FOR TOTAL HEALTH Dr. Sreedhar Rao M.D(Ay), P.G..Dip.Yoga, (Ph.D) Consultant – International Cooperation Department of AYUSH Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India
Ayu + VedaLIFE: The unified State of Science: Body, Mind & Soul Knowledge Ayurveda = Science of Life
What is Ayurveda? •Is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian Subcontinent •Practiced in other parts of the world like USA, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia etc as a form of complementary and alternative medicine•Involves use of herbs, massage, andYoga as exercise•Or applied on their own as a form ofCAM treatment
Ayurveda – the Wisdom of Life • Offers a proven guide for a life of happiness, vitality, love and purpose. • Human beings are not viewed as mere thinking physical machines, but • Rather as fields of intelligence in dynamic exchange with the energy and information of the environment.
Ayurveda – a holistic system • A Comprehensive System with equal emphasis on the body, mind and spirit • Strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual • It is not only about treating sickness – preventing disease and enhancing health, longevity, vitality and happiness.
Vedas• It is the bedrock upon which Ayurveda rests• Considered to be composed around 1500- 2000 BC• Four Veda Rig-veda : lots of stuff Sam-veda : Soma sacrifice Yajur-veda : entire sacrificial rite Athar-veda : lots of medical text (fever, diarrheas, heart disease, jaundice, cough, leprosy)
Plastic Surgery in Ayurveda Rhinoplasty – An Ancient Ayurveda TechniqueSkillful treatments for snake-bites
Ayurveda in 20th Century • Ayurveda flourished till 12th century, till the Muslim invasion • Not much progress from 12th to 17th century • British invasion : 1833 virtually all Ayurveda schools closed, opening of British medical schools • 1920 : a national revival and resurgence of interest in traditional Indian culture and practices • 1946 : Formal Govt. recognition and reacceptance of Ayurveda and resurgence of research. • Currently, however it holds a secondary place in medicine in India • India Govt. officially recognizes as legitimate: Allopathy, Homoeopathy, Naturopathy, Unani Tibb, Ayurveda, and its cousins Siddha and Yoga.
Most fundamental Principle “ Prakriti Purusha Samya” Prakriti (Nature): Governed by • Air • Sun and • Water Purusha (Living body): Regulated by 3 vital entities: “Doshas” – • Vata, • Pitta an • Kapha
Mind Body Soul Trinity: Personality in AyurvedaPURUSH Soul CONSCIOUS (Living)PRAKRITI Mind Non-living Matrix Body
Preventive Care to Preserve Health Therapeutic means to treat Disease Disease Care Vs Health Care
Ayurvedic Approach of Health andDisease Promotion Prevention of of Health Disease Ayurveda Science of Longevity with quality of life Holistic management of disease
Definition of Health Dosha - 3 (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) Physical & Agni - 13 (Metabolic fire) Physiological Dhatu - 7 (Body tissues)Components of Mala - 3 (Waste products) health Indriya - 5 (Sensory motor organs) Psychological Manas - 1 (Mind) Spiritual Atma - Soul One whose doshas, agni, functions of doshas and malas are in state of equilibrium, who has cheerful atman, mind, intellect and sense organs is designated as healthy.
The Four Components of Life Health according to Ayurveda is perfect balance between • Body : Sharir • Senses : Indriya • Mind : Sattva • Spirit (Soul) : Atma
PANCHAMAHABHUTA THEORY- 5 elementsAKASH VAYU AGNI JALA PRITHVI Space Air Fire Water Earth VATA PITTA KAPHA + SOUL TRIDOSHA THEORY- 3 DOSHAS HEALTH DISEASE AYURVEDAEQUILIBRIUM DISEQUILIBRIUM of 3 DOSHAS of 3 DOSHAS
Effecting Human PhysiologySpace :• In the human body, many spaces are aspects of the Space element.• The spaces in the mouth, nose, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, abdomen, thorax, capillaries, etc.
Effecting Human PhysiologyAir :• All movements involve Air as an element.• The nature of the elements themselves determine the nature of physiology.• With the human body Air is present in the pulsations of the heart, lungs etc.
Effecting Human Physiology• Fire : The source of Fire and light in the solar system is the sun.• In the human body, the source of Fire is metabolism.• Fire works in the digestive system as well as in the gray matter of the brain, where Fire manifests as intelligence. Fire also activates the retina to perceive light.• Therefore body temperature, digestion, thinking etc are all the functions of the Fire.
Effecting Human PhysiologyWater:• It manifests in the body as the secretions of digestive juices, in the mucous membranes and in plasma and cytoplasm.• Water is vital for the functioning of all the systems of the body.• For example, dehydration resulting from diarrhea and vomiting is due to water element.
Effecting Human PhysiologyEarth :• The fifth element, is also present in the microcosm of the human being.• Life is possible on this planet because the Earth holds all living and non-living substances to its solid surface.
The Four Components of Life 2. INDRIYA (Senses & Functions): ELEVEN • Gyan-Indriya (Senses) : FIVE, Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch & Taste • Karm-Indriya (Voluntary functions) : 3. MANAS (Mind) : Supreme Indriya that controls all ten Indriya • Has three abstract qualities – ‘Sattva’, ‘Rajas’ and ‘Tamas’.
The Four Components of Life4. ATMA (Soul/Self) :• Param Atma : Supreme, immortal pure has only Sattva, free of happiness or sorrow.• Jiv Atma : resides in living body attached to Rajas and Tamas, witness every function & emotion throughout the life.
TridoshaAyurveda is based on 3 energies.Their balanced state is health and imbalance disease.• VATA – the kinetic energy, movement, division, growth, etc.• PITTA – the thermal energy, heat generation, intellect,sight, etc.• KAPHA – the potential energy
Three Doshas (Tridoshas)• Tridoshas are Vata, Pitta & Kapha• Tridosha concept is applicable in living organisms• Tridoshas are biological entities responsible for structure, function and behaviour dimensions of all living organisms• Therefore human body mind constitution (Prakriti), diseases, Medicines and Food all has been categorized in Vata type, Pitta type and Kapha type.• But nothing is absolute pure; every thing is permutation and combination of Tridoshas
Concept of Sapta Dhatus( 7 Body Tissues)Body is made up of Seven Tissues and their function is to maintain the body matrix 1. Rasa 5. Asthi (Plasma) (Bones) 2. Rakta 6. Majja (Blood) (Bone marrow) 3. Mansa 7. Shukra (Muscles) (Reproductive tissues) 4. Medas (Fats) Ojas (Responsible for Immunity)
Genetic Constitution of Body “Prakriti Purusha Samya”
Concept of Prakriti (Body Mind Constitution and Temperament)• Concept of Prakriti (human constitution) is related to physiological attributes to health and disease.• Prakriti is determined by relative predominance of dosha in intra-uterine life of a fetus.• Prakriti is unchangeable throughout the life span, but• One can take remedial measures in diet and behavior suitable to his/her prakriti to maintain health and prevention of disease.
Significance of Prakriti in ClinicalMedicine• For Promotive & Preventive Health – Know your prakriti and diseases susceptibility – Prakriti will tell the risk factors, course of disease, complications and prognosis – Follow your diet, behaviour, profession and life style suitable to your prakriti to lead a healthy life.• Curative Health – Select the drugs and dose as per prakriti – Drug body interaction and reaction pattern depend upon the prakriti of individual & drug – Associated complications of a disease, prognosis and their treatment can be improved as per prakriti of disease & individual
Causes of diseases…• Man made activities - Prajnaparadha• Environmental factors• Genetic factors Psychological factors….
Diagnosis in AyurvedaThe two main pillars on which the diagnosis• History of Illness:• Examination of the Patient:• a) General Examination or Ashta Vidha Pariksha: Examination of the pulse (Naadi Pariksha), Tongue, Urine and stool examination, Speech, Examination by palpation and percussion, Gait (bodily movement), General appearance of the patient, and Examination of the constitution (Prakriti).• b) Systemic Examination: This consists of examination of the different systems, Skin and Hair, and Eyes .
Marma Vigyana(Vital Points of Body)• Trimarma- Vasti, Hridya, Shir• Total Numbers of marmas: 107• Types- Based on Structure & Based on Discomfort/ Dysfunction – Mansamarma, Siramarma, Snayumarma, Sandhimarma, Asthimarma, Dnamnimarma – Sadhyapranahara, Kalantarpranahar, Vaikalyakar, Vishalyagh, Rujakara
The factors responsible forprevention of illness and promotionof health Day regimen (Dinacharya) Night regimen (Ratricharya ) Seasonal regimen (Rutucharya) Seasonal Purification (Rutu anusara Shodhana)
Basic treatment modalities Pacification Treatment Purification TreatmentPacifies doshas locally Removes doshas from bodyComparatively of temporary Effect lasts for longaction.Done in minimal or moderate Done in profound dosha and ofdosha and of minimal or profound strengthmoderate strengthDoes not interfere much with Normalizes tissue (dhatu)tissues (dhatus) functions
Drug Therapy in Ayurveda• DRUG (AUSHADHA)“One which ensures alleviation the disease but does not give rise to any other disorders”• PLANT origin• MINERAL origin• ANIMAL origin• Single or Compound formulations of above• Employed as per ‘Yukti’ (planning).
Rasayana• Rejuvenation Therapy• Delays Aging• Provide Immunity• Improve Memory and sensory perception Traditional way to be EVER GREEN
Personal Health is a BALANCEof -• Good Food• Good Regimen• Good emotions• Good Environment
Food in Ayurveda• Quantity and Quality well defined….• Food Combinations are important• Natural food are highlighted…
Seasonal Regimens• Different Regimens in different seasons• Improves immunity• Fight against infectious diseases• Prevents seasonal diseases
Social Health• Healthy Societies….• Pollution free air, water, land etc…..• Good Health education
Caring the Nature• Protection of Ecosystem• Cultivation of medicinal plants• Prevents massive exploitation of natural resources• Preventing pollution….
Ayurveda Vs Modern MedicinePhilosophyM: treats discrete disease entitiesA: treats subtle dysphoria, whose disruptive trends may later develop into discrete diseaseDiagnosticM: scientific objectivity and verifiability (accumulating statistically significant data) – “experience-distant”A: pratyaksha (perceptive understanding of each individual “experience- near”TreatmentM: Linear logic, categorical and uses a classification system of diseaseA: Maintenance of optimal health by daily proactive care, continually modified according to seasonal changesBeliefA: Individual has the innate capacity for potential self-correction and primary self healing
Benefits of AyurvedaPhysical BenefitsThe basic constitution representsthe individual’s psychological andphysical nature, distinctly.Non-invasive diagnostic Ayurvedic treatments arebeneficial for chronic diseases such as diabetes,heart ailments and cancer.Difficult diseases like asthma and tumor growths(gulmas) are managed effectively.
Benefits of Ayurveda•Detoxification methods like Panchakarma andother herbal remedies make the body moreresponsive to medicines and treatment.•It hastens the healing process. •Yogasanas achieve the twin purpose of strengthening body-parts such as bone, muscle and vital organs like heart, liver, stomach, intestine as well as •Keeping out blood circulation and psychological conditions strong and resilient.A discerning diet according to one’s dosha type, and well regulated life (dinacharya) helps strengthen one’s natural immune system.
Benefits of AyurvedaPsychological Benefits:It is said that the condition of bodyand mind are integral to the overallhealth of an individual. Ayurvedic massages, inhalation of herbal (Aromatherapy) preparations, panchakarma (nasya) besides much-tested yogasanas and meditation leave a calming effect on the nerves.
Benefits of Ayurveda Spiritual Benefits: The treatment methods, diet and lifestyle regimen in Ayurveda are meticulously planned to heal the body as well enrich the mind So that each can improve from their own levels to the higher goal of realizing the full self-potential. It was with Ayurveda that the unique longevity and rejuvenating method of rasayana was born for mankind to progress in the path of spirituality.
Summary of Benefits of Ayurveda• Ayurveda is not only treatment, it is a way of life• Has no side effects• Gives happy, healthy disease free long life• Makes you Tension Free• Relaxes mind• Provides knowledge about life• Tells about good and bad dietary effects to life• Tells the way for life goals, with keeping good health status
Ayurveda and Tourism• Maintain positive health for domestic and foreign tourists….• Tourism in its purity…..
Systems Thinking + +Wellness aware Interest of Attractive Moretourist Yoga, environment tourists + Ayurveda… -More wellness aware the tourist More attractive theis, more interest of yoga and environment is, more touristsayurveda the tourist has. come.More interest of Yoga, Ayurveda the More tourists come, lesstourist has, more wellness aware the attractive the environment is..tourist is..
Tourism in the future• Tourism in the past: sand, sea, sun• Today and the future: awareness of wellbeing active rest wellness
New Model of Wellness Tourism Environment - + - Ayurveda + Yoga + Attraction Crowd Infrastructure Culture, awareness of + wellbeing + Number of + tourists Investments + to wellness programs
Endless List of scopes….• Sports medicine• Post Traumatic Stress Disorders….• Disaster management…• Anti addiction programs• Veterinary medicine….
Healing with a Feeling…..• Care for Soul, mind, body and sense organs• Holistic approach• Care the nature to care you back• YES….! Ayurveda is not a mere medical science, but a LIFE SCIENCE…
Come on ….. Let us unite with our• Head - Intelligence• Heart - Attitude• Hand -Skilled work