LCA study of impact assessment in seven different modes of supply of non-alcoholic beverage
LCA study of impact assessment in seven different modes of supply of non-alcoholic beverage Friday, May 11, 2012 MilanG. Chiellino, F. BalzaneAmbiente S.r.l., 30175, Marghera, Italywww.email@example.com@eambiente.it
ABOUT USGabriella Chiellino is the first woman graduated in Environmental Science inItaly and she founded eAmbiente in the year 2002.The Company is now a consultancy firm of 30 young graduates forenvironment and engineering that works in Italy and in Europe.
ABOUT USEnvironmental assessments and analysisUNDERSTANDING Environmental management and control MANAGE DESIGN Environmental restoration and remediation
WHERE CONEGLIANO Registered Office Via Manin, 276 31015 VENEZIA Operations office VEGA Park - Venice Gateway for Science and Technology Via delle Industrie, 9 30175 MILANO Commercial office Via Tiziano, 15 20145WEB www.eambiente.it
eAmbiente and PepsiCoGLOBAL STRATEGY: Strategic platform called Performance with Purpose Three fundamental pillars Human Sustainability to feed our consumers with a range of pleasant and healthy products, making the healthier choice of simplicity. Environment Sustainability to be responsible stewards of the resources of our planet, regenerating natural resources, where possible, and minimizing the environmental impact of our activities. Talent Sustainability to attract, retain and develop talent on a global scale, taking care of our employees. Our presentation PepsiCo LCA Study Collecting data Results Conclusions
LCA Study2009: Start of packaging screening LCA of CSD (Carbonated Soft Drink) used in Ho.Re.Ca.(Hotel, Restaurants, Cafè)OBJECTIVE:obtain a quantification of the environmental impact associated with sevendifferent modes of supply of the drink Pepsi considered on their entire life cycleLCA study has compared these seven typical modes of packaging:2.18 liters of drink in steel drums (Premix);3.18 liters of syrup delivered in steel drums at the store after mixing with water and carbon dioxide (Postmix);4.500 ml of drink in plastic bottles (PET);5.250 ml of drink in glass bottles (VAP);6.330 ml of drink in aluminium cans;7.10 liters of syrup in “bag in box” (BIB) at the store after mixing with water and carbon dioxide (postmix);8.1 liter of drink in returnable glass bottles (VAR).
PhasesPhase Year Action Validation ENEA July 2009 – I Screening study with LCA January 2010 department of methodology LCA and eco- design DNV Complete study of LCA using July 2010 – II UNI EN ISO 14040:2006 January 2011 Critical review UNI EN ISO14044:2006
Processing• SimaPro Analyst Software 7.1.8• Collecting primary data directly from the Company• Secondary data from databases Ecoinvent• Method of calculation Mid Point CML Baseline and ECO-INDICATOR Categories of impact: • Global warming: an increase in the average temperature of Earths atmosphere and oceans; • Thinning of the ozone layer in the stratosphere; • Oxidation photochemistry: photochemical smog; • Acidification: it is a chemical process, caused by pollution of water and air, through which gaseous substances to the prevailing anthropogenic once suffered transformation into acids, alter the chemical characteristics of ecosystems; • Eutrophication: means a situation of excessive richness of nutrients in an ecosystem; • Depletion of abiotic factors: refers to the use of primary non-renewable natural resources.
Functional unitThe functional unit of study is the supply of a liter of Pepsi servedchilled Allows the comparison of the benefits provided using 7different kind of packaging. Our presentation PepsiCo LCA Study Collecting data Results Conclusions
System boundaries PackagingEnd of life Fill the product Pepsi LCA Package and Reuse transport Use Our presentation PepsiCo LCA Study Collecting data Results Conclusions
Collecting data Phase of providing raw materials and 1 semifinished number size material weight of Drink pieces packaging PE; HDPE / LLDPE/ 10 LT 91,5 gr 250 TPE weight of package components materials number weight (kg) packaging. PackageBag of the 1 box cardboard 1 1,7 Kg 24,7 Kg “Bag in number of Box” components materials number weight total weight pallets for weight (kg) (kg) Pallet each truck system pallet wood 1 10 Kg 405,7 Kg 32 12.983 extensible LLPDE 1 0,5 Kg box paper 16 24,7 Kg type of origin final destination tot km tonnes truck Transport BREDA - OLANDA SCORZE ( VE) 1240 EURO 3 12.983
Collecting data2 Phase of making finished product weight final size components material Drink product packaging 10 L bag PE 390 gr package components material nr weight peso conf. 1 box cardboard 1 1,7 Kg 13,1 Kg Package“Bag in label paper 1 Box” number of nr BIB for components of weightfinished package each pallet pallet materials nr weight of pallet for each pallet Pallet 60 60 pallet wood 1 20 Kg 806 Kg extensible film LLDPE 1 0,245 Kg interlayer paper 4 0,35 Kg
Collecting data 3 Consumption per liter of beverage (kWh / l) Thermal consumption per liter of beverage (m3/lt) Annual Thermal Consuimption per Annual heat Thermal electricity consumption per Plant liter of beverage consumption consumption consumption liter of beverage (kwh (lt) methane (m3) expressed in MJ (kWh) (m3/lt)PBI SCORZE’ (VE) 438.661 0,04654 118.643 0,01259 0,43551Product assembled and filled Number of pieces per year Total Litres Total liters per plant Pepsi Premix 18 L 427.874 7.701.732Pepsi Postmix18 L 71.141 1.280.538 9.426.470 Pepsi BIB 10 L 44.420 444.200
Collecting data 4 Distribution phase: Transported liters and percentage of total Enviromental Travels Transported Class Numb. % Travels Covered Km Litre % on total km per travel Truck-EURO 0 42 0,51 18200 828789,59 0,44 433,33 Truck-EURO 1 69 0,84 20285 949122,97 0,51 293,99 Truck-EURO 2 1197 14,58 347324 23451822,31 12,57 290,16 Truck-EURO 3 4943 60,21 1829352 116929086,6 62,69 370,09 Truck-EURO 4 635 7,73 240440 14738542,17 7,9 378,65 Truck-EURO 5 1177 14,34 443445 28605635,88 15,34 376,76 Van-EURO 3 9 0,11 1635 65053,05 0,03 181,67 Van-EURO 4 103 1,25 19455 699726,93 0,38 188,88 Van-EURO 5 35 0,43 5900 239003,87 0,13 168,57 186.506.783 100
Collecting data5 Use phase KWh consumed per liter of beverage Equipment Model Fountain Postmix Intelliblue 2 Cooling capacity nelle 24/h Total Consumption per day LT KWh 40 4,24 30 4,11 20 3,98 10 3,856 Disposal phase % of recycling and recovery from national reports. Our presentation PepsiCo LCA Study Collecting data Results Conclusions
Results - NET BIB big volumes, disposable CAN little volumes,disposable, recyclable
Results - NET STEEL CAN PREMIX big volumes, reusable 100 times
ConclusionsThe LCA study shows that steel cans POSTMIX and BIB are always themost eco-sustainable packaging for all consumption scenarios for a lotof impact categories: the reason is that they use tap water + syrup atthe storage point no need of transport.BIB: large volumes (postmix model) in a little weight.Steel cans POSTIMIX and PREMIX: large volumes and ability to reuse.CAN, PET bottle and Glass bottles have different performances, alwayslesser than Steel cans and BIB. Our presentation PepsiCo LCA Study Collecting data Results Conclusions