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Territories, Not Hierarchies

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As presented at Agile and Beyond 2015, Dearborn, MI, May 1st, 2015.

Image credits appear on the last two slides.

Published in: Technology
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Territories, Not Hierarchies

  1. 1. TERRITORIES NOT HIERARCHIES USING STEVEN PRESSFIELD'S THE WAR OF ART TO ENABLE SMALL SELF-ORGANIZING TEAMS, INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
  2. 2. WAIT
  3. 3. HEY YOU POP CULTURE JUNKIES / GREEK MYTHOLOGY HATERS
  4. 4. WAIT
  5. 5. WHAT’S SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT? Well, from our point of view… Some excerpts from the Agile Manifesto: • helping others do it • Individuals and interactions • Customer collaboration
  6. 6. WHAT’S SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT? And from the twelve backing principles: • Welcome changing requirements • work together daily • motivated individuals…environment and support they need…trust • face-to-face conversation • emerge from self-organizing teams • the team reflects
  7. 7. GIVE ME A METAPHOR: BUILDING SOFTWARE IS… • Building software is…[INVOKE THE MUSE FOR YOUR ANSWER HERE] • Here’s the catch(?), you can’t use: • Manufacturing / assembly line / widget • Engineering / building / construction • Science • Then we’ll share…
  8. 8. SO BUILDING SOFTWARE IS… • Creative? • Art? • Craft? • Collaborative? • Team-Based? • Did I miss anything?
  9. 9. SO WE NEED A MUSE THEN? • If what we do when we create software isn't engineering, isn't factory work, and isn't science - aren't we saying it's creative work? Art? Craft? • I don’t think we should be surprised that literature and techniques from the creative world – artists chasing the muse – have a lot to teach us in software and leadership
  10. 10. THE WAR OF ART
  11. 11. THE WAR OF ART • Resistance • Artist’s Orientation • Hierarchical • Territorial
  12. 12. GARY PEDRETTI OWNER, SODOTO SOLUTIONS • SODOTO = See One, Do One, Teach One • Come from a wide, generalized set of roles in the software industry • Enterprise Agile Trainer and Coach • Trainer for Schwaber’s Scrum.org • Write custom curriculum • Specialize in Agile Architecture, explaining the real value of technical practices, building rapport with tech teams, being reasonable • Gary@SodotoSolutions.com • http://Blog.GaryPedretti.com • @GaryPedretti
  13. 13. AGENDA • The Resistance • High School Hierarchies • Stevie Wonder Territories • Territories and Self-Organization • Territories and Intrinsic Motivation • Territories and Organizational Change
  14. 14. THE RESISTANCE
  15. 15. THE RESISTANCE • The mental blocks that stop artists from starting, finishing, or entering work • Blocked flow • Think: • “Writer’s Block” • Procrastination • Attachment to Perfection
  16. 16. HIGH SCHOOL HIERARCHIES
  17. 17. THE HIERARCHICAL ORIENTATION • High School • Dweeb or Chess Club vs. Cheerleader or Jock • Niches • Cliques
  18. 18. THE HIERARCHICAL ORIENTATION But when the numbers get too big, a hierarchy breaks down – NYC, IBM, and Michigan State are too big to function as a hierarchy…or any massive society
  19. 19. THE HIERARCHICAL ORIENTATION Attachment to a hierarchy in these situations results in substitution with coarse status symbols…
  20. 20. THE HIERARCHICAL ORIENTATION Those that define themselves by a place in the pecking order of a hierarchy will: • Compete against all others by competing and advancing against those above him, while defending those beneath • Evaluate happiness/success/achievement by his rank within the hierarchy • Act towards others based on their rank in hierarchy, exclusive of all other factors • Evaluate every move solely on effect on others Does this sound disastrous for an artist? How about for us?
  21. 21. THE HIERARCHICAL ORIENTATION The “Hack” • Hacks write to what they think will play well with others - what's hot? What’s not? • This is clearly hierarchically-oriented
  22. 22. STEVIE WONDER TERRITORIES
  23. 23. THE TERRITORIAL ORIENTATION • Home turf • A place of competence, centeredness, and flow • Work-for-its-own-sake – aka intrinsic motivation
  24. 24. THE TERRITORIAL ORIENTATION For example: Stevie Wonder?
  25. 25. THE TERRITORIAL ORIENTATION For example: Bill Gates?
  26. 26. THE TERRITORIAL ORIENTATION For example: Van Gogh?
  27. 27. THE TERRITORIAL ORIENTATION Characteristics: • Provides sustenance • Sustains us without any external input – we put in effort and love, it gives back as well-being • May only be claimed alone – teamwork sometimes, yes, but you only need yourself to soak up a territory's juice • Can only be claimed by work – craft • Returns exactly what you put in, fair, never devalues or crashes
  28. 28. TERRITORIES AND SELF- ORGANIZATION
  29. 29. WHAT DO YOU THINK? • Come up with an example of a Territorial Orientation characteristic that creates or enables Self-Organization • Tell a territorial story, using a metaphor of some sort, that could help you “sell” self-organization to the skeptical
  30. 30. TERRITORIES AND INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
  31. 31. WHAT DO YOU THINK? • Come up with a new example of a Territorial Orientation characteristic or example that creates or enables Intrinsic Motivation • Tell a territorial story, using a metaphor of some sort, that could help you “sell” Intrinsic Motivation to the skeptical
  32. 32. TERRITORIES AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
  33. 33. WHAT DO YOU THINK? • Come up with a new example of a Territorial Orientation characteristic or example that creates or enables Organizational Change – the sort of change you’d like to make at a company • Tell a territorial story, using a metaphor of some sort, that could help you “sell” that change to the skeptical
  34. 34. CLOSING
  35. 35. THINGS TO CONSIDER • Modern business and software are creative, artistic endeavors • An artist's mindset and toolset can help tackle common software and leadership issues • Connections between The War of Art and software/leadership provide a rich set of metaphors for organizational change and learning
  36. 36. THE INVOCATION REVISITED O Divine Poesy Goddess-daughter of Zeus, Sustain for me This song of the various-minded man, Who after he had plundered The innermost citadel of hallowed Troy Was made to stray grievously About the coasts of men, The sport of their customs good or bad, While his heart Through all the seafaring Ached in an agony to redeem himself And bring his company safe home. Vain hope – for them! For his fellows he strove in vain, Their own witlessness cast them away; The fools, To destroy for meat The oxen of the most exalted sun! Wherefore the sun-god blotted out The day of their return. Make the tale live for us In all its many bearings, O Muse.
  37. 37. THANK YOU! LET ME KNOW WHAT YOU THINK: @GARYPEDRETTI GARY@SODOTOSOLUTIONS.COM
  38. 38. IMAGE CREDITS PressfieldsWarofArt.png: Black Irish Entertainment LLC Homer_MUSE.jpg (Homer Simpson): https://eveningrockstar.wordpress.com/2010/02/04/big-night-out/ MuseBandPoster.jpg: http://www.europosters.eu/pohlednice.php?idv=14174 ArtOfWarFrontCover.jpg: Pax Librorum homer-invoking-the-muse-granger.jpg: FineArtAmerica.com homer.jpg: http://jpellegrino.com/teaching/backgrounds/homer.html ThaliaTookMuses.jpg: http://www.thaliatook.com/AMGG/muses.html nine-muses-500x397.jpg (The 9 Muses are dancing while Apollo is playing the lyre): http://www.greekmyths- greekmythology.com/nine-muses-in-greek-mythology/ Muses_sarcophagus_Louvre_MR880.jpg (The nine muses — Calliope, Clio, Euterpe, Erato, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia and Urania — on a Roman sarcophagus (2nd century AD, from the Louvre)), as well as Clio_sarcophagus_Louvre_Ma475, etc. : Marie-Lan Nguyen, public domain Moreau,_Gustave_-_Hésiode_et_la_Muse_-_1891.jpg: public domain muses2.jpg: http://mythmaniacs.com/muses.htm Hesiod.JPG (the so-called Pseudo-Seneca, now conjectured to be an imaginative portrait of Hesiod): Massimo Finizio, Italian Creative Commons license 1807_Thorvaldsen_Tanz_der_Musen_auf_dem_Helikon_anagoria.JPG ("The Dance of the Muses at Mount Helicon" by Bertel Thorvaldsen (1807). Hesiod cites inspiration from the Muses while on Mount Helicon.): Wikipedia user Angora, Creative Commons license Resistance-and-Do-the-work.jpg: words by Stephen Pressfield, image textileartist.org GodinPressfieldAlgorithm.png: http://www.domesticatingit.com ResistanceIsFutile.gif: http://csleiper.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/ResistanceIsFutile.gif resistanceEatsYourDreams.jpg: RayHiltz.com
  39. 39. IMAGE CREDITS, PART 2 detroit_art_museum.jpg: http://ssl.marketplace.org/topics/life/detroit-art-museum-wins-taxpayer-support zeus_statue.jpg: http://fashions-cloud.com/pages/z/zeus-face-statue/ Mnemosyne_(color)_Rossetti.jpg: commons, photo by http://www.rossettiarchive.org Rich_Stergulz_Zeus.jpg: painting by Richard Stergulz, image from http://becuo.com/zeus-painting The-Comedy-and-Tragedy-Masks.jpg: http://www.fanpop.com/clubs/acting/images/204463/title/comedy-tragedy-masks- photo ThreeLeggedWolf.jpg: http://www.mexicanwolves.org/index.php/news/507/51/Press-Release-Federal-Wolf-Trapping- Study-Released-Ignored-by-Department-of-Game-and-Fish/d,News2 Stylized Nine Muse Illustrations: John Garzón, available on his Pinterest page at https://www.pinterest.com/jogar777/ schwarzenegger.jpg: http://governors.library.ca.gov/38-schwarzenegger.html schwarzeneggerInGym.jpg: http://www.schwarzenegger.com/fitness Stevie_Wonder_1973.JPG: commons, found at wikipedia.org Stevie-Wonder-stevie-wonder-36838790-1280-720.jpg: http://www.zfstockill.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Stevie- Wonder-stevie-wonder-36838790-1280-720.jpg stevie-wonder-behind-piano.jpg: http://www.steviewonder.org.uk/bio/chapter13.html StevieWonderInStudio.jpg: http://www.steviewonder.org.uk/bio/chapter13.html JocksAndGeeks.png: http://ahotmama.com/2011/07/06/why-im-raising-my-son-to-be-a-nerd/ cheerleadericon.jpg: http://s695.photobucket.com/user/qtpiegirl1/media/cheerleadericooon.jpg.html cheerleaderMegaphone.jpg: http://pixgood.com/cheerleading-megaphone-clipart-black-and-white.html NYC.jpg: http://nycparkingauthority.com/best-nyc-monthly-parking-deals/ lincoln-navigator-2015-660.jpg: Lincoln Motors Homer_Simpson_2006.png: fair use coverage of a promotional image released by Fox Television

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