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Nikapotha Elephants

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To prevent clashes amongst human beings and elephants, NSRC has developed a buffer zone which connects two forest patches and thus elephants are avoided to come near villages and farms in Nikapotha region. A better life for both elephants and villagers in the area!

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Nikapotha Elephants

  1. 1. NIKAPOTHA AND ELEPHANTS
  2. 2. Where Nikapotha is
  3. 3. NIKAPOTHA VILLAGERS & ELEPHANTS <ul><li>Villagers live at the border of forest stretches that supports a high diversity of animals, inclusive of elephants. They want their rural farms protected from wild animals, specially from elephants. </li></ul><ul><li>Elephants travel about 8 kms in a night over feeding session, occasionally crossing or entering into village farms. </li></ul><ul><li>And, a clash always take place. End result in many occasions is heavy casualties from both parties. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Farming in the Regime of Elephants Above- House of Tilakeratne in mid 2002, after several elephant attacks. One elephant used to sleep here in daytime for about a year. Right- House of Tilakeratne in September 2004.
  5. 5. A Solution Coming Up View of Tilakeratne’s land from above. The extent of crop cover is high, and is consisting of many species. Crop survivors by end of September 2004. Many elephant foot tracks were among surviving crops, indicating the intensity of elephant movements
  6. 6. Fifty six crop species thriving to date Some examples- Small plants- Sesame, rue, mustard, roses, chrysanthemum and ‘Elabatu’ Median trees- Lime, orange, castor, Mulberry, ‘Tibbatu’, cinnamon, coffee, pepper and cigarette-leaf-tree Big trees- Avocado, Mahogany and Terminalia spp.
  7. 7. Farming in Elephant Regime- <ul><li>is </li></ul><ul><li>possible! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Creation of Buffer Zone A view of forest afar, seen from the border of a home garden
  9. 9. Creation of Buffer zone The area in between the forest and the farm is frequently subjected to fire during the drought. Creation of buffer zone stops burn-off, and provide better and much fodder.
  10. 10. NIKAPOTHA IS AT A STRATEGIC POSITION IN RELATION TO ELEPHANT HABITATS OF SRI LANKA <ul><li>20 kms afar along a bee line to south from Nikapota is Uda Walawe- the elephant sanctuary in southern Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>20 kms eastward from Nikapotha is ‘Handapanaa Gala’ – an important elephant sanctuary </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, Nikapotha is the elbow point of a geographic range extending from Uda Walawe and Handapanaa Gala and having the shape of a boomerang </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nikapotha in relation to Uda Walawe and Handapanaa Gala
  12. 12. FUTURE PLAN FOR NIKAPOTHA AND ELEPHANTS <ul><li>To develop farms in the area using crops experimented and found to be not attractive to elephants </li></ul><ul><li>To make villagers to tolerate elephants moving through their farms, as they won’t raid these crops </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance movements and needs of elephants with the formation of buffer zones </li></ul>
  13. 13. To get more information about us visit our website http://www.earthseva.org/ <ul><li>Or email us at: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] , </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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