Adjective Clauses Focus on Grammar The Fearless Princess A Fairytale 2
Once upon a time, there was a prince. He decided to take a walk in a dark and scary forest. All of a sudden, a terrible storm moved in… … and the prince got completely lost.
In the morning, a terrifying dragon found the prince. The prince became very, very scared. Suddenly a knight in armor appeared from behind a tree and attacked the dragon. Now, the terrible dragon was afraid and ran away.
When the prince walked up to the knight, the knight took off his armor … … and a beautiful princess stood in front of him. She was strong and smart and sweet …
… and she took him to her castle where they lived happily ever after.
Can you complete these definitions? An adjective clause is a … Adjective clause pronouns (or relative pronouns) are … An adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. An adjective clause is a dependent clause that describes a noun or pronoun in a main clause. Adjective clause pronouns (or relative pronouns) are who, whom, which, and that. Definitions An adjective describes …
This is the prince who got lost. Here is the knight that the prince respects. This is the princess who saved the prince. Relative Pronouns 1 Use who and that to refer to people.
The knight holds the sword which scared the dragon. The dragon that scared the prince spits fire. Relative Pronouns 2 Use which and that to refer to things.
This is the princess that saved the prince’s life. Relative Pronouns 3 The knight holds the sword that scared the dragon. That is less formal than who and which .
Relative Pronoun 4 Whom is the object of the clause. After Whom you should see a subject (noun or pronoun) The knight Whom you see its a princess.
He attacked the dragon. Here is the knight. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 1 subject Here is the knight who attacked the dragon.
Do you see the dragon that scared the prince? It scared the prince. Do you see the dragon? noun Adjective Clauses 2 adjective clause describes the noun subject
The dragon was dangerous. The knight attacked the dragon. The dragon that the knight attacked was very dangerous. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 3 subject object
The prince was scared. The princess saved him. The prince whom the princess saved was scared. noun adjective clause describes the noun Adjective Clauses 4 subject object
Who and what are these fairytale figures and items? Form sentences with adjective clauses. Practice 1 1 2 3 4 5
They lived in her castle . The princess was powerful. The princess whose castle they lived in was powerful. noun Using Whose 1 Use whose to replace a possessive adjective. An adjective clause with whose can modify people.
Its appearance terrified the prince. The dragon whose appearance terrified the prince ran away. noun Using Whose 2 An adjective clause with whose can also modify things. The dragon ran away.
<ul><li>The dragon is dangerous. His fire and smoke scare everyone. </li></ul>Practice 2 Combine the sentences below. Change the second sentence to an adjective clause. 2. The storm is frightening. The prince is walking through the storm. The storm, through which the prince is walking, is frightening. 3. The princess is fearless. The prince escapes with her. The princess, with whom the prince escapes, is fearless. The dragon, whose fire and smoke scare everyone, is dangerous.
Relative Pronouns You can also describe time and place with relative pronouns. If the NOUN is a time word, the relative pronoun is when or which or that . If the NOUN is a place, the relative pronoun is where or which or that .
Practice 3 Don’t forget to use the characters from the fairytale, Make a sentence using each of the 3 Relative Pronouns to describe time and place.