Plagiarism:How Not to for Journalism Students

1,646 views

Published on

Journalism students have to learn more then just American Library Association style when it comes to attribution. They have to learn to write in their own words, without borrowing syntax or style from other sources, especially when rewriting copy for broadcast.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,646
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Plagiarism:How Not to for Journalism Students

  1. 1. <ul><li>Or….How NOT to PLAGIARIZE </li></ul>
  2. 2. Who wants to be a Millionaire? <ul><li>How many cases of plagiarism per year were we seeing at Centennial College School of Journalism? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Final Answer ? <ul><li>A) fewer than 10 cases/semester ? </li></ul><ul><li>B) about 100 cases ? </li></ul><ul><li>C) 2 or 3 cases ? </li></ul><ul><li>D) 30 to 40 cases ? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Answer: A <ul><li>10 per semester = about 20 a year </li></ul><ul><li>Across many courses: </li></ul><ul><li>Design, Observer, Radio News, Television News, Intro to Reporting </li></ul>
  5. 5. The University of Toronto (Scarborough) joint program students <ul><li>At least 8 cases 2007 </li></ul>
  6. 6. You think only we have problems???? … <ul><li>“ Last year, more than 100 University of Ottawa students who were accused of plagiarism received various sanctions, including expulsion from the University. “ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Not just a problem for the j-schools …. <ul><li>Industry is having trouble too… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Regret the Error.com http://www.regrettheerror.com/2008/12/16/2008-plagiarismfabrication-round-up/ <ul><li>Round of up plagiarism cases in newspapers world wide </li></ul><ul><li>2008: 24 cases -- including </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa Citizen, Rogers Sportnet, CP 24, Vancouver Province, New York Times, Miami Herald… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Some 2009 cases I know about <ul><li>Telegraph Journal in New Brunswick, The Globe and Mail’s Margaret Wente column.. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Result? <ul><li>1 Columnist had to quit </li></ul><ul><li>1 Commentator “pulled off the air” </li></ul><ul><li>1 Reporter fired. </li></ul><ul><li>1 Reporter’s reputation (Globe and Mail’s Margaret Wente) put in question </li></ul>
  11. 11. One story that didn’t make the 2007 list: <ul><li>Jack McAndrew: Well known PEI based journalist and columnist. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarized </li></ul><ul><li>Got caught. </li></ul><ul><li>Admitted it was out of laziness that he used stuff someone sent him in an e-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Got a 3 month suspension from the paper the Eastern Graphic. </li></ul>Ellin:
  12. 12. Transparency in assignments
  13. 13. What do we hope to accomplish? <ul><li>Clear up the confusion and…keep the reputation of our school’s Journalism program strong in the industry out there! </li></ul>www.whatreallyhappened.com
  14. 14. Bottom line <ul><li>It’s theft </li></ul><ul><li>It misleads and threatens the foundation of trust on which the relationship between journalists and news consumers is based. (Nick Russell, Morals and the Media). </li></ul><ul><li>Not doing it can help YOU stay employed. </li></ul>
  15. 15. NOW MAGAZINE
  16. 16. Two strikes you’re out. <ul><li>As of Jan 2008: online, broadcast, design, magazine, photo, etc </li></ul><ul><li>New policy is clearer and gives examples, too. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reasons why students do it? <ul><li>Laziness </li></ul><ul><li>Desperation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time </li></ul><ul><li>Accidentally </li></ul><ul><li>To “screw” the teachers </li></ul><ul><li>To get good grades </li></ul><ul><li>To keep your OSAP grant </li></ul>
  18. 18. Laziness <ul><li>It’s easy to get stuff on the Internet and incorporate it. </li></ul><ul><li>It saves time. </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of students are poor time managers. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Desperation/Fear <ul><li>Fear of missing a deadline </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of missing a story </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of getting a bad mark </li></ul><ul><li>Actually missing the deadline </li></ul>
  20. 20. Accidentally <ul><li>By not knowing what to do with stuff you borrow from the Internet, newspapers, colleagues, others. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Ideas can’t be plagiarized? <ul><li>True? </li></ul><ul><li>False? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Words can be. True.
  23. 23. Theodore Herzl <ul><li>When I was in High School…. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Attribution and Plagiarism <ul><li>A classmate turned in someone’s old paper. She got an A-. </li></ul><ul><li>I slaved for 3 weeks, looking stuff up in the library and in Encyclopedias and handed in my paper. </li></ul><ul><li>I got a B-. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaters always win..I thought. </li></ul>
  25. 25. My mom said: <ul><li>She won’t learn anything. </li></ul>
  26. 26. You won’t stay employed long <ul><li>Knowing how to cheat may get you a degree and a job, but it won’t help you keep it, if they find out you don’t possess the skills you could have learned had you done the work originally in j-school. (Robert Harris, virtualsalt.com) </li></ul>
  27. 27. Well known facts do not need attribution AKA Common Knowledge <ul><li>Prime Minister Harper has 2 children, and lives at 24 Sussex Drive. </li></ul><ul><li>Sure it’s also probably on the PM’s website. </li></ul><ul><li>But you don’t need to attribute this. </li></ul>
  28. 28. But,…opinion and ideas, syntax, word choice, photos, analysis and quotes from other sources, YES ! <ul><li>Eg: A story in the Toronto Star …. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Here’s the story <ul><li>“ The inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains, and now Harper’s wife, has a motorcycle collection stored in the garage ,” sniffed Mimi Manners, an Ottawa socialite with ties to the former Liberal Prime Minister . </li></ul>
  30. 30. Your article: <ul><li>Some observers say the inside of 24 Sussex Drive looks like it hasn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains, and a motorcycle collection arranged in the back yard garage. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Is this plagairism….? <ul><li>Yes or No? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Plagiarism can be <ul><li>Word choice </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><li>Nicely written turns of phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes that YOU didn’t get on your own </li></ul>
  33. 33. How to avoid trouble: <ul><li>Put the attribution in the same sentence, immediately. Don’t wait ‘till a bibliography --which we don’t use in journalism. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Cite the source…and….”” <ul><li>According to the Toronto Star, “the inside of 24 Sussex drive…” etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Mimi Manners, an Ottawa-based critic, told the Toronto Star “ the inside of 24 Sussex..” </li></ul>
  35. 35. How to avoid trouble <ul><li>Write: </li></ul><ul><li>In an interview published in the Toronto Star last Tuesday Mimi Manners described the Prime Ministers’ residence as “looking like it hadn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains and …a motorcycle collection stored in the garage.” </li></ul>
  36. 36. If you are quoting verbatim… <ul><li>Eg: Author Patti Tasko says in her book the Canadian Press Style Guide that journalists should “never misrepresent themselves as a mourner” when covering a funeral. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Same rule applies to Info from a company/government/website <ul><li>According to the band Mattafix’s website “ the album blends the typical Mattafix sound with a new outlook provided by the incredible experiences of their last two years.” </li></ul>
  38. 38. Or….Paraphrase….. <ul><li>According to the Toronto Star, some socialites in Ottawa are critical of the décor inside 24 Sussex Drive, and of how the Prime Minister’s wife has stored her motorcycle in the garage. </li></ul>
  39. 39. For broadcasting <ul><li>If you want to use her direct quote Write: Manners told the Star, quote, “it hadn’t been restyled in years, with drab curtains and …a motorcycle collection stored in the garage”. Unquote. </li></ul>
  40. 40. So how to avoid trouble?
  41. 41. Change the entire citation… <ul><li> Don’t cut and paste into your story, planning to remove the stuff later on. Deadlines come quickly and you might forget to. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t look at the original news article or source after your initial research. Write from memory. </li></ul><ul><li>Write it entirely in your own words AS IF YOU WERE TELLING A FRIEND, MOM etc . </li></ul>
  42. 42. Other no-nos…..to avoid: <ul><li>“ Borrowing” a copyrighted digital photo or image from the Internet for a story illustration, without attribution . Clip Art and royalty free images are OK with permission from the teacher . </li></ul><ul><li>Adding copyrighted music or sound or images to a television project that you “borrowed” from an external source, without proper attribution or courtesy, etc. Garage Band loops and sounds are OK and CLIP ART is OK with permission from the teacher . </li></ul><ul><li>Using a well-crafted turn of phrase from another source , in your own Observer story, without proper attribution. </li></ul>
  43. 43. How to avoid trouble part 2 <ul><li>1) Write it from memory..don’t cut and paste. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Check your version against the original one to make sure words are different, structure is different. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Make sure you use a different FONT if you do cut and paste from somewhere into your own document so you can later tell it’s not your work! </li></ul>
  44. 44. How to Avoid Trouble -- A recap! <ul><li>Use quotation marks when taking direct quotations from anywhere. Better to be too careful. </li></ul><ul><li>Always attribute, right in the same sentence, except facts that can be found in 5 other places…the sky is blue. The parade begins at 4 p.m. . </li></ul>
  45. 45. Centennial J-School pledge form <ul><li>We encourage you to sign the student pledge for honesty and truth telling in journalism school . </li></ul><ul><li>After reading the Centennial College Journalism Academic Honesty policies form, please sign and date the pledge form and return it to me . </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Centennial J-School pledge form </li></ul><ul><li>We encourage you to sign the student pledge for honesty and truth telling in journalism school . </li></ul><ul><li>After reading the Centennial College Journalism Academic Honesty policies form, please sign and date the pledge form and return it to me . </li></ul>
  47. 47. PLEDGE
  48. 48. Test <ul><li>Test for you ! </li></ul><ul><li>Do this quiz on how well you have learned how to recognize plagiarism. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: it’s not specific to journalism </li></ul><ul><li>http://education. indiana .edu/~frick/plagiarism/item1.html </li></ul>
  49. 49. Plagiarism <ul><li>Latin : </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiaries = to plunder </li></ul><ul><li>Plagium = kidnapping </li></ul>Plagiarism
  50. 50. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

×