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Military Recruitment Of High School Students


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My honors sociology senior thesis

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Military Recruitment Of High School Students

  1. 1. Military Recruitment of High School Students<br />Emily Beavers<br />
  2. 2. Literature Review<br />The military demographics before AFV (Stouffer et al 1949; Monskos 1971; White 2004; Baker 2008; Browne-Marshall 2008)<br />Demographics of Soldiers post AVF (Teachman et al 1993 ; Department of Defense 1998; Bachman et al 2000; Griffith 2008)<br />
  3. 3. Literature Review cont.<br />Military benefits for students (Ayers 2006; Carnevale 2006) <br />Recruitment within high schools (Lewn 2003; Dobbs 2005; Feder 2006; Berkhart 2008)<br />
  4. 4. Theory<br />Power Elite (Mills) <br />“ men whose positions enable them to transcend the ordinary environments…they are in positions to make decisions having major consequences” (Mills 2003:303)<br />Rational Choice (Merton 2008)<br />People choose the best option to achieve a goal. <br />
  5. 5. Hypothesis<br />Students of lower socioeconomic status experience higher rates of military recruitment<br />Students of racial minorities experience higher rates of military recruitment <br />Students of lower academic achievement experience higher rates of military recruitment<br />
  6. 6. Methods<br />Quantitative <br /> Surveys <br />20 questions<br />257 respondents <br />Concepts<br />Qualitative <br />Interviews – Army recruiters <br />Seven interviews <br />
  7. 7. Results<br />Descriptive Stats <br />
  8. 8. Results<br />Descriptive Stats <br />
  9. 9. Results<br />Descriptive Stats <br />
  10. 10. Results<br />Descriptive Stats <br />
  11. 11. Results Cont. <br />Prevalence of Recruitment <br />
  12. 12. Results Cont. <br />Prevalence of Recruitment <br />
  13. 13. Results Cont. <br />Prevalence of Recruitment <br />
  14. 14. Results Cont. <br />Prevalence of Recruitment <br />
  15. 15. Results cont.<br />
  16. 16. Results cont.<br />
  17. 17. Results cont.<br />Interviews <br />Five (of seven) army recruiters reported the demographics of those recruited <br />Of the five recruiters <br />4 reported visiting their schools once a week <br />Those schools varied in socioeconomic status but had at least one majority Black school <br />
  18. 18. Results cont.<br />Interviews<br />Of those five interviewed only three recruiters reported student enlistments sums <br />Two of the three reported 24-26 students <br /> Both recruiters varied in racial makeup and socioeconomic status <br />One of the three reported 80 students <br />They recruited from majority Black, lower income students<br />
  19. 19. Discussion<br />Socioeconomic status did not seem to affect recruitment<br />Academic status did seem to affect recruitment <br />Consistent with rational choice theory<br />
  20. 20. Discussion cont.<br />“You’d expect me say we recruit from the ‘holler’ and the ‘ghetto’ but we don’t”<br />Turns out recruiters do approach racial minorities first. <br />Constant with Rational Choice Theory<br />Power Elite<br />
  21. 21. Discussion cont.<br />Other options beside the military should be given to high school students<br />Bigger, Better, Sample<br />