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Lesson Observation for Quality Control and Continuous Professional Development - Lyndy Cronin


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Lesson Observation for Quality Control and Continuous Professional Development - Lyndy Cronin

  1. 1. Nice Conference November 20°-21° 2015
  2. 2. Observation for quality control and Continuous Professional Development By Julie Wallis & Lyndy Cronin
  3. 3. Why do observation? • We know that lesson observations are one of the most powerful ways to raise standards in teaching and learning, but only when teachers are empowered in the process. • If we advocate developmental lesson observation, we can help teachers to make the shift from a ‘lesson over’, to a ‘classroom lesson over, now what is my Action Plan?’ model, allowing teachers to tap into and disseminate the great teaching and learning happening in your school and beyond.
  4. 4. Observation types • Observation from DoS, or Academic Manager • Peer Observation • Pop-in observations by invited guest– short observations to see a variety of types of lesson • Mentor / buddy system • Lesson idea sharing groups – in school and online • Self Observation + reflection – lesson journal
  5. 5. What don’t teachers like about being observed? • They feel judged. • They feel it upsets the class room equilibrium. • They can’t find the time. • They don’t want to share their ideas. • They don’t feel that they get honest, constructive and useful feedback. • They feel it just stops at the feedback after one lesson and there is no follow up on their improvements.
  6. 6. Where can we start? Softly, softly…. The trick is to get teachers used to observing and being observed. They also need to see the benefits of observing and being observed. One way to start the ball rolling is to use videos from online sources during staff meetings or as individual tasks for teachers to reflect on. They can then be asked to report back to other teachers during CPD meetings or mentoring sessions.
  7. 7. Where can we find video material for developmental training purposes? Watch the gurus on youtube e.g. Herbert Puchta teaching young children. Adrian Underhill teaching pronunciation Ofsted training videos Teaching with Bayley A series of videos teaching various subjects. Made for the BBC by John Bayley e.g. Media Merge
  8. 8. Examples of observation task. Task 1: While you watch, ask yourself if the students are ‘engaged’. Justify your answer with a partner. Task 2: How does the teacher link from one activity to the next? Explain the transition stages to a partner.
  9. 9. TAG Meeting - Bologna 26/27 Febbraio 2015
  10. 10. What next? Observation from DoS, or Academic Manager If the DoS or Academic Manager does a good job, the teachers can use the session as a model. It is important to; • focus on one or two areas at a time, give good, positive, constructive feedback. • elicit an Action plan from the teacher • agree a time to go back and observe again • keep the focus on the same areas the second time. • Ask the teacher to give you feedback on your performance as an observer. If you want to set an example, it’s important to ‘walk the talk’. CPD is for everyone after all.
  11. 11. Pop-in observations by invited guest– short observations to see a variety of types of lesson • Organise a day where staff can ‘buzz’ other people’s lessons. You can also invite non- academic staff to get involved in this. It gives them an idea about what is happening in the school or university. You may need to train them beforehand.
  12. 12. Mentor / buddy system • Pairing members of the academic staff together to work on a CPD project is a great idea. • Remember to give direction by writing out a task for each pair and make sure your expected outcome is clear. • Unobserved Observation. Teacher discusses lesson plan in detail with Mentor and then feeds back after the lesson.
  13. 13. Peer Observation • Arrange a series of peer observations with a task for the observers. Think carefully about what different teachers can learn from each other. • Ask them to come back with some ideas for further training or action research. Share these ideas with other academic staff.
  14. 14. Lesson idea sharing groups – in school and online • Some Academic Managers may be managing academic staff across a number of sites. There is no reason why staff shouldn’t meet on line to share ideas. The meetings could be themed or you can set tasks and ask teachers to do some action research and report back.
  15. 15. Self Observation + reflection – lesson journal • The use of video is really useful for self observation. You can buy ‘flip cams from amazon from 13 euros upwards. You will need mini camera stands. Teachers can also use their smart phones or simply record the lessons.
  16. 16. Using video Benefits of video lesson observation •Self observation – with video you can observe your own lessons for a deeper level of self-reflection which you can refer back to any time •Time for peer observation – filming your lessons will help you to make time for peer observation without having to arrange lesson cover. This will help you and your colleagues share practice more regularly •Increases authenticity– the dynamic of your class won’t be altered by the presence of an in-class observer or moving to an observation classroom; you can simply continue teaching as you would normally •Discussions based on real events- see what actually happened in the lesson rather than relying on recollection and potentially conflicting accounts. This helps you to build trust, valuable dialogue and stronger working relationships making for much more powerful lesson observations for you