive. </li></ul>
  25. 25. … <ul><li>Canada was created by Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories </li></ul><ul><li>NO ATTRIBUTION NEEDED of FACTS. </li></ul>Historical dates etc …
  26. 26. Plagiarism can happen when you don’t attribute: <ul><li>Word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><li>Nicely written turns of phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes that YOU didn’t get on your own </li></ul>
  27. 27. Here’s a made up story in the X Star: <ul><li>“ The inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains, and a motorcycle collection stored in the garage, “ sniffed Mimi Manners, an Ottawa socialite. </li></ul>
  28. 28. : <ul><li>In an interview published in the Toronto Star last Tuesday , Mimi Manners described the Prime Minister’s residence as looking like it hadn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains and …a motorcycle collection stored in the garage . </li></ul>Plagiarism if you write..
  29. 29. If this is Your article: <ul><li>Some observers say the inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains, and a motorcycle collection arranged in the back yard garage. </li></ul><ul><li>This is plagiarism too ! </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>You have to attribute word choice, syntax, turns of phrase, and inteviews which YOU didn’t get yourself. </li></ul>
  31. 31. How to avoid trouble: <ul><li>Put the attribution in the same sentence, immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t wait till a bibliography --which we don’t use in news writing. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Here’s how it’s done.. <ul><li>Eg: Author Patti Tasko says in her book the Canadian Press Style Guide that journalists should “never misrepresent themselves as a mourner” when covering a funeral. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Or, you can change the entire citation… <ul><li> Don’t cut and paste into your story or on-air document, planning to remove the stuff later on. </li></ul><ul><li>Deadlines come quickly and you might forget to. </li></ul>
  34. 34. . <ul><li>Don’t look at the original news article or source, after the initial research. </li></ul><ul><li>Write from memory </li></ul>
  35. 35. Hint…. <ul><li>Write it entirely in your own words AS IF YOU WERE TELLING A FRIEND, MOM etc. </li></ul>
  36. 36. USE QUOTATION MARKS <ul><li>Around words that you didn’t write yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Around nice partial quotes or even when paraphrasing from the article </li></ul>
  37. 37. For broadcasting <ul><li>According to the Toronto Star website, an Ottawa socialite Mimi Manners was outraged at the new style habits of the Harper family at 24 Sussex Drive. </li></ul><ul><li>This is ok. </li></ul>
  38. 38. For broadcasting <ul><li>If you want to use her direct quote in your radio story or tv story on air--- we can’t SEE quotation marks on the radio so you have to actually speak them out loud. </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s how: </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Write: In her words, Manners told the Star, quote, “it hadn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains and …a motorcycle collection stored in the garage.” Unquote . </li></ul>
  40. 40. Same rule applies to Info from a company/government/website <ul><li>It’s their spin so you need to be careful. Don’t quote word for word from a website UNLESS you attribute it properly. </li></ul>
  41. 41. In election stories…. <ul><li>Write: His own website describes him as “committed to young people and their issues.” </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast: His website describes him as, in his words, quote, “committed to young people are their issues.” unquote. </li></ul>
  42. 42. How to avoid trouble part 1 <ul><li>1) Write it from memory..don’t cut and paste. </li></ul>
  43. 43. How to avoid trouble part 2 <ul><li>Check your version against the original one to make sure words are different, structure is different . </li></ul>
  44. 44. How to avoid trouble part 3 <ul><li>Make sure you use a different FONT if you do cut and paste so you can later tell it’s not your work! </li></ul>
  45. 45. How to Avoid Trouble -- A recap! <ul><li>Use quotation marks when taking direct quotations from anywhere. </li></ul><ul><li>Always attribute,right in the same sentence. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Other kinds of plagiarism <ul><li>Copying someone’s In Design project by hand or digitally without their permission. (If the student who is copied was “in” on it, they also face sanctions.) </li></ul>
  47. 47. Other no-nos…..to avoid: <ul><li>“ Borrowing” a copyrighted digital photo or image from the Internet without attribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Clip Art is OK with permission from the teacher . </li></ul>
  48. 48. Other no no’s <ul><li>Adding copyrighted music or sound or images to a television project </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Garage Band is OK with permission from the teacher . </li></ul>
  49. 49. Quiz ! <ul><li>Test for you ! </li></ul><ul><li>The Indiana University website has a quiz on how well you have learned how to recognize plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>http://education.indiana.edu/~frick/plagiarism/item1.html </li></ul>
  50. 50. Centennial J-School pledge form <ul><li>We are pioneering -- in Ontario -- a student pledge for honesty and truth telling in journalism school . </li></ul><ul><li>After reading the Centennial College Journalism Academic Honesty policies form, please sign and date the pledge and return it to my box . </li></ul>
  51. 51. Good Luck !!! <ul><li>Thank you for learning the “right” way </li></ul><ul><li>If you have any questions, always ask a teacher BEFORE the story or assignment is due. </li></ul><ul><li>Your feedback would be extremely welcome: drop a note in my box - Or e mail me. </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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