TheThe
RoaringRoaring
TwentiesTwenties
World War One was a shocking
experience for the country
• After seeing the horrors of a European war,
most Americans wanted to return to the
isolationism Washington spoke of in h...
Wilson & Democrats
rejected!
• Senate refused to sign
Treaty of Versailles
• Senate refused to join
League of Nations
• Vo...
“Back to ‘Normalcy’”
 Harding wanted
America to return
to life and work
without a war to
fight or sacrifice
for…”normalit...
Post war ProblemsPost war Problems
 Recession: Factories stopped making warRecession: Factories stopped making war
suppli...
Post war Problems
• Corruption & Scandals!
• Harding was yet another president who
appointed his buddies to important
gove...
Corruption & Scandals
• Albert Fall, Secretary of the interior leased
government land in CA & WY for oil
companies to dril...
Scandals & Betrayals lead to Heart
Attack!
• Harding dies in
office 1923.
• Vice President
Calvin
Coolidge takes
over as
P...
““Silent Cal” CoolidgeSilent Cal” Coolidge
The business
of America is
business.
The Coolidge Administration
• Coolidge VERY pro-business
• He cut regulations on businesses
• Coolidge appointed business ...
Coolidge Economy
• By 1923, Factories switched from making
weapons to making consumer goods
• more people had $ from jobs ...
Automobiles Spur Industry
Car
Body
Tires Windshield Power Assembly
How manyHow many
different jobsdifferent jobs
can you c...
• The boom of the 1920’s was called
“Coolidge Prosperity”
• More and more Americans were buying
consumer goods
• More and ...
Bull Market
• When the stock
market goes through a
period of increased
trading & rising stock
prices, it is known as a
Bul...
Headed for Disaster
• Many investors were
borrowing $ to buy
stocks (buying on
margin)
• Stocks became
overvalued (not wor...
Foreign Policy in the 1920’s
• Isolationism (Europe): United States still
refused to join League of Nations
• Intervention...
The Soviet Union
• Americans did not support communism in
the Soviet Union (Russia)
• Communism is an economic system wher...
Visualize Whirled Peas
• 1928 – United States & 61 other nations
sign Kellog-Briand Pact
• The pact outlawed war
• There w...
Homework
•724-729
•Question 5 (a & b)
1920’s Culture
• Lots of crazy fads;
–Flagpole sitting
–The Charleston
–Flappers
Jazz
• Jazz music became very popular during
the 1920’s
• It was a blend of the blues and European
classical music (Ragtim...
Louis Armstrong
• Jazz Ambassador; trumpet/coronet
Bessie Smith
• One of the greatest Jazz/Blues singers of all time
Duke Ellington
• Composer, pianist, bandleader
Writers
• Ernest “Papa”
Hemmingway
• Wrote of his wartime
experiences as
ambulance driver in
Europe
• Powerful writer of
s...
F. Scott Fitzgerald
• Wrote The Great
Gatsby
• Novel about
wealthy partiers
unable to find
happiness
Langston Hughes
• Poet & author
– The younger Negro
artists who create
now intend to express
our individual dark-
skinned ...
Zora Neal Hurston
• Writer who traveled
through the South
collecting African
American folktales
Heroes
• George Herman
“Babe” Ruth
• Orphan from
Baltimore
• Pitcher & power-hitter
for the New York
Yankees
• Hit 60 Home...
Charles “Lucky” Lindbergh
• 1st
solo transatlantic
flight
• Plane called “The
Spirit of St. Louis”
• Later became vocal
su...
Red Scare
The Soviet Union was successful!
• A worker-based communist government
had been created and was thriving
Communism demands an
international worker revolution
“Workers of all countries unite,
you have nothing to lose but
your ch...
Our 1st
Question:
• At the time (1920’s) was this
international revolution a threat to
the US government?
How would you describe the
Harding & Coolidge
Administrations?
• Pro-business generally means anti-
labor
Were the Republican
administrations of the 1920’s anti-
labor?
• During WWI, the War Industries Board
was generally pro-la...
Were the Republican administrations of
the 1920’s anti-labor?
• Strikes were
broken using
the police
and private
detective...
Bad times for working people
• Few strikes were successful
• Many workers badly beaten
• Company Unions formed
• Union mem...
How do workers feel about the
government?
• Their wages have
not gone up
• Their strikes have
been violently
attacked
• Th...
Birth of the Red Scare
• If American
workers are
unhappy, what
might they do?
• What kind of
people might
influence them t...
Foreign Radicals!Foreign Radicals!
• Fear of foreign radicals leads to unfairFear of foreign radicals leads to unfair
tria...
Final Question
• What are two events that contributed
to the Red Scare?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Roaring Twenties

1,615 views

Published on

Rundown of the good times before the crash

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

The Roaring Twenties

  1. 1. TheThe RoaringRoaring TwentiesTwenties
  2. 2. World War One was a shocking experience for the country
  3. 3. • After seeing the horrors of a European war, most Americans wanted to return to the isolationism Washington spoke of in his farewell address.
  4. 4. Wilson & Democrats rejected! • Senate refused to sign Treaty of Versailles • Senate refused to join League of Nations • Voters elect Republican Warren Gamaliel Harding
  5. 5. “Back to ‘Normalcy’”  Harding wanted America to return to life and work without a war to fight or sacrifice for…”normality”  Harding was extremely pro- business
  6. 6. Post war ProblemsPost war Problems  Recession: Factories stopped making warRecession: Factories stopped making war supplies and 2 million soldiers came home fromsupplies and 2 million soldiers came home from Europe looking for work.Europe looking for work. Closed factoriesClosed factories ++ High UnemploymentHigh Unemployment == Recession (no one wants to buy anything)Recession (no one wants to buy anything)
  7. 7. Post war Problems • Corruption & Scandals! • Harding was yet another president who appointed his buddies to important government jobs • Charles Forbes head of the Veterans Bureau, convicted of stealing MILLIONS from that bureau – that’s right, he was stealing money from veterans right after a WAR
  8. 8. Corruption & Scandals • Albert Fall, Secretary of the interior leased government land in CA & WY for oil companies to drill on • Teapot Dome Scandal
  9. 9. Scandals & Betrayals lead to Heart Attack! • Harding dies in office 1923. • Vice President Calvin Coolidge takes over as President
  10. 10. ““Silent Cal” CoolidgeSilent Cal” Coolidge The business of America is business.
  11. 11. The Coolidge Administration • Coolidge VERY pro-business • He cut regulations on businesses • Coolidge appointed business leaders to head government agencies Hypothetical Example: the owner of the biggest slaughterhouses in the US being put in charge of the USDA
  12. 12. Coolidge Economy • By 1923, Factories switched from making weapons to making consumer goods • more people had $ from jobs in factories, those people started buying goods, demand went up so factories hired more people, those people started buying goods, factories hired more people, and on and on…
  13. 13. Automobiles Spur Industry Car Body Tires Windshield Power Assembly How manyHow many different jobsdifferent jobs can you comecan you come up with?up with?
  14. 14. • The boom of the 1920’s was called “Coolidge Prosperity” • More and more Americans were buying consumer goods • More and more Americans were using CREDIT to buy these goods • Stock prices continued to rise Economic Boom!
  15. 15. Bull Market • When the stock market goes through a period of increased trading & rising stock prices, it is known as a Bull Market • The opposite is known as a Bear Market • Bull Market = good • Bear Market = bad
  16. 16. Headed for Disaster • Many investors were borrowing $ to buy stocks (buying on margin) • Stocks became overvalued (not worth the $ that people bought them for) • Many consumers were borrowing $ to buy consumer goods (buying on credit)
  17. 17. Foreign Policy in the 1920’s • Isolationism (Europe): United States still refused to join League of Nations • Interventionism (Latin America): 1926 Marines sent to Nicaragua to oversee elections. 1927 US diplomats convince Mexico not to take over foreign owned oil & mining companies
  18. 18. The Soviet Union • Americans did not support communism in the Soviet Union (Russia) • Communism is an economic system where all wealth & property are owned by the community • Despite dislike of communism, Americans sent tons of food to Soviet Union, saving millions of lives • Fear of communists (The Red Scare) will soon grip USA
  19. 19. Visualize Whirled Peas • 1928 – United States & 61 other nations sign Kellog-Briand Pact • The pact outlawed war • There was no way to enforce the pact • It will soon fail
  20. 20. Homework •724-729 •Question 5 (a & b)
  21. 21. 1920’s Culture • Lots of crazy fads; –Flagpole sitting –The Charleston –Flappers
  22. 22. Jazz • Jazz music became very popular during the 1920’s • It was a blend of the blues and European classical music (Ragtime) • At the time jazz was considered a bad influence on young people • An original art form created by African Americans
  23. 23. Louis Armstrong • Jazz Ambassador; trumpet/coronet
  24. 24. Bessie Smith • One of the greatest Jazz/Blues singers of all time
  25. 25. Duke Ellington • Composer, pianist, bandleader
  26. 26. Writers • Ernest “Papa” Hemmingway • Wrote of his wartime experiences as ambulance driver in Europe • Powerful writer of short, declarative sentences
  27. 27. F. Scott Fitzgerald • Wrote The Great Gatsby • Novel about wealthy partiers unable to find happiness
  28. 28. Langston Hughes • Poet & author – The younger Negro artists who create now intend to express our individual dark- skinned selves without fear or shame. If white people are pleased we are glad. If they are not, it doesn't matter. We know we are beautiful. And ugly, too.
  29. 29. Zora Neal Hurston • Writer who traveled through the South collecting African American folktales
  30. 30. Heroes • George Herman “Babe” Ruth • Orphan from Baltimore • Pitcher & power-hitter for the New York Yankees • Hit 60 Home Runs in one season
  31. 31. Charles “Lucky” Lindbergh • 1st solo transatlantic flight • Plane called “The Spirit of St. Louis” • Later became vocal supporter of Hitler and the Nazis
  32. 32. Red Scare
  33. 33. The Soviet Union was successful! • A worker-based communist government had been created and was thriving
  34. 34. Communism demands an international worker revolution “Workers of all countries unite, you have nothing to lose but your chains.” Karl Marx
  35. 35. Our 1st Question: • At the time (1920’s) was this international revolution a threat to the US government?
  36. 36. How would you describe the Harding & Coolidge Administrations? • Pro-business generally means anti- labor
  37. 37. Were the Republican administrations of the 1920’s anti- labor? • During WWI, the War Industries Board was generally pro-labor. • After the war, workers wanted higher wages • Management said “NO!” • What do workers do when they don’t like the way they’re being treated?
  38. 38. Were the Republican administrations of the 1920’s anti-labor? • Strikes were broken using the police and private detectives (Pinkertons)
  39. 39. Bad times for working people • Few strikes were successful • Many workers badly beaten • Company Unions formed • Union membership declines significantly
  40. 40. How do workers feel about the government? • Their wages have not gone up • Their strikes have been violently attacked • The government has not helped them at all
  41. 41. Birth of the Red Scare • If American workers are unhappy, what might they do? • What kind of people might influence them to do that?
  42. 42. Foreign Radicals!Foreign Radicals! • Fear of foreign radicals leads to unfairFear of foreign radicals leads to unfair trial & execution of Sacco & Vanzettitrial & execution of Sacco & Vanzetti • Fear of foreign radicals leads toFear of foreign radicals leads to resurgence of the KKKresurgence of the KKK • Fear of foreign radicals leads toFear of foreign radicals leads to QuotaQuota SystemSystem (limits on immigration)(limits on immigration)
  43. 43. Final Question • What are two events that contributed to the Red Scare?

×