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The Port as an Energy Generator


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Alternative energy sources compatible with
port areas. Case studies from Italian Ports.

Gabriella Chiellino, CEO - eAmbiente Srl
Michele Perissinotto, Port Developments - eAmbiente Srl

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The Port as an Energy Generator

  1. 1. ‘The Port as an Energy Generator’Alternative energy sources compatible withport areas. Case studies from Italian Ports. Gabriella Chiellino, CEO - eAmbiente Srl Michele Perissinotto, Port Developments - eAmbiente Srl GreenPort Logistics and Energy for Green Ports Conference Venice, &
  2. 2. Offices stand n° 7 Exhibition Area
  3. 3. Company eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Ports Developments
  4. 4. eEnergia: 500MW processed and realizedYour partner for : Permitting, EPC and Managing the plants UNDERSTANDING DESIGNING MANAGING Energy audit Wind power plants SEAP, ISO 14001 Environmental analysis Biogas plants Carbon Footprint Energy saving Biomass plants LCA PhotoVoltaic plants BioFuel eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  5. 5. Eco Ports eEnergia Italy and PortsEnergy and Ports Developments
  6. 6. Italy and Ports
  7. 7. Italy and Ports The Italian port system - 23 Port Authorities Italian Port Authorities, established by Law No 84, January 28, 1994 on the reorganization of the port sector in the promotion and development of commercial activities by sea, are active in all major ports. The Law 84 of 1994 established the Port Authority in the ports of Ancona, Bari, Brindisi, Cagliari, Catania, Civitavecchia, Genoa, La Spezia, Livorno, Marina di Carrara, Messina, Napoli, Palermo, Ravenna, Savona, Taranto, Trieste and Venice . To these were added, after investigation, Olbia, Piombino, and Salerno in 1995. In order for a port to be considered within the Port Authority is necessary for the last three years has registered a volume traffic of goods not less than three million tonnes per year less than 90% of the bulk Cash or 200,000 TEUs in accordance with Article 6, paragraph 8, of Law 84, 1994. The port of Gioia Tauro in 1998 and The Port Authority of Augusta is one of the youngest among the Italian having been established only in 2001. The system of ports, integrator of qualified professionals and other entrepreneurial resources and highly specialized, is a wealth of know-how for the country. eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  8. 8. Initiatives taken or being taken by some Port Authorities* WAVE CO2 ISO 14001 COLD SYSTEM NOISE WASTE PORT EMISSIONS/ PV PLANTS Environmental IRONING (Energy REDUCTION MANAGEMENTAUTHORITIES CARBON Managment (and Electric from waves) FOOTPRINT System Mobility) ANCONA CAGLIARICIVITAVECCHIA LA SPEZIA GENOVA NAPOLI PALERMO RAVENNA SAVONA SALERNO VENEZIA *Source: eAmbiente eEnergia and manage these issues
  9. 9. Key areas of management CO2 EMISSIONS / CARBON ENERGY FOOTPRINT PORT ISO 14001 Environmental NOISE REDUCTION Management System WASTE MANAGEMENT eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  10. 10. Energy and Ports
  11. 11. CO2 Experiences with ports EMISSIONS ENERGY PORTISO 14001 EMS NOISE WASTE MANAGEM ENT Realization of an area for sport and leisure activities, in Canal di Valle and Chioggia, Province of Venice Consorzio Punta Molin We developed an Environmental Impact Assessment. With surveys and forecasting models in order to assess: Noise impacts, Effects on roads and traffic (both vehicular and boat traffic). Compliance of the project with the need of new Touristic and sport services. Realization of a centre providing services for nautical activities in the Municipality of Caorle, Province of Venice. eEnergia Nautical Centre Italy and Ports Sansonessa Energy and Ports Developments
  12. 12. CO2 Emissions CO2 EMISSIONS ENERGY PORTISO 14001 CARBOMARK EMS NOISE The overall objective of the project is to promote a local Voluntary Carbon Market (VCM) to trade carbon credits. The initiative will WASTE MANAGEM strengthen the European Union policies contrasting climate change. ENT CARBON FOOTPRINT Specific objectives: Allows to manage, calculate, communicate and Favour carbon sinking to mitigate improve environmental performances associated with greenhouse gas effects; CO2 produced by a product or service. Estimate and enhance the service that forest ecosystems provide in terms of Calculation of Carbon Footprint of a company that carbon sinking and so generate income manages the waste integrated service of the in less favoured areas; Municipality of Udine (Italy). Promote the adoption of offset strategies by local eEnergia works with companies and administrations; Raise small and medium institutions that want to calculate and attest enterprises awareness of the importance of mitigating their impact on their carbon footprint caused by the the environment. organization (ISO 14064) or by a product or Carbomark market will favour the trading of credits resulting from a service (ISO 14067 and PAS 2050). wide range of agro-forest activities: Forest management; The Carbon Footprint Wood products; allows to manage, Urban forestry; calculate, communicate Biochar. and improve The market service started in September 2010, when local small and environmental medium enterprises had the opportunity of buying local carbon credits performances associated to offset their emissions. Carbomark market involves two regions in with CO2. north-east of Italy – Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia. Modelling of the eAmbiente-eEnergia is a technical partner of this project. primary data with eEnergia SimaPro 7.2.4 Analyst. Italy and Ports Energy and Ports Developments
  13. 13. CO2 EMISSIONS ENERGY Biofuel PORT Plant: BIOREACTORISO 14001 EMS NOISE Reactor RS2 WASTE Location: hZEZ MANAGEM ENT Torch Intervention: Recirculation tank PILOT PROJECT: transformation of organic load input to methane, carbon dioxide and a small amount of new biomass in the absence of oxygen. Engine room Advantages: production of biogas (methane), low sludge production low disposal costs, low demand for nutrients and low operating costs, low cost Control room impact from the use of O2, compact installation, high volume loads. Disadvantages: required temperatures higher than in the aerobic treatment (minimum 25 C), need for post-treatment, no removal of N and P, escape of foul air in open systems. Biomass in the form of pellets eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Ports Developments
  14. 14. CO2 EMISSIONS ENERGY Energy from wind PORT Plant: Wind power plant in Sicily, 30MWISO 14001 EMS NOISE W W WASTE Location: MANAGEM d / ENT Intervention: d d d d d d W eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Ports Developments
  15. 15. CO2 ENERGY EMISSIONS PV on Roofs PORTISO 14001 EMS NOISE Plant: Under construciotn WASTE MANAGEM ENT Location: Padua (Italy) Envirnomental Performance Intervention: Indicators One of the biggest PV plants on the roof of the world. Has in fact started the installation of modules on the roofs of buildings for logistics Interporto of Padua. The work provides well 67,500 PhotoVoltaic modules that extend over an area of 250 thousand square meters (over the roofs of all buildings, are also involved in the shelters used for parking cars). The total installed power capacity is 15 MW, producing 17 million kilowatt hours of clean energy per year, equal to the energy consumption of 5,000 households. The planned investment is approximately EUR 50 million, while the work will involve about 450 people. On the environmental front, the emission of CO2 in the atmosphere will be contained to less than 9 tons per year, equivalent to the consumption of about 3,200 tons of oil. The installation of PV systems will be completed in the fall, while the connections to the electricity grid are expected later this year eEnergia Italy and Ports (2011) Energy and Ports Developments
  16. 16. CO2 Building Integrated PV EMISSIONS ENERGY PORTISO 14001 EMS Plant: Pilot Project NOISE WASTE MANAGEM ENT Location: s W d Intervention: The BIPV (Building Integrate Photovoltaic) solutions represents the way to get the building’s external surface to save and produce renewable energy. These building elements have a unique function whereas PV Glass preserve that function and add the possibility to produce renewable energy. Photovoltaic glass into an insulating glass unit allow to obtain a multifunction element for the building envelope, active in renewable energy’s production and able to generate a batch of advantages that contribute to improve building’s energy efficiency and comfort. BIPV systems replace building elements instead of being applied over other elements. • PV cells or Thin Film are laminated between two tempered glasses. • PV Laminated Safety Glasses are customisable and is the Designer that decides size, power, colours, etc. BIPV are custom-made / customised – PVB Solar as Interlayer – Laminated Safety Glasses. Key elements: Transparency – Day Lighting function – Photovoltaic’s cells distances – Transparent Cells or thin film; Customizable power depending on the number of photovoltaic cells per square meter; Shadow and UV rays filter; Optional functions, – Insulating glass – Noise Protection: Using PVB Sound; Aesthetical effect: Serigraphy or PVB colour. eEnergia Italy and Ports At Maritime Terminal Passenger of Venice, the windows of the bridge will be Energy and Ports replaced with this efficient, integrated system of glasses Developments
  17. 17. CO2 ENERGY EMISSIONS Waste Managment PORTISO 14001 EMS Plant: NOISE WASTE MANAGEM ENT Intervention: Design and construction of plants for the anaerobic digestion of organic fraction of municipal waste (MSW) for marketing of dry digestion system. The dry digestion process of organic waste treatment through which, by the biodegradation of organic material, is possible to produce the so-called biogas, which is useful for energy as in can be used in internal combustion engines. Biodigestion is that of a completely natural process, which in Dry variant occurs within reactors (cells digestion) made of reinforced concrete, within which is loaded biomass. The fermentation process is accelerated by temperatures conducive to bacterial growth, ie 34 -37 C. The heat is transmitted to the material from walls and floor heating. The biogas produced is then conveyed to the co-generator to produce electricity and heat. The material exiting the reactor can be easily and economically composted through a conventional aerobic process. The quality of compost produced can be used as quality agricultural fertilizer or as fill. Through anaerobic digestion plants, the organic waste that has long now it is disposed of separately, is used for the production of electricity and thermal energy for heating and compost for agriculture, making a significant contribution to reducing fossil fuel use. d t D eEnergia W Italy and Ports Energy and Ports Developments
  18. 18. CO2 Acoustic Zoning Plan EMISSIONS ENERGY PORTISO 14001 EMS NOISE Plant: WASTE MANAGEM ENT Intervention: The acoustic zoning plan (APZ) is one of the reference tools to ensure environmental protection and to direct actions designed to restore the conditions of noise below the normal limits. This need arises from the fact that in urban and metropolitan of our country, the increase in noise related to productive activities and mass motorization, the formation of urban areas with high population density and characteristics of building products have resulted in levels noise such as to take the phenomenon of an emergency nature. To achieve these objectives, the preparation of APZ has been divided into three phases. In the first phase was developed knowledge framework on national and regional industry, instrumentation and on-going current planning and tools for the management of mobility in order to ensure compatibility (physical and functional) from noise zones proposed by APZ, homogeneous areas where the planning instruments and interventions articulate the municipal government of mobility. In the second phase, the procedure is done with the reading of the state of the municipality, through the investigation of the significant elements for the preparation of the Plan, and the parameterization of the features and elements of the urban system which are the factors that generate noise in directly or indirectly. In other words, they were considered activities such as industrial activities, are the direct sources of noise and activities that, when they reach significant eEnergia Italy and Ports levels, attract traffic flow such as to raise the sound levels in the area. In the third phase, the municipality has been divided into noise zones. Energy and Ports Developments
  19. 19. Developments: RD
  21. 21. BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE WHITE ENERGY DEVICE Most harmful emissions are due to the incomplete combustion of the fuel. Microscopically, we can think of fuel as made up of many drops. Reducing the size of the drops increases the possibility of complete combustion. Electrorheology/Magnetorheology is the study of the flow of fluids under the influence of electric/magnetic field. It has been demonstrated in « Electrorheology leads to efficient combustion» (R. Tao,K. Huang, H. Tang, and D. Bell, Temple University 2008) as well as in other publications, that an electric field reduces the viscosity of the fuel. This viscosity reduction leads to much smaller fuel droplets and cleaner and more efficient combustion. eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  22. 22. WHITE ENERGY DEVICE The White Energy Device (Ekol) consists of two solenoidal coils, one for the fuel pipe (A) and one for the air pipe (B). Coil A is connected to an electric circuit that it is constructed to generate an electromagnetic field in the fuel pipe. Coil B is connected to coil A and it also produces an electromagnetic field. eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  23. 23. By means of the electromagnetic field in the fuel pipe, the White Energy device reduces: • CO emission The Italian Research Center (CNR) has tested the device on • CO2 emission cars with standardized tests and has found very positive results. • HC emission We propose using the White Energy Device in ports. We think • K emission that it will have even better results in marine motors because: • Fuel consumption They are older than car motors; The fuel is less refined; Other companies using similar devices have better results in marine motors than in cars. Therefore the device will have a bigger impact. EXPECTED RESULTS eEnergia Italy and Ports Energy and Developments
  24. 24. Thank you for the stand n° 7 Exhibition Area