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Intro judaism

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Judaism and some comparative religions

Published in: Education, Spiritual

Intro judaism

  1. 1. Sumerian ReligionSumerian Religion
  2. 2.  Egyptian ReligionEgyptian Religion
  3. 3.  HinduismHinduism
  4. 4. Why is Judaism important?Why is Judaism important?  What 2 major world religions are based onWhat 2 major world religions are based on Judaism?Judaism?  What made Judaism different from all otherWhat made Judaism different from all other religions of the time?religions of the time?
  5. 5. I. Origins and History:I. Origins and History: Judaism is the first monotheistic religionJudaism is the first monotheistic religion Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God.Yahweh is the Hebrew name for God. Hebrews , later called Jews, wereHebrews , later called Jews, were nomads who lived in the Fertile Crescentnomads who lived in the Fertile Crescent (the birthplace of monotheism)(the birthplace of monotheism)
  6. 6. Hebrews, also called the nation of Israel,Hebrews, also called the nation of Israel, settled in Palestine (the Promised Land)settled in Palestine (the Promised Land)
  7. 7. In 930 BCE, the Kingdom splitIn 930 BCE, the Kingdom split North was called IsraelNorth was called Israel South was called JudahSouth was called Judah Eventually Israel was invaded and theEventually Israel was invaded and the Hebrews lived under foreign ruleHebrews lived under foreign rule
  8. 8. DiasporaDiaspora-- When the Jews were forcedWhen the Jews were forced out of Palestine and were scatteredout of Palestine and were scattered  They kept their identity, obeyedThey kept their identity, obeyed Hebrew law, and influencedHebrew law, and influenced Christianity and IslamChristianity and Islam
  9. 9. II. Beliefs:II. Beliefs: MonotheismMonotheism- believe in one true God- believe in one true God Chosen peopleChosen people- God made a- God made a covenantcovenant (binding agreement)(binding agreement) with Abrahamwith Abraham
  10. 10. Sacred Text:Sacred Text:  TorahTorah -- First 5 books of theFirst 5 books of the Old TestamentOld Testament -- Tells the story of theTells the story of the Hebrew peopleHebrew people
  11. 11. Ten CommandmentsTen Commandments-- laws that God gave to thelaws that God gave to the Hebrews through MosesHebrews through Moses  They explain religiousThey explain religious duty to God and moralduty to God and moral conductconduct
  12. 12. ProphetsProphets- spiritual leaders that interpreted- spiritual leaders that interpreted God’s will and preachedGod’s will and preached ethicsethics (moral(moral standards of living)standards of living)
  13. 13. III. Important FactsIII. Important Facts Place of Worship:Place of Worship:  Synagogue or TempleSynagogue or Temple
  14. 14. Today:Today: Nation of Israel is JewishNation of Israel is Jewish Neighbor country of Palestine is MuslimNeighbor country of Palestine is Muslim  This has led to constant fighting overThis has led to constant fighting over common holy places in Israelcommon holy places in Israel (Ex. Jerusalem(Ex. Jerusalem))
  15. 15. The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing”Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” The Dome of the Rock
  16. 16. IV. Important Leaders:IV. Important Leaders: AbrahamAbraham  Patriarch or father of Judaism, made aPatriarch or father of Judaism, made a covenantcovenant (binding agreement)(binding agreement) with Godwith God ABRAHAM SARAHHAGAR Isaac EsauJacob 12 Tribes of Ishmael 12 Arabian Tribes Abraham’s Geneaology
  17. 17. MosesMoses adopted son of Egyptian pharaohadopted son of Egyptian pharaoh led Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt to theled Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt to the Promised Land (Canaan). Called thePromised Land (Canaan). Called the Exodus.Exodus. “Shepherd of His People”
  18. 18. King DavidKing David  united the empireunited the empire  defeated the Philistine giant Goliathdefeated the Philistine giant Goliath
  19. 19. King SolomonKing Solomon  David’s sonDavid’s son  Made Jerusalem intoMade Jerusalem into impressive capitalimpressive capital (built temple and(built temple and palace)palace)  He was praised forHe was praised for his wisdomhis wisdom
  20. 20. DeborahDeborah  female judge who won honor and respectfemale judge who won honor and respect  In Hebrew society, women wereIn Hebrew society, women were subordinate (inferior) to men and couldsubordinate (inferior) to men and could not participate in some religiousnot participate in some religious ceremoniesceremonies
  21. 21. Interest DetailsInterest Details  A Mitzvah (MITS-vuh)A Mitzvah (MITS-vuh) literally means commandment.commandment. It is any of the 613ny of the 613 commandments that Jews are obligated tocommandments that Jews are obligated to observe. It can also refer to any Jewish religiousobserve. It can also refer to any Jewish religious obligation, or more generally to any good deed.obligation, or more generally to any good deed. It’s plural is Mitzvot (mits-VOHT)Mitzvot (mits-VOHT)..
  22. 22. Why do Jews wears a yarmulke?Why do Jews wears a yarmulke?  The most commonly known and recognized piece of Jewish garb is actuallyThe most commonly known and recognized piece of Jewish garb is actually the one with the least religious significance. The word yarmulke (usually, butthe one with the least religious significance. The word yarmulke (usually, but not really correctly, pronounced yammica) isnot really correctly, pronounced yammica) is YiddishYiddish. It comes from a Tartar. It comes from a Tartar word meaning skullcap. According to someword meaning skullcap. According to some OrthodoxOrthodox rabbisrabbis, it comes from, it comes from the Aramaic words "yerai malka" (fear of or respect for The King).the Aramaic words "yerai malka" (fear of or respect for The King).  It is an ancient practice for Jews to cover their heads during prayer. ThisIt is an ancient practice for Jews to cover their heads during prayer. This probably derives from the fact that in Eastern cultures, it is a sign of respectprobably derives from the fact that in Eastern cultures, it is a sign of respect to cover the head (the custom in Western cultures is the opposite: it is a signto cover the head (the custom in Western cultures is the opposite: it is a sign of respect to remove one's hat). Thus, by covering the head during prayer,of respect to remove one's hat). Thus, by covering the head during prayer, one showed respect forone showed respect for GodGod. In addition, in ancient Rome, servants were. In addition, in ancient Rome, servants were required to cover their heads while free men did not; thus, Jews covered theirrequired to cover their heads while free men did not; thus, Jews covered their heads to show that they were servants of God. In medieval times, Jewsheads to show that they were servants of God. In medieval times, Jews covered their heads as a reminder that God is always above them.covered their heads as a reminder that God is always above them.  Whatever the reason given, however, covering the head has always beenWhatever the reason given, however, covering the head has always been regarded more as aregarded more as a customcustom rather than arather than a commandmentcommandment..  http://www.jewfaq.org/signs.htmhttp://www.jewfaq.org/signs.htm
  23. 23. Reading the Torah
  24. 24. Hasidic JewsHasidic Jews OriginsOrigins  Hasidic Jews are calledHasidic Jews are called HasidimHasidim in Hebrew. This word derivedin Hebrew. This word derived from the Hebrew word for loving kindness. It focuses on thefrom the Hebrew word for loving kindness. It focuses on the joyful observance of God’s commandments, heartfelt prayer andjoyful observance of God’s commandments, heartfelt prayer and boundless love for God and the world He created.boundless love for God and the world He created.  The movement originated in Eastern Europe in the 18th centuryThe movement originated in Eastern Europe in the 18th century by Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (1700-1760). As his following grew,by Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer (1700-1760). As his following grew, he became known as the Baal Shem Tov (abbreviated as Besht)he became known as the Baal Shem Tov (abbreviated as Besht) which means “Master of the Good Name”.which means “Master of the Good Name”.
  25. 25. Why do Hasidic men always wear aWhy do Hasidic men always wear a hat?hat? Religious male Jews (not just Hasidim) wear a hatReligious male Jews (not just Hasidim) wear a hat to cover the head in respect for God. Coveringto cover the head in respect for God. Covering the head reminds us that there is a Creator, athe head reminds us that there is a Creator, a Higher Power, above our own limited minds.Higher Power, above our own limited minds. Any head covering will do, but some people likeAny head covering will do, but some people like a certain style of hat to identify their group.a certain style of hat to identify their group. Others simply have personal preferences aboutOthers simply have personal preferences about hats.hats.
  26. 26. Why do Hasidic Jews always wear black?Why do Hasidic Jews always wear black?  Some Hasidic groups do have a uniform of sortsSome Hasidic groups do have a uniform of sorts for the men, while others do not. Male Hasidicfor the men, while others do not. Male Hasidic clothing does not have to be black, but is usually aclothing does not have to be black, but is usually a dark, conservative color. The use of black clothingdark, conservative color. The use of black clothing on Sabbaths and holy days traces back to a timeon Sabbaths and holy days traces back to a time when black dye was rare and expensive, so blackwhen black dye was rare and expensive, so black was reserved for formal occasions (the same aswas reserved for formal occasions (the same as tuxedos and "black tie" events in the seculartuxedos and "black tie" events in the secular world.) The Sabbath is a time for honoring Godworld.) The Sabbath is a time for honoring God by dressing nicely (as you would in the presence ofby dressing nicely (as you would in the presence of a king), so people wore their best black coats ona king), so people wore their best black coats on the Sabbath.the Sabbath.
  27. 27. What is the significance of the untrimmed beards andWhat is the significance of the untrimmed beards and sidecurls?sidecurls?  TheThe payospayos (sidecurls, pronounced PAY-us) and beard are worn in(sidecurls, pronounced PAY-us) and beard are worn in obedience to this commandment in the Torah (Bible):obedience to this commandment in the Torah (Bible): You shall not round the corners of your heads, nor mar the edges ofYou shall not round the corners of your heads, nor mar the edges of your beards. (Leviticus 19:27)your beards. (Leviticus 19:27)  The "corners of the head" are the area above the ears. "Not rounding"The "corners of the head" are the area above the ears. "Not rounding" them means not shaving the hair there, or cutting it very short.them means not shaving the hair there, or cutting it very short. Together, both the curls and the untrimmed beard are a symbol ofTogether, both the curls and the untrimmed beard are a symbol of obedience to the laws of God. Many Hasidic men also cut the rest ofobedience to the laws of God. Many Hasidic men also cut the rest of the hair very short. This is not really required, but is more comfortablethe hair very short. This is not really required, but is more comfortable under a hat. Also, some Hasidim see the entire haircut -- very short hairunder a hat. Also, some Hasidim see the entire haircut -- very short hair with beard and payos -- as part of the "uniform" of their group.with beard and payos -- as part of the "uniform" of their group.  Most men twist them while still wet. If you do this often enough, the hairMost men twist them while still wet. If you do this often enough, the hair gets trained that way. A boy starts wearing payos at age three. Beforegets trained that way. A boy starts wearing payos at age three. Before that, his hair is not cut at all, and is allowed to grow long. On his thirdthat, his hair is not cut at all, and is allowed to grow long. On his third birthday, there is a special ceremony where the hair is cut short exceptbirthday, there is a special ceremony where the hair is cut short except for the sidecurls.for the sidecurls.  http://www.pinenet.com/~rooster/hasid2.html#HASID2-Q1http://www.pinenet.com/~rooster/hasid2.html#HASID2-Q1
  28. 28. Mount Sinai
  29. 29. St. Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai
  30. 30. Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem
  31. 31. King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan The First Temple
  32. 32. Inside the Temple Tabernacle The Arc of the Covenant
  33. 33. Kingdoms of Judah & Israel
  34. 34. Israelites in Captivity
  35. 35. Judaism Major EventsJudaism Major Events timelinetimeline 2000 B.C.E. – God commands Abraham to move from Ur to Canaan
  36. 36. Judaism Major EventsJudaism Major Events timelinetimeline 2000 B.C.E. – God commands Abraham to move from Ur to Canaan 1300 B.C.E. – Moses leads Exodus of Jews from Egypt
  37. 37. Judaism Major EventsJudaism Major Events timelinetimeline 2000 B.C.E. – God commands Abraham to move from Ur to Canaan 1300 B.C.E. – Moses leads Exodus of Jews from Egypt You do the rest. Read pages 75 & 76. Then choose the 4 most important events to finish the timeline
  38. 38. Comparing Religions… use yourComparing Religions… use your notes to create a chartnotes to create a chart HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Holy BooksHoly Books Moral LawMoral Law LeadersLeaders Final GoalFinal Goal
  39. 39. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Holy BooksHoly Books Moral LawMoral Law LeadersLeaders Final GoalFinal Goal
  40. 40. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Moral LawMoral Law LeadersLeaders Final GoalFinal Goal
  41. 41. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma LeadersLeaders Final GoalFinal Goal
  42. 42. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins Final GoalFinal Goal
  43. 43. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha
  44. 44. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha
  45. 45. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha
  46. 46. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha
  47. 47. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha
  48. 48. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment
  49. 49. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none One God (1One God (1stst monotheisticmonotheistic religion)religion) Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment
  50. 50. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none One God (1One God (1stst monotheisticmonotheistic religion)religion) Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Torah & TalmudTorah & Talmud Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment
  51. 51. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none One God (1One God (1stst monotheisticmonotheistic religion)religion) Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Torah & TalmudTorah & Talmud Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path TenTen CommandmentsCommandments LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment
  52. 52. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none One God (1One God (1stst monotheisticmonotheistic religion)religion) Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Torah & TalmudTorah & Talmud Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path TenTen CommandmentsCommandments LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Rabbis, judges,Rabbis, judges, kings, prophetskings, prophets Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment
  53. 53. HinduismHinduism BuddhismBuddhism JudaismJudaism Number of GodsNumber of Gods Many, all faces ofMany, all faces of BrahmanBrahman Originally, noneOriginally, none One God (1One God (1stst monotheisticmonotheistic religion)religion) Holy BooksHoly Books Vedas,Vedas, UpanishadsUpanishads Books on theBooks on the teachings & lifeteachings & life of the Buddhaof the Buddha Torah & TalmudTorah & Talmud Moral LawMoral Law KarmaKarma Eightfold pathEightfold path TenTen CommandmentsCommandments LeadersLeaders BrahminsBrahmins MonksMonks Rabbis, judges,Rabbis, judges, kings, prophetskings, prophets Final GoalFinal Goal MokshaMoksha EnlightenmentEnlightenment Moral life throughMoral life through obedience to God’sobedience to God’s lawlaw

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