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DINACHARYA IN AYURVEDA FOR HEALTHY
BODY, MIND & SOUL
Dr. SREEDHAR RAO (Sree)
BAMS, MD (Ayu), M.Sc (Yoga)
Director – Scientific Services
God of Ayurveda
‘We offer our obeisance to
Lord Dhanvantari, the
creator of various
medicines, the destroyer of
various diseases and the
fear of old age and death,
And who is worshipped by
all men, deities and
THE FIVE ELEMENTS
THE THREE DOSHAS
ETHER + AIR VATA
FIRE + WATER PITTA
WATER + EARTH KAPHA
VATA DOSHA CONTROLS MOVEMENT
PITTA DOSHA CONTROLS METABOLISM
KAPHA DOSHA CONTROLS STRUCTURE
Qualities: Cool, dry, irregularity & expansive
Physical: chilled, dry skin, dry kinky or wavy hair, light
coloured eye, irregular or disproportionate build, light on
feet and loose jointed
Mentally: Creative, enthusiasts, intuitive, even
clairvoyant, sharp minds, but poor memories, they get lost
easily, like wind their energy come in bursts, they tend to
push hard then collapse
Imbalance: Fearful & can suffer from insomnia &
constipation, chronic fatigue & chronic pain syndromes
Qualities: Hot, oily, irritable and intense
Physical: Medium build(athletic), angular faces,
fine/thin hair that grays(balds) early, red tints in
Mentally: Quick-witted, intelligent, ambitious &
Imbalance: Angry, impatient, impulsive, violent.
Tend to have inflammatory illnesses-bleeding
ulcers, colitis, chronic sore throats or red ,warm,
itchy or burning skin eruptions.
Qualities: Cold, heavy, wet & stable
Physical: Large frames, well lubricated joints, have
cool, pale, thick skin, large eyes, broad, even teeth
& lustrous hair.
Mentally: Determined, steady, hard working &
loyal. Excellent concentration, memory, long
patience. For this reason they make good managers
Imbalance: Overweight, develop fibroid or fatty
tumours & suffer from chronic or sinus congestion.
Greedy, lazy and stuck in their ruts.
“Cough” derived from Sanskirt word “Kapha” 7
Healthy Everyday Regimen
• A man wishing to be healthy throughout his life has
to be healthy everyday as well
• Health depends on how one spends each day
• Controlled and guided activities of body and mind
are essential for maintaining sound health
• The ideal way in which a healthy person should
spend his day is explained in this lecture
Time to wake up – “Brahmi muhurtam”
At this time the
mind is fresh and
calm and quiet.
Hence one can
prayers or studies.
* Bladder and bowels should be
emptied regularly after
waking up in the morning as
the autonomic reflexes are
naturally active at this time.
• This gives a sense of relief
and makes one feel more
• Regular bowel habits help
one to prevent borborygmy,
distension and heaviness in
the stomach. 10
Washing the face
Persons with thin, delicate, red and warm skin
should use cold water or rose water or cold milk.
Persons with dry, rough skin should use warm
Persons with oily or oedematous face should use
Washing the face helps to get rid of pimples and
skin diseases on the face.
It prevents any bleeding tendency of facial skin
and gives lustre to the face. 11
Brushing the teeth
Herbal Tooth Paste:
Equal quantities of ginger,
pepper, long pepper,
bay leaf, triphala, khadir
(catechu) and rock salt
(saindhav), which should
be used as a paste with
Accompained by a gum
massage with sesame oil
& gargle to cleanse and
line your mouth.
Tongue scraping helps to get
rid of waste products and bad
odour of the mouth, improves
taste sensation and exerts a
tonic effect on the tongue.
It has been proved that the
bacterial flora in the mouth is
considerably reduced by
cleaning the tongue. Its
value in preventing the
diseases of the mouth was
realised by modern medicine
only very recently.
Drinking cold water
Drinking cold water is useful for persons suffering
Malabsorption, constipation, piles
Aabdominal disorders, abdominal distension
Urinal disorders, blood disorders
Diseases and disorders of ears, norse, throat, head,
eyes, back, pelvis and skin.
Every society and every religion considers
a few objects or events as auspicious and
others as inauspicious. Looking at such
objects or touching them frequently is
considered auspicious before work or
Looking in a mirror
One should look at self in a mirror as it
gives an idea about:
state of health
Care of eyes
Deepatratak – Candle light
One shold sit, in an erect
posture, on a chair and keep a
lighted candle on the table at a
distance of 18 inches. The
flame of the candle should be
steady. This is readily achieved
by closing all the windows and
doors and turning off the fan or
by covering the candle with a
One should focus on the flame
without blinking initially for
half a minute. The focussing
time should be gradually
increased to 5-10 minutes. 17
Care of Ears
Putting oil drops in ears
prevents vataja ear
prevents stiffness of
neck and jaw
Prevents deafness and
Care of nose
It forms a protective layer on
the olfactory nerves and exerts a
soothing effect on the nerves.
Oil is also an antiseptic and it
exerts a soothing and nourishing
effect on the nose and paranasal
It gives a pleasant smell to the
breath. The voice becomes clear
It strengthens the blood vessels,
muscles and joints of head and
It is supposed to prevent
premature greying of hair and
Gargling the mouth
With hot water exerts cleansing action on the
mouth, teeth, gums and tongue. It imparts a light
and fresh feeling to the mouth.
Gargling with cold milk has a cooling and
cleansing action on the mouth and is useful in
Gargling with sesame oil exerts a cleansing and
strengthening action on the tongue, gums, teeth,
mouth and voice. It prevents stomatitis. It also
improves the sense of taste.
Medicinal smoking is inhaling smoke of
medicines through the nose or the mouth.
Smoke is hot, penetrating, increasing
pitta, antagonizes kapha and has
cleansing action on air passages including
the minute ones.
Holding fragrant substances in
One should hold
fragrant substances like
nutmeg or betelnut in
the mouth. They help to
clean the mouth,
improve taste sensation
and mask bad odours.
These substances keep
the mouth clean and
Morning Oil Massage
1. Skin becomes soft, strong
2. The blood vessels and the
nerves in the skin are
3. Increases the muscular
4. Relieves fatigue
5. Induces sound sleep
6. Delays aging process 23and
Coarse powder massage in local
erythema, increased heat and
stimulation of local pitta i.e.
enzymes in the skin.
The complexion of the skin and
the muscle tone improve. The
vessels in the skin and
underlying muscles dilate and
the capillary circulation
Local accumulation of fat is
prevented, thus giving a feeling
of lightness to the body.
The stiffness of the body is
relieved. The stability of the
body is increased. Appetite
The person becomes more alert,24
feels refreshed and cheerful.
Involves the mind, the body and the breathing
Yogic Exercises or Asanas:
These exercises differ from
the usual physical exercises
in that the movements are
slow and merge steadily
from one posture into
another. They are meant to
improve the functions of
internal organs rather than
to develop muscles e.g.
pranayama or breathing
exercises is good for lungs.
Shaving, hair cut and nails
One should regularly go for a hair cut
every sixth day and shave daily before
going out for professional work. One
should not allow nails to grow beyond
fingertips. These procedures add to one’s
personality, hygiene, sex urge and
One should take a bath, at least
once a day. Pay special attention
to all body secretion areas and
every orifice. Never have a bath
or shower colder than luke-
Heaviness, exhaustion &
Body, sense organs & mind feel
Soothing effect on blood and
reflexly the heart is stimulated
Appetite & digestive power
Sexual power increases
One should worship a particular
God to whom one is naturally
Charak quotes this prayer for
improving the health of body and
“Let the God of fire retain in my
body; let the God of wind
maintain my life & breath; let
Lord Vishnu give me strength;
let Indra supplement my body
with energy. Let me be dedicated
to celibacy, knowledge,
friendship, generosity, sympathy
and true happiness”.
A person with Vata constitution should wear
yellow or red cotton or silk clothes.
Persons with pitta constitution should wear white,
green or blue cotton clothes.
Persons with kapha constitution should wear red
In general one should wear clean, soft and white
clothes as they impart happiness, success, wealth
Flowers, scents & cosmetics
Act as de-odorants, exert a soothing effect on mind and
Flowers and perfumes increase enthusiasm, sex urge and
strengthen the constitution of a person.
Gold Ornaments: A person wearing gold ornaments
looks attractive and happy. A very little gold is
absorbed through skin. Gold increase Oja, the essence
of all tissues, gives lustre to body and neutralises all the
It exerts a pleasing effect on mind.
If you are in job which
makes you nervous,
irritable consider a
You will be happiest in
jobs with lots of routine
and steady performance
requirement. This may
vary with different body
A healthy person should take a
balanced diet having all the six
taste in moderate amount.
One should take hot, fresh food in
good company at appropriate
Some dietetic items while
nourishing the body maintain a
balanced state of tissues, doshas
and waste products. Diet should
mainly consist of these items.
Other food items though
nourishing disturb the balanced
state of the body. These food
items should be taken
occasionally and in small
After lunch one should walk
100 steps slowly to and fro.
One should relax in supine
position for a period lasting
8 breaths, then lie on the
right side for a period
lasting 16 breaths, and later
turn on the left side and
relax for a period lasting 32
This process should be
repeated after lunch as well
as after dinner.
A healthy person should
relax in a chair in a sitting
posture or with a backrest
and doze off for about a33 half
to one hour.
It should be performed early at night. It should not
be performed at dawn, midday, dusk or midnight,
when the vata and pitta are increased and one cannot
take adequate rest after intercourse.
Frequency of Intercourse: In general intercourse
should be preformed on every 4th day in autumn
Intercourse should be performed once every 15th
day in summer and monsoon. In winter one can
enjoy sex to one’s satisfaction.
An average person should
focus his attention on the
image of God he loves and
try to meditate.
One should regularly
meditate after waking up
and before sleep.
A person who is unable to
meditate should try to
control his various
behaviour and actions so
that he evolves into a
Getting ready for bed
Go to bed to sleep.
No reading, eating
television in bed.
Sleeping on the left
side will open your
right nostril which
will help in
digestion of the
Usually 6-7 hours
sleep is enough to
give rest to both
the body and the
mind if the body
routine is well
Let everyone be happy;
Let not anyone suffer from
Let everyone be a well-
wisher of other and;
Let not anyone suffer from