GRAMMAR REVISION PASSIVE VOICE TRANSFORMATION CARDS People believed that the chairman of the committee is involved in the scandal. (BE) The chairman of the committee _______ ______________in the scandal.
The chairman of the committee is believed to be involved in the scandal. She misses _________________in the evenings. She misses her friends visiting her in the evenings. (VISITED)
She misses being visited by her friends in the evenings. Photographs_______________ in the museum. Don’t take photographs in the museum. (MUST)
Photographs must not be taken in the museum. I ______________ of my car after the accident. Someone helped me get out of the car after the accident. (WAS)
I was helped to get out of my car after the accident . I _________ a letter by Hogwarts if he had known my address. Hogwarts would have sent me a letter if he had known my address. (BEEN)
I would have been sent a letter by Hogwarts if he had known my address.
Modal + be + participle (get) Modal verbs in the same passive voice follow the same pattern.
Modal Verbs – Passive Voice Passive Voice They can be given money. Money can be given to them. Can be given Active Voice You can give money to them .
Statements Modals have only one form. They do not have –s in the third person singular. Subject Modal Be Past Participle The crew Will (not) Be Replaced Next month Should (not) Must (not) Had better (not)
Unlike modals, have in have (got) to and be in be going to change the different subjects. Questions and negatives with have (got) to need a form of do. Statements subject Have (got) to Be going to be Past participle complement The Mona Lisa Has (got) to Doesn’t have to Is (not) going to be exhibited Next month
Yes/No Questions Short Answers Modal Subject Be Past Particíple Will It Be Replaced? Should Must Can Afirmative Negative Yes, It Will. No, It Won’t. Should. Shouldn’t. Must. Doesn’t have to be. Can. Can’t.
Yes/No Questions Short Answers Auxiliary Verb Subject Have to/ Going to Be Past Participle Does it Have to be Replaced? Is it Going to be Replaced? Affirmative Yes it Does._ is Negative No it __doesn’t._ isn’t.
Name: Sunflowers Artist: Van Gogh Date: 1889 Materials: Oil Paints Name: The Thinker Artist: Rodin Date: 1882 Materials: Bronze
Name: Mona Lisa Artist: Da Vinci Date: 1503-1506 Materials: Oil Name: Guernica Artist: Picasso Date: 1937 Materials: Oil Paints
Topics: Who directed Pulp Fiction? (Quentin Tarantino) Where was Life is Beautiful produced? (Italy) Where was The Lord of the Rings filmed? (New Zealand) Who directed 2001: A Space Odyssey ? (Stanley Kubrik)
Writers Who wrote Hamlet ? (Shakespeare) Who wrote Moby Dick? (Melville); Who wrote Crime and Punishment ? (Dostoyevsky) Who wrote Frankenstein ? (Shelly)
REMEMBER: <ul><li>The passive is formed with the Present or Past Simple of the verb to be + the past participle of the main verb. </li></ul><ul><li>To be + Past Participle </li></ul><ul><li>Modal + Be + Past participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Modal + Be + Past Participle </li></ul><ul><li>Subject + Have (got) to / Be going to + Be + Past Participle </li></ul><ul><li>Present simple: a lot of wine is produced in Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Past simple: America was discovered by Columbus </li></ul>
<ul><li>Grammar issues on The Passive with modals. Retrieved Sept. 19 th 2011, from www1.aucegypt.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Vince, M. (2008). Macmillan English Grammar in Context, Advanced. Oxford: Macmillan Publishers Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter, R. McCarthy, M. (2007). Cambridge Grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Pollock, C.W. (1982). Communicate What You Mean. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>TOEFL Grammar. Retrieved Sept. 17 th , 2011, from www.english-test.net </li></ul><ul><li>Passive voice worksheet retrieved Sept.10th 2011 from www.bussyteacher.org/passive-voice </li></ul>