Sec 2 History SBQ Skill: Compare and Contrast

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  • 13 differences
  • Similar : Ball game Diff : Rules of games
  • Comparing grades, or race. Must have a starting point right?
  • Sim : public transport, diff : mode of transport (bus vs train)
  • Sec 2 History SBQ Skill: Compare and Contrast

    1. 3. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it involve? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the questions like? </li></ul><ul><li>How to answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there steps we can follow? </li></ul>
    2. 4. <ul><li>What is comparison? </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at two or more objects and their features or characteristics, and looking at their similarities and differences. </li></ul>
    3. 5. Soccer Basketball
    4. 6. <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><li>- A standard/a reference point by which something is measured/compared. </li></ul>Starting line/reference point
    5. 7. <ul><li>False matching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong criteria used to compare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. The shape of the two waterbottles are different. Waterbottle A is round while waterbottle B is blue. </li></ul></ul>A B
    6. 8. <ul><li>No match </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No criteria used for comparison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Spotting the difference: Waterbottle A is red, Waterbottle B is not red. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Waterbottle A is big. Waterbottle B is blue. </li></ul></ul>A B
    7. 9. SBS Bus SMRT
    8. 10. <ul><li>Provenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of source (textual versus pictorial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government versus non-government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content (inferences) </li></ul><ul><li>tone </li></ul><ul><li>purpose </li></ul>
    9. 11. Similarities In what ways are Sources A and B are similar? Differences In what ways are Sources A and B different? BOTH similarities AND differences How similar are sources A and B? How different are sources A and B? To what extent are sources A and B similar? To what extent are source A and B different? Required answers Question types
    10. 12. How to answer Compare and Contrast questions? L1 (state that sources are similar) L2 (given your basis of comparison L3 (your evidences) Sources A and B are similar. Both agree about __________________. (Basis of comparison) Source A states that “(evidence)”. Source B states that “(evidence)”. Para 1: Similarities
    11. 13. How to answer Compare and Contrast questions? L1 (state that sources are similar) L2 (given your basis of comparison L3 (your evidences) Sources A and B are different. Both disagree about ______________________. (Basis of comparison) Source A states that “(evidence)”. However, Source B states that “(evidence)”. Para 2: Differences
    12. 14. Steps to answering Compare and Contrast <ul><li>Read the question – what is the question asking for? </li></ul><ul><li>Read the topic – what is the issue? </li></ul><ul><li>Read the sources [highlight phrases related to the issue] </li></ul><ul><li>Look for similarities/differences, identify basis of comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Write your answer! </li></ul>
    13. 15. <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct way of comparing (having a valid criteria for comparison) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrong way: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>False match </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No match </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 types of criteria used to compare sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Question requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Template to answer </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to answering </li></ul>
    14. 16. Now you try…
    15. 17. Topic: Housing problems experienced in the 1960s <ul><li>Source A: A historian describes the housing situation in Singapore in the 1960s. </li></ul><ul><li>Over half of the residents lived in cubicles with an average size of about 9 square metres; a high proportion of these cubicles had no windows; sanitary conditions were unbearable and the buildings badly run down. </li></ul>
    16. 18. Source B: Lim Kan San, first Chairman of the Housing Development Board, shares about his experience entering a crowded shophouse <ul><li>I went into a three-storey shophouse. We counted 200 tenants living there. It was so dark and damp. Underneath the staircase was a single plank. A man was lying on the plank covered with a blanket. I paused to ask him if he was sick. “Why are you covering yourself with a thick blanket?” He replied, “I am covering myself out of respect for you. I am wearing only undershorts. My brother is wearing my pants.” </li></ul>
    17. 19. I went into a three-storey shophouse. We counted 200 tenants living there. It was so dark and damp. Underneath the staircase was a single plank. A man was lying on the plank covered with a blanket. I paused to ask him if he was sick. “Why are you covering yourself with a thick blanket?” He replied, “I am covering myself out of respect for you. I am wearing only undershorts. My brother is wearing my pants.” Over half of the residents lived in cubicles with an average size of about 9 square metres; a high proportion of these cubicles had no windows; sanitary conditions were unbearable and the buildings badly run down. Source B: Lim Kan San, first Chairman of the Housing Development Board, shares about his experience entering a crowded shophouse. Source A: A historian describes the housing situation in Singapore in the 1960s.
    18. 20. Writing your answer… <ul><li>What is the question asking for? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similarities ONLY. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How many must I write? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 similarities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is my basis of comparison? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is my evidence? </li></ul>

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